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UW CSEP 590 Term paper. Biometric Authentication Shankar Raghavan. Definition and Advantages. Physical or behavioral characteristics Much longer, random than a traditional password Always there with the person Unique to a person. Common biometric identifiers.

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UW CSEP 590 Term paper

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UW CSEP 590 Term paper

Biometric Authentication

Shankar Raghavan


Definition and Advantages

Physical or behavioral characteristics

Much longer, random than a traditional password

Always there with the person

Unique to a person


Common biometric identifiers

FRR/FAR are measures for accuracy


Authentication mechanism, threats

  • If template is compromised, is the biometric identifier lost for ever?

  • Is there any good method for Tye 1 or type 2 attacks?


Fingerprint minutiae


Attacks and Defences

  • Dummy finger (Type 1)

  • Gummy finger – Matsumoto (Type 1)

  • Hill climbing attack (Type 4)

  • Liveness detection (Type 1)

  • WSQ data hiding (Type 2)

  • Advantages of iris/retinal scannings

  • Image based challenge response systems


Fuzziness in biometrics

  • n of N attributes match

  • Application of Shamir’s secret sharing

  • Identity based encryption using bilinear maps

    • Uses different polynomials for each user

    • Generates a private key for every attribute user has, this is distinct and not shared with another user.

    • Interpolates polynomial in an exponent


Fuzzy biometrics (backup)

  • Fuzzy commitment

    • x and x’ will both decode to a similar value

    • Not able to handle rotational/translational aspects of order invariances in an image very well.

  • Fuzzy vault

    • Maps a set that hold the key to a secret onto a polynomial p ie each value in the set is an x coordinate for a point evaluated by p.

    • Adds some noise or chaff so that the encrypted set becomes p(x),


Questions?


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