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Post –Soviet Central Asia. 21 February 2007 Daniel Gray. Dissolution of the USSR. 8 December 1991 Declaration 31 December 1991 Republics are now independently governed. The Bosses. Emomali Rahmonov. Nursultan Nazarbayev. Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Tajikistan. Kazakhstan. Kyrgyzstan.

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post soviet central asia

Post –Soviet Central Asia

21 February 2007

Daniel Gray

dissolution of the ussr
Dissolution of the USSR

8 December 1991

Declaration

31 December 1991

Republics are now independently governed

the bosses
The Bosses

Emomali Rahmonov

Nursultan Nazarbayev

Kurmanbek Bakiyev

Tajikistan

Kazakhstan

Kyrgyzstan

the bosses1
The Bosses

Islom Karimov

Gurbanguly

Berdimuhammedow

Saparmurat Niyazov

“Turkmenbashi”

Uzbekistan

Turkmenistan

Karimova

nationalism
Nationalism
  • Ethnic discrimination in the USSR
    • Economically weak
  • Glasnost
  • Nationalist policies
  • 1992 Election - Rahmon Nabiev
    • Government/Moscow vs. Minorities, Democrats, Islamists
  • Rebels take control of Gov.
slide9
War
  • December 1992 - Rebels ousted from Dushanbe
  • Rakhmon Nabiyev replaced by Emomali Rahmonov
  • Reorganize in Afghanistan
  • Ethnic Cleansing
  • UN Peace Treaty 1997
security issues
Security Issues

Fundamentalism

  • Fergana Valley
radical terrorist groups
Radical/Terrorist Groups
  • Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)
  • Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT)
    • Non-violent?
operation enduring freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
  • Supported by all Central Asian States
    • Except Turkmenistan
  • Basing
    • Kyrgyzstan
    • Uzbekistan
slide13
WMD
  • Soviet Nuclear Legacy in Kazakhstan
    • Semipalatinsk Test Site
  • 181 cases of illicit trafficking of nuclear materials between 1993-2001
andijan uzbekistan 2005
Andijan, Uzbekistan 2005
  • 10 -11 May 2005
    • Protests against the arrest of 23 local businessmen
  • 12 May – Prison Break
  • 13 May – Massacre
  • Death Toll: 500 - 1000
aftermath
Aftermath
  • Western Response
  • Canceled support for Afghanistan mission
  • June 2005 - Pact with Russia
slide17
Oil
  • Bosporus Straits
  • Caspian Sea
  • How to Export??
  • Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline
mailuu suu kyrgyzstan
MAILUU-SUU, KYRGYZSTAN
  • Top 10 World’s Worst Polluted Places
  • Radioactive Dump
  • Earthquakes, Floods
  • Affects 23,000 people
    • Possibly Millions!
aral sea
Aral Sea
  • 1918 – Russia diverts

Amu Darya/Syr Darya Rivers

  • Poorly Designed Canal System
  • Fourth biggest inland sea
    • Now a desert
  • Biological Weapons Plant
    • Vozrozhdeniya Island
ad