Child abuse and neglect overview for child care providers
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Child Abuse and Neglect Overview for Child Care Providers. Child Abuse & Neglect National Statistics. Over 3 million reports of child abuse and neglect are reported each year Neglect60% Physical 20% Sexual 10% Emotional 7%. Child Abuse & Neglect National Statistics.

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Child Abuse and Neglect Overview for Child Care Providers

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Child abuse and neglect overview for child care providers

Child Abuse and NeglectOverview for Child Care Providers

Child abuse neglect national statistics

Child Abuse & NeglectNational Statistics

Over 3 million reports of child

abuse and neglect are reported each year


Physical 20%

Sexual 10%

Emotional 7%

Child abuse neglect national statistics1

Child Abuse & NeglectNational Statistics

  • Incidence: three times greater than reported

  • Abusive head trauma leading cause of infant deaths

  • 25% of shaken baby syndrome children die; majority have brain damage

  • Every 10 seconds a child is abused

Who is considered a mandatory reporter

Who is Considered a Mandatory Reporter?

For example:

  • Health care providers (nurses, dentists, physicians)

  • School personnel (teachers, principals, secretaries & other staff)

  • Police officers, fire fighters


Children s code

Children’s Code

C.R.S. 19-3-309

Any person,

other than the perpetrator,

who makes a report

shall be immune from any liability,

civil or criminal, or termination of

employment that might result from

such reporting



You should report


reasonable suspicion of abuse

Why abuse is not reported

Why Abuse is Not Reported

  • Little or no training

  • Afraid of reprisals or being sued

  • “Bureaucratic tape”

  • Personal feeling for child/family

  • Very stressful

The child care provider

The Child Care Provider

Usually, the only

other person

outside immediate

family members

who sees a child

on an on-going basis

Reasonable suspicion

Reasonable Suspicion

The most important thing

to remember is that …

you should report any

reasonable suspicion of abuse



Risk factors

Risk Factors

  • Lack of parenting skills

  • Overuse of physical punishment

  • Poor coping skills

  • Marital difficulties

Risk factors1

Risk Factors

  • Lack of knowledge of normal growth and development

  • Criminal behavior

  • Immaturity

Children with special needs

Children with Special Needs

In addition to the fact that

children with disabilities

are at increased risk of abuse,

is the reality that child abuse

can cause disabilities.

Children with special needs1

Children with Special Needs

  • Exact number of disabilities caused by abuse is unknown.

  • Estimated to represent at least 25% of all developmental disabilities!

Child abuse prevention techniques for children with special needs

Child Abuse Prevention Techniques for Children with Special Needs

  • Teach children personal safety skills

  • Know all care providers and observe interactions, since the child is so dependent on the caregiver.

Child abuse prevention techniques for children with special needs1

Child Abuse Prevention Techniques for Children with Special Needs

  • Participate in prevention training programs.

  • Develop relationships with local community agencies and schools that serve children with disabilities.

Physical abuse

Physical Abuse

Any physical injury to a child that is not accidental

Types of physical injuries

Types of Physical Injuries

  • Bruises

  • Human bite marks

  • Burns

  • Fractures

  • Head/brain injuries

  • Poisoning

Shaken baby syndrome

Shaken Baby Syndrome

Brain damage that may result in the following:

  • Spinal injury/paralysis

  • Blindness

  • Deafness

  • Seizures

  • Retardation

  • Impaired motor/sensory skills

  • Death

Shaken baby syndrome signs and symptoms

Shaken Baby SyndromeSigns and Symptoms

  • Swelling of soft spot

  • Larger head than normal

  • Bleeding in the eyes

  • Unable to lift/turn head

  • Irritability

Shaken baby syndrome signs and symptoms1

Shaken Baby SyndromeSigns and symptoms

  • Excessive drowsiness

  • Difficulty breathing

  • Seizures

  • Projectile vomiting

  • Unresponsiveness

Harmless activities

Harmless Activities?

  • Tossing child in air repeatedly

  • Jogging with infant on back/shoulders

  • “Riding a horse”

  • “Cracking the whip”

Shaken baby syndrome prevention

Shaken Baby Syndrome Prevention

  • Never ever, ever shake a baby!!

  • ALWAYS support the baby’s head

  • Learn strategies to deal with crying

  • If shaken, take to ER immediately

Cultural practices

Cultural Practices

  • Vietnamese folk practice

    • Coining - Cao Gio

  • Mexican-American practice

    • Burns - “cupping”

    • Head Injuries - “fallen fontanelle”


Natural marks

Natural Marks

  • Mongolian Spots

  • Salmon Patches

  • Strawberry Marks

Emotional abuse

Emotional Abuse

Pattern of behavior

that interferes with the

positive emotional


and sense of self-worth

Emotional abuse1

Emotional Abuse

  • Rejection

  • Verbal assault

  • Withholding love

  • Terrorizing the child

Emotional abuse2

Emotional Abuse

  • Not providing basic nurturing

  • Refusing help for child’s mental health needs

  • Failure to provide physical/mental stimulation to grow

  • Exposure to domestic violence

Sexual abuse and unlawful sexual behavior

Sexual Abuse and Unlawful Sexual Behavior

“Touching” offenses, such as

  • Fondling

  • Intercourse, rape, sodomy

  • Child forced to touch perpetrator in sexual manner

Sexual abuse and unlawful sexual behavior1

Sexual Abuse and Unlawful Sexual Behavior

“Non-touching” offenses, such as

  • Indecent exposure or exhibitionism

  • Exposing children to pornographic material

  • Masturbating in front of a child

Symptoms of sexual abuse

Symptoms of Sexual Abuse

Symptoms can be physical, behavioral, or emotional, such as

  • Poor peer relationships

  • Pregnancy or sexually transmitted disease

  • Sexual acting out or sexual knowledge beyond that appropriate for age

Child neglect

Child Neglect

  • Failure to provide basic necessities

    • food

    • clothing

    • shelter

    • medical care

Types of neglect

Types of Neglect

  • Safety or Supervisional Neglect

    • inadequate supervision, abandonment, failure to safely store weapons or toxic materials

  • Educational Neglect

    • failure to enroll a child in school or attend to the child’s educational needs

  • Medical Neglect

    • withholding important medical care necessary to the child’s well being and health

What to do

What to do!!

  • Believe

  • Listen

  • Reassure

  • Rephrase

  • Inform

  • Report

What not to do

What NOT to do!!

  • Promise confidentiality

  • Panic or act shocked

  • Ask leading questions

  • Make negative comments about perpetrator

  • Suggest the abuse did not happen or the child is mistaken

Child protection

Child Protection

  • Contact your supervisor

  • Follow center policies and procedures

Child protection1

Child Protection

  • Reporting

  • Investigation

  • Child Protection Team

  • Court Process

  • Central Registry

Reporting child abuse neglect in your county

ReportingChild Abuse/Neglect in Your County

Know your local department of human services child protection hotline

You can find this information on-line:

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