A guide to the promotion and tenure process
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A Guide to the Promotion and Tenure Process. By: Richard N. Pierson III, M.D., FACS, Professor of Surgery Senior Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, School of Medicine Based on presentations prepared by

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A guide to the promotion and tenure process
A Guide to the Promotion and Tenure Process

By: Richard N. Pierson III, M.D., FACS,

Professor of Surgery

Senior Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, School of Medicine

Based on presentations prepared by

Bruce A. Jarrell, MD, Achsah D. Keegan, Ph.D., Brad Alger, PhD, James Kaper, PhD and Alan Cross, MD

.


Academic titles
Academic Titles

  • Academic titles are conferred only in SOM Departments on recommendation by the Chair, (not in Centers, Programs, or Institutes).

  • Titles:

    • Instructor/Research Associate (NTT)

    • Assistant Professor (TT, NTT)

    • Associate Professor (TT, NTT, tenured)

    • Professor (TT, NTT, tenured)

    • Prefixes: part-time, volunteer, visiting, emeritus

  • Tenure is not a title, but a performance-based commitment by SOM to a faculty member

TT = tenure track, NTT = non-tenured track


There is promotion and there is tenure at umsom they are not connected
There is Promotionand there is Tenure(at UMSOM they are NOT connected)

One can be appointed or promoted without tenure,

(even on the tenure-track).

One can be evaluated and receive tenure without

being promoted.

One can only change tenure tracks ONCE

NTT to TT; TT to NTT


Criteria for promotion tenure
Criteria for Promotion, Tenure

Objective evidence of Quality, Originality,

Impact, (Independence), Trajectory

  • Research/scholarly contributions

  • Teaching

  • Institutional/non-institutional service

  • Clinical activities (if applicable)


Mission of the SOM Committee on Appointments, Promotion, and Tenure (APT)

  • APT is advisory to the Dean

  • APT considers recommendations made to the Dean by Departmental Chairs

  • APT considers:

    • New Appointments

      • Associate Professor (TT or with tenure)

      • Professor (TT or with tenure)

    • Promotions to Associate Professor or Professor

    • All tenure recommendations


Present fy12 apt committee membership member 3 year term chair 1 2 years
Present (FY12) APT Tenure (APT)Committee Membership (Member: 3-year term; Chair: 1-2 years)

  • Paul S. Fishman, M.D. Ph.D. (Neurology) – Chair

  • Robert W. Buchanan, M.D. (Psychiatry)

  • Richard L. Eckert, Ph.D. (Biochem/Molecular Biol)

  • Joseph P. Kao, Ph.D. (Physiology)

  • Patricio O’Donnell, M.D., Ph.D. (Anatomy & Neurobiology)

  • Mark W. Rogers, PT, Ph.D., FAPTA (PTRS)

  • Mary-Claire Roghmann, M.D., (Epidemiology/PH)

  • J. Marc Simard, M.D. (Neurosurgery)

  • Rose M. Viscardi, M.D. (Pediatrics)

    All tenured professors; basic and clinical departments


Normal steps in the process
Normal Steps in the Process Tenure (APT)

  • Initial appointments at Assistant Professor

    • Chair  Dean  SOM council  VP/President  Dean

  • Initial appointments at Professor or Associate Professor on the tenure track or with tenure

    • Chair  Dean  SOM APT Com.  Dean  SOM Executive Com.  SOM Council  VP/President  Dean

  • Promotions to Associate Professor or Professor, and/or for award of tenure

    • Dept. APT Com.  Chair  Dean  SOM APT Com.  Dean  SOM Executive Com.  SOM Council  VP/President  Dean

  • Recommendations for faculty members who are members of centers or institutes are made jointly between the Department Chair and Center/Institute Director


Apt process

GATHER DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE DOSSIER Tenure (APT)

DEPARTMENT REQUESTS LETTERS OF RECOMMENDATION

FAVORABLE REVIEW BY DEPARTMENTAL APT COMMITTEE

RECOMMENDATION BY DEPARTMENT CHAIR

FULL DOSSIER TO APT via DEAN’S OFFICE

(DUE IN DECEMBER)

TWO APT REVIEWERS PRESENT INDEPENDENT REVIEWS

TENURE?: ADDITIONAL (OUTSIDE) REVIEWER

DISCUSSION AND VOTE [Y/N/Defer] BY APT

APT PROCESS


Apt review
APT REVIEW Tenure (APT)

VOTE TO APPROVE (Y/N/Defer)

OFTEN UNANIMOUS

DEFER for

additional info

ReRev

NO

FACULTY

CHAIR

DEAN

YES

SOM EXEC COMM

SOM COUNCIL

UMB VP/Pres

DEAN


Criteria for promotion
Criteria for Promotion Tenure (APT)

Objective evidence of Quality, Originality,

Impact, (Independence), Trajectory

  • Research/scholarly contributions

  • Teaching

  • Institutional/non-institutional service

  • Clinical activities (if applicable)


Promotion to associate professor
Promotion to Tenure (APT)AssociateProfessor

  • Awarded for demonstration of sustained accomplishments in teaching, significant contributions to knowledge, clinical activities (if applicable), and/or service well beyond those required for an Assistant Professor.

