Workshop on Clean Fuels and Vehicles
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Workshop on Clean Fuels and Vehicles Regional Research on Status of Clean Fuels and Vehicles Szentendre, 25-26 th October 2005. Ruslan Zhechkov, REC This project is financed by The Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (VROM). Project.

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Workshop on Clean Fuels and Vehicles

Regional Research on Status of Clean Fuels and Vehicles

Szentendre, 25-26th October 2005

Ruslan Zhechkov, REC

This project is financed by The Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (VROM)


Project
Project

  • Funded by the Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (VROM – www.vrom.nl)

  • Goals: improve national capacity for developing of national strategies and programmes for improvement of quality of vehicle fuels through:

  • country research

  • exchange of experience – status, policies, etc.

  • identification of follow up measures and needs on a country and regional level

  • synergies with a similar UNEP/US EPA project covering CEE countries and Turkey


Background
Background

  • Covered countries – Albania, BiH, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania and Serbia and Montenegro

  • Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV)

  • Building upon SILAQ – Sofia Initiative on Local Air Quality – launched in 1995 at Environment for Europe Conference

  • SILAQ focus – promotion of unleaded gasoline and reduction of sulphur and particulate emissions

  • SILAQ countries – Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia

  • REC’s role – secretarial support to SILAQ Working Group


Silaq conclusions
SILAQ Conclusions

Key issues needed to be addressed:

  • Ability of domestic refineries to supply unleaded gasoline;

  • Use of unleaded gasoline by local vehicles;

  • Awareness of the public as to the applicability of unleaded gasoline.

    One of the goals of the workshop is to share possible solutions to these problems!


Silaq recommendations
SILAQ Recommendations

  • Public information and outreach campaigns regarding the applicability of unleaded gasoline in older cars;

  • Awareness raising with regard to the health benefits of lead phase-out;

  • Exchange of experiences with other countries;

  • Needs assessment for the development and use of non-lead lubricating additives;

  • Research into the feasibility of using unleaded gasoline in cars with soft exhaust valve seats;

  • Ensuring access to the necessary financial support for refinery modernization;

  • Technological development of refineries;

  • Introduction and enforcement of vehicle emissions and gasoline standards;

  • Modernization of the control system for periodic technical inspection of vehicles;

  • Fitting of cars with catalytic converters and other pollution control devices;

  • Development of the production and distribution systems to improve the supply of unleaded gasoline and lubricating additives;

  • Implementation of policy incentives to increase the market share of unleaded gasoline and speed up the complete phase-out of leaded gasoline;

  • Requirements for lead phase-out in the privatization of refineries.


Assessment methodology
Assessment methodology

  • Timing – May-July, 2005

  • Based on a common questionnaire

  • Baseline year – 2003

    Questionnaire includes 5 main chapters:

  • Personal Information

  • Country Specific Data

  • Air Quality

  • Fuel Quality

  • Vehicle Emissions



Air quality
Air Quality

  • Institutions – Ministries of Environment, Ministries of Health, Inspectorates, Institutes

  • Legislation – recent Air Protection Acts, subsidiary legislation in process of adoption; BG and RO transposed EU Directives

  • Primary air pollutant criteria standards – targets similar to EU or slightly stricter (SCG, BiH)

  • Annual emissions of pollutants in ambient air – missing info in AL, SCG


Fuel quality 1
Fuel Quality (1)

  • Institutions for fuel quality control. Problems:

  • few or no independent authorized laboratories;

  • lack of testing equipment, personnel in labs;

    - Illegal practices in the chain b/n refinery and car tank

    - lack of fuel for state-of-the-art cars.

    Need for:

  • strengthening the institutions in charge of monitoring and reporting including independent labs;

  • opening markets for foreign producers;

  • Others???

    Legislation: no transposition yet except BG and RO which transposed: Council regulation 2964/95 on registration of crude oil imports and deliveries; EC Dir. 98/70/EC on quality of petrol and diesel fuels; EC Dir. 2003/17/EC amending 98/70/EC




Fuel quality standards
Fuel Quality Standards national specifications



Vehicle emissions
Vehicle emissions national specifications

  • Diesel passenger cars 10%-30% BiH (>50%), SCG (>30%)

  • LDV, HDV, buses – mostly diesel

  • Little info on converters - BiH (57%), SCG (30%)

  • Old fleet – mostly 11-20 years, few new ones – BG (36%, >20 years)

  • Own production – Romania, SCG and Turkey

  • Limitations on import (age cap BiH, Macedonia, SCG)



Issues to be addressed during workshop 1
Issues to be addressed during workshop (1) national specifications

  • Each country present and planned activities in studied topics, especially lead phase-out and sulphur reduction

  • Refineries’ ability to produce cleaner fuels – financial implications

  • Public awareness on health benefits from lead phase-out. Measures?

  • Institutional reform air quality, fuel quality. Is it needed? What kind?

  • Air quality and fuel quality legislation. EU Directives? Planning of transposition efforts? Political will?


Issues to be addressed during workshop 2
Issues to be addressed during workshop (2) national specifications

  • Fuel quality control – laboratories, testing equipment

  • Policy incentives to increase the market share of unleaded gasoline and speed up the complete phase-out of leaded gasoline

  • Specific approach to phasing out leaded gasoline – good examples. How is it done?

  • Promotion of environmentally friendly vehicles – innovative policies.


How? national specifications

  • Share good and bad country experiences

  • Brainstorm on what has to be done

  • Draft a list of follow up steps and actions

  • Discuss financial needs, capacity building needs

  • Complete research data where it is missing!


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