The persian war
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THE PERSIAN WAR!!!. Chapter 4 Sec.3 . Turmoil…. In 500 BC Persians took over many Greek cities in Asia Minor ___________ sends help to rebel  failed Darius Response - . Belief. Persians believed they would easily conquer the small area of Greece

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THE PERSIAN WAR!!!

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The persian war

THE PERSIAN WAR!!!

Chapter 4 Sec.3


Turmoil

Turmoil…

  • In 500 BC Persians took over many Greek cities in Asia Minor

  • ___________ sends help to rebel  failed

  • Darius Response -


Belief

Belief

  • Persians believed they would easily conquer the small area of Greece

  • The battle ahead seemed like the least of their concerns

    THEY FORGOT ABOUT the _______________


Battle of marathon

Battle of Marathon

  • 490 BC – 20,000 Persians landed on the plain of Marathon

    • Short distance from __________

    • Baited them

    • 10,000 soldiers


The persian war

  • Athenians held back overlooking the plain

  • Persians change their plan of attack

  • Order of boarding the ship - _____________

  • BIG, HUGE MISTAKE!!!!

  • CHARGE


Legend

Legend

  • Athenians sent Pheidippides home with news – raced 25 miles from Marathon to Athens

  • Last words were “Victory”


Movie notes

Movie Notes


Xerx the jerk

“Xerx the Jerk”

  • Son of Darius – 486 BC

  • REVENGE IT WAS  180,000 TROOPS

  • Had slaves carry him on a golden thrown to overlook the total destruction of the Greeks


Greeks prepare

Greeks Prepare

  • Spartans send all warriors, Athens sends it Navy

  • PLAN under Athenian General Themistocles

    • Thermopylae


Battle at thermopylae

Battle at Thermopylae

  • Greeks were able to stall the Persians for roughly two days

  • A traitor told Persians to use a mountain pass to get around them and attack from the back

  • Greeks lost this battle, but gave Athenians time to assemble in the water


Movie notes1

Movie Notes


Battle of salamis

Battle of Salamis

  • Strait narrow strip  again Greek advantage – Why?

  • Threw burning wood onto ships to destroy them


Movie notes2

Movie Notes


The persian war

  • Persians burned the city of Athens when they reached on foot

  • 479 BC – created ______________ = largest Greek army to crush Persian army in Plataea

     Persians retreated to Asia Minor


Fall of the persian empire

Fall of the Persian Empire

  • Remained for 150 more years, but internal problems

    • Taxes

    • Fight over King

    • By 330 BC - __________________ was no match for the failing empire – last Persian king died


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