  • Evidence of regional prominence (e.g., membership and leadership in regional professional activities, invitations to speak at regional conferences/grand rounds, regional referral base for clinicians.

  • Convincingevidence of ability to maintain excellent performance.

  • Never granted solely as a reward for length of service.


Promotion to professor
Promotion to Tenure (APT)Professor

  • Awarded only for thehighestlevels of scholarly achievement, teaching, and service to SOM and UMB.

  • Nothing less than excellence in at least 2 categories.

  • Clearly establishedNATIONAL REPUTATIONand IMPACTin scholarship, teaching, service, (clinical)

  • First rateteacher, transformative service (+/or pt care)

  • Sustainedhigh level of productivity andexcellencein contributions to knowledge.

  • Never granted solely as a reward for length of service.


Evaluation criteria
Evaluation Criteria Tenure (APT)

RESEARCH

-Scholarly contributions (originality, impact)

-Quality of peer-reviewed journals

-Number of senior/primary authorships

or well-annotated description of individual contribution

-Citation scores (total, individual papers, h-index impact factor)

-Peer-reviewed Grants (source, magnitude, dates, role, diversity, renewal history, etc)

-Patents issued, licensed

-Invited presentations, national and international recognition

-Documentation! (Quantity, Quality, Impact)


Citation analysis and journal impact factor if
Citation Analysis and Journal Impact Factor (IF) Tenure (APT)

  • Citation analysis is performed on each candidate considered by the APT (Science citation index, ISI Web of knowledge).

  • Quality of journal is important but journal IFs are not calculated for each candidate.

  • In some biomedical fields, the most prestigious journals have low IF because the field is smaller.

  • Major, not minor differences in IF would make an impression.


H index hirsch 2005 pnas 102 16569
H Index Tenure (APT)(Hirsch 2005 PNAS 102:16569)

  • The highest number of papers that have each received at least that number of citations

    • e.g., an h-index of 50 means 50 papers have each received at least 50 citations.

  • Avoids undue weight to a large number of mediocre papers.

  • Highlights sustained and significant contributions.

  • Can be calculated using Science Citation Index for an author with results sorted on times cited. http://www.hshsl.umaryland.edu/resources/databases/Default.aspx?q=&p=4#results


Criteria for Evaluation Tenure (APT)

SERVICE

-Documentation! (Quantity, Quality, Impact)

-Current & past institutional (Department and SOM major committees, leadership roles important)

e.g., IACUC, IRB, qualifying exam committee

-Medical school applicant interviews, etc.

-Significant administrative positions (School, Hosp.)

-Regional, Natl. & Intl. Society membership/service

committee membership, leadership; impact

-Reviewing (editorial boards, grant reviews)

Journal reviewer service should be tracked (#/yr/Journal)

-Community service


Criteria for Evaluation Tenure (APT)

TEACHING

-Documentation! (Quantity, Quality, Impact)

-Teaching portfolio required for APT level promotions(see Dr. Nancy Lowitt)

-Courses taught and/or developed (classes, number of hours, number of students)

-Medical student & graduate student teaching

-Non-course teaching (student, resident)

-Mentoring (committees, advisees)

- where have advisees ended up?

-Evaluations (quantitative if possible, letters)

Teaching awards (Non-trivial)


Criteria for Evaluation Tenure (APT)

Clinical

-Documentation! (Quantity, Quality, Impact)

-Clinical portfolio strongly recommended for APT level promotions (see Dr. Nancy Lowitt)

-Board Certified in Specialty/Sub-specialty

-Sustained record of clinical publications

-Evidence of clinical excellence (RVUs, hours, letters)

-Leadership role in clinical trials (delineate role)

-Broad-based patient referral pattern (1 or 2 letters)

-Development of new technique/procedure/device

objective evidence of scholarly evaluation

-Invited clinical presentations:

Grand Rounds (extramural)

Talks at region, national and international meetings


Criteria for Evaluation Tenure (APT)

Letters of Recommendation

-Chair’s letter: role, contributions to the department

-5-7 external letters, 3-5 internal

-At least 3 should be independent reviewers

-Support for appointment at the requested rank and tenure status should be explicit in the letter

-Provide new information not in dossier (evaluative comments helpful)

-Significant relationships with candidate should be noted (mentor, co-investigator, personal: bias)

-Comments regarding candidate’s suitability for appointment to a similar position at the reviewer’s institution is particularly compelling


What is tenure
What is Tenure ? Tenure (APT)

  • Tenure acknowledges a long-term commitment by the School to the faculty member. The granting of tenure is one of the most important decisions made by the School.

