Chapter Photo. Chapter Transparency. Mikhail Gorbachev’s policy known as glasnost, or openness, encouraged a free flow of ideas and information. Churches were allowed to open. Dissidents were released from prison. The policy allowed the publication of books by previously banned authors.
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E.Ronald Reagan called the Soviet Union an “evil empire.” He stimulated a new arms race with the Soviets and backed Afghani rebels.Section 1 DLN-4
C. Gorbachev’s “New Thinking” led to stunning changes, including the end of the Cold War.Section 1 DLN-7
E. When Gorbachev stopped giving military support to Communist governments in Eastern Europe, those regimes began to be overthrown. In 1989, a mostly peaceful revolutionary movement swept through Eastern Europe.Section 1 DLN-8
I. Yeltsin wanted a free market economy but faced economic and social disorder made worse by organized crime and Chechnya’s push for independence.Section 1 DLN-11
B. In 1990, the Yugoslav republics of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Macedonia worked for independence. Slobodan Milǒsević, leader of Serbia, rejected independence. In June 1991, Slovenia and Croatia declared their independence. In September 1991, the Yugoslavian army attacked Croatia.Section 2 DLN-6
B. In 1994, the EC became the principle organization within the European Union (EU). Most EU nations planned to abandon their currency in favor of the common European currency, the euro, by January 2002.Section 3 DLN-1
Richard Nixon bids his staff good-bye after resigning his job as president of the United States.Section 3 DLN-9
E. Republican George Bush was elected president after Reagan. He was unable to deal with the deficit problems or the economic downturn.Section 3 DLN-11
Saddam HusseinSection 3 DLN-13
C. In October 1999, the world’s population had reached 6 billion. In some wealthy areas the population is declining and “graying,” or growing older. Soon, the most populous nations in the world will be developing countries.Section 4 DLN-2
E. Since 1970, the number of women in the workforce has continued to rise. The Equal Pay Act was passed in the U.S. in 1963, requiring women to be paid the same as men for the same work.Section 4 DLN-3
G. Despite the women’s movement, women still earn less than men and many face the double burden of working outside and inside the home.Section 4 DLN-4
I. AIDS, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome, was discovered in 1981. More than 3 million people died of AIDS in 2003, and an estimated 40 million people live with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.Section 4 DLN-5
E. Most minority movements are peaceful. In Brittany, a region of France that is Celtic in language and power, local communities organize festivals called Fest Noz to celebrate their culture. The province of Quebec, Canada, has campaigned for independence from the rest of Canada for decades.Section 4 DLN-10
H. In 1996 the two sides signed the Good Friday Agreement, but the reluctance of the IRA to disarm threatens the peace.Section 4 DLN-12
a larger market for the exports of other nations; more competition in the global market
Western Europeans have put aside differences in the interests of unity.
sacrifice of national sovereigntySection Focus 3