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Articulatory Processes. Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net. The Most Common Processes. Assimilation Dissimilation Deletion Epenthesis Metathesis Vowel reduction. Assimilation : Two sounds becoming more alike. Regressive Assimilation

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Articulatory processes

Articulatory Processes

Deny A. Kwary

www.kwary.net


The most common processes
The Most Common Processes

  • Assimilation

  • Dissimilation

  • Deletion

  • Epenthesis

  • Metathesis

  • Vowel reduction


Assimilation two sounds becoming more alike
Assimilation: Two sounds becoming more alike

  • Regressive Assimilation

    • Assimilation in which a sound influences the preceding segment.

    • E.g. indefinite, impossible, incomplete

  • Progressive Assimilation

    • Assimilation in which a sound influences the following segment.

    • E.g. books, bags


Z or s
[-z] or [-s]

  • Bananas

  • Grapes

  • Lemons

  • Cookies

  • Cakes

  • Tarts

  • Potatoes

  • Carrots

  • [-z]

  • [-s]

  • [-z]

  • [-z]

  • [-s]

  • [-s]

  • [-z]

  • [-s]


D t or id
[-d], [-t], or [-id]

  • Studied

  • Kicked

  • Eliminated

  • Erased

  • Looked

  • Typed

  • Measured

  • Surrounded

  • [-d]

  • [-t]

  • [-id]

  • [-d]

  • [-t]

  • [-t]

  • [-d]

  • [-id]


Dissimilation two sounds becoming less alike
Dissimilation:Two Sounds Becoming Less Alike

  • Fifths: [f  f  s]  [f  f t s]

    Three fricatives  fricative+stop+fricative


Deletion
Deletion

  • A process that removes a segment from certain phonetic context.

  • In English, a schwa [] is often deleted when the next vowel in the word is stressed.

    suppose: [spz]  [spz]


Epenthesis
Epenthesis

  • A process that inserts a segment into a particular environment.

  • For example:

    • (in careful speech) something is pronounced

      [smp] instead of [sm]


Metathesis
Metathesis

  • A process that reorders a sequence of segments

  • For example:

    • Brid (Old English)  Bird (Modern English)


Vowel reduction
Vowel Reduction

  • The articulation of a vowel moves to a more central position when the vowel is unstressed.

  • For example:

    • considerate vs. consideration


P 67 question 15 a h
P.67, Question #15, a-h

a. Assimilation

b. Assimilation

c. Deletion

d. Deletion

e. Epenthesis

f. Deletion

g. Deletion

h. Metathesis


That s all for today

That’s All For Today

See You Next Week

Deny A. Kwary

www.kwary.net


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