  • Unlike many institutions where tenure is not precisely defined, tenure at UMSOM is a long-term financial commitment by the institution to provide specified minimum levels of salary support to tenured faculty who do not generate income sufficient to pay the full professional activities component of the salary.

  • Specific salary support information can be found at http://medschool.umaryland.edu/Newsletters/sstffin.pdf


Tenure time clock
Tenure Time Clock Tenure (APT)

  • Assist. Professor on tenure track

    • Review & decision on tenure can occur at any time but must occur before the end of the 9th year after initial appointment.

  • Associate Professor or Professor

    • Decision must occur before the end of the 4th year.

  • If tenure is denied during a mandatory tenure review, the faculty member can be transferred to NTT.

  • Someone initially appointed on the NTT can be reviewed and granted tenure even without being on the TT.

  • Department chair requests to extend the tenure deadline are considered on a case-by-case basis, and require approval by the SOM Dean and University President.


Criteria for tenure
***** Tenure (APT)Criteria for Tenure*****

“The paramount criterion for granting of tenure shall be evidence that the faculty member has madesubstantial, original contributions to knowledgeas demonstrated by the publication of asustained seriesof peer-reviewed articles based upon the faculty member’sindependentacademic activities.”

Key criterion is sustained record of

scholarly productivity and

(almost always) peer-reviewed funding


Tenure Evaluation Tenure (APT)

THE OUTSIDE EXPERT’S OPINION

  • For any deliberation regarding awarding of tenure (and only for tenure decisions), the advice of an expert in the candidate’s field (usually outside of UM) is sought by scheduled conference call during the APT meeting

    • The expert is recruited impartially and independently by the APT coordinator

    • The expert is sent the entire dossier except for letters of recommendation

  • The expert’s independent opinion is solicited by the primary reviewer, and then questions are posed by the entire APT Committee


Is there a formula
Is there a Tenure (APT)Formula???

No. (Unfortunately. The APT’s job would

be MUCH easier if there were.)

The APT looks at the whole package in the context of the candidate’s field of expertise. Major accomplishments in one area may to some extent balance off a minor deficiency in another. But ‘johny one-notes’ do not usually do well.

No particular quantity in any category of scholarship, teaching or service guarantees

promotion or tenure.


What about rough guidelines for promotion or tenure i e historical precedents
What about ROUGH guidelines Tenure (APT)for Promotion or Tenure??(i.e., historical precedents)

  • Receipt of major peer-reviewed grants as Principle Investigator.

    • NIH is still the gold standard

    • NSF, DOD, and VA awards are viewed similarly

    • Clinical trial leadership (clearly define role in design, conduct)

  • Recent successful candidates for Associate Professor (Tenure track) have had ~30 peer-reviewed papers, are 1st or senior author on >60%, and have received at least one peer-reviewed grant.

    • Citation scores >500, H-index typically >10

  • Successful candidates for Tenured Full Professor have >50 peer-reviewed papers, successfully renewed at least one peer-reviewed grant.

    • Cited >1000 times, H-Index >15

  • Local and national service (editorial boards, Study Section, leadership role in professional societies); high-quality teaching, clinical care

  • National/international profile (major talks at natl./intl. meetings)


Main points
MAIN POINTS Tenure (APT)

  • Promotion and Tenure are separate decisions.

  • Standards are described in SOM APT Guidelines.

  • National/International Impact and Reputation.

    • Scholarship (peer-reviewed publications) is essential

    • Teaching, Service, and Clinical Excellence count equally

  • EXCELLENCE is primary standard.

    • Generally required in 2 of 3 categories for promotion to Associate Professor

    • Leadership in societies, statements of peers, invited talks off campus, organization of symposia, etc.

    • Documentation Rules! (Quantity, Quality, Impact)


Where to find the basic information

http://medschool.umaryland.edu/ Tenure (APT)

PoliciesProcedures.asp

Criteria for academic ranks and tenure

*

http://medschool.umaryland.edu/opd/faculty.asp

http://medschool.umaryland.edu/AcademicAdmin/

Faculty development, CV, and portfolio development

Information on process and required documents

Where to find the BASIC INFORMATION


And that s all there is to it
AND THAT’S ALL THERE IS TO IT! Tenure (APT)

GOOD LUCK!


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