Don’t Sleep on It! Does Your Polysomnography Program Meet Current Standards?
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Don’t Sleep on It! Does Your Polysomnography Program Meet Current Standards?. Tom Smalling, EdD, RRT, RPFT, RPSGT, FAARC Executive Director. Conflict of Interest.

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Don t sleep on it does your polysomnography program meet current standards

Don’t Sleep on It! Does Your Polysomnography Program Meet Current Standards?

Tom Smalling, EdD, RRT, RPFT, RPSGT, FAARC

Executive Director


Conflict of interest

Conflict of Interest

I have no real or perceived conflict of interest that relates to this presentation. Any use of brand names is not in any way meant to be an endorsement of a specific product, but to merely illustrate a point of emphasis.

AARC Congress 2011


Objectives

Objectives

Learning objectives for this presentation:

  • Identify the entry pathways into the PSG accreditation system;

  • Describe the changes to the CoARC Standards relevant to the PSG program option;

  • Recognize the steps necessary to start a PSG program option.

AARC Congress 2011


What s covered

What’s Covered

  • Overview of Accredited PSG Programs

    • Entry Pathways into the PSG Accreditation System

    • Current Status of CoARC Programs

  • Changes to CoARC Accreditation Standards

  • Curricular Strategies

  • Sample program outlines

  • Sample instructional units

  • How do I get started? Resources

  • Question and answers

www.coarc.com


Overview of accredited psg programs

Overview of Accredited PSG Programs

Pathways into the PSG Accredited System

  • Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC)

    • Add-on component to respiratory care (base) program;

  • Committee on Accreditation for Education in Electroneurodiagnostic Technology (CoA-END)*

    • Add-on component to END (base) program;

  • Committee on Accreditation for Polysomnographic Technologist Education (CoA-PSG)*

    • Stand-alone program

      * CoA-END and CoA-PSG are Committees within the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)

www.coarc.com


Overview of accredited psg programs1

Overview of Accredited PSG Programs

  • Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC)

    • Must be current student or graduate of a CoARC-accredited program to enroll;

    • Graduates receive certificate of completion in addition to degree from RC program;

    • Graduates are eligible to take the Registered Polysomnographic Technologist Exam (RPSGT) administered by the Board of Registered Polysomnographic Technologists (BRPT) without additional on-the-job training (Pathway #3). Other credentialed RTs must complete 6 months FT OJT experience to become eligible.

    • Graduates are eligible to take the Sleep Disorders Specialty Exam (SDS) administered by the NBRC. Other credentialed CRTs must complete 6 months FT OJT experience to become eligible. RRTs must complete FT 3 months OJT experience.

www.coarc.com


Overview of accredited psg programs2

Overview of Accredited PSG Programs

  • Committee on Accreditation for Education in Electroneurodiagnostic Technology (CoA-END)

    • Must be current student or graduate of a CoA-END-accredited program to enroll;

    • Graduates of the add-on receive certificate of completion and may also earn a degree from END program (not required);

    • Graduates are eligible to take the Registered Polysomnographic Technologist Exam (RPSGT) administered by the Board of Registered Polysomnographic Technologists (BRPT) without additional on-the-job training (Pathway #3).

    • Graduates are not eligible to take the NBRC SDS Exam.

www.coarc.com


Overview of accredited psg programs3

Overview of Accredited PSG Programs

  • Committee on Accreditation for Polysomnographic Technologist Education (CoA-PSG)

    • Program enrollment is open to students in post-secondary academic institutions and accredited sleep centers;

    • Graduates receive a certificate of completion and may also earn a degree from PSG program (not required);

    • Graduates are eligible to take the Registered Polysomnographic Technologist Exam (RPSGT) administered by the Board of Registered Polysomnographic Technologists (BRPT) without additional on-the-job training (Pathway #3).

    • Graduates are not eligible to take the NBRC SDS Exam.

www.coarc.com


Overview of accredited psg programs4

Overview of Accredited PSG Programs

Current Numbers/Types of PSG Programs

  • Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC)

    • 8 Total (4 Associates; 5 Baccalaureate)

  • Committee on Accreditation for Education in Electroneurodiagnostic Technology (CoA-END)*

    • 13 Total (1 Diploma; 6 Certificate; 10 Associate; 1 on-line/distance)

  • Committee on Accreditation for Polysomnographic Technologist Education (CoA-PSG)*

    • 39 Total (31 Certificate; 13 Associates; 6 on-line/distance)

www.coarc.com


Purpose of standards

Purpose of Standards

  • Outlines the minimum requirements to which an accredited respiratory care program is accountable.

  • Used for the development, evaluation, and self-analysis of respiratory care programs.

  • Provides the basis on which the CoARC confers or denies program accreditation.

www.coarc.com


Standard i program administration and sponsorship

Standard I – Program Administration and Sponsorship

  • Institutional Accreditation

  • Consortium

  • Sponsor Responsibilities

  • Program Location

  • Substantive Changes

  • Affiliate Agreements

www.coarc.com


Standard ii institutional and personnel resources

Standard II – Institutional and Personnel Resources

  • Institutional Resources

  • Personnel Resources

  • Key Program Personnel

  • Program Director

  • Director of Clinical Education

  • Medical Director

  • Instructional Faculty

  • Administrative and Support Staff

www.coarc.com


Coarc policy 6 01 e primary psg instructor

CoARC Policy 6.01 E – Primary PSG Instructor

  • There must be a Sleep Disorders Specialist (CRT-SDS or RRT-SDS) or a Registered Polysomnographic Technologist (RPSGT), (who is preferably also a Registered Respiratory Therapist), designated as the primary instructor for that portion of the program.

  • While this individual may be either of the two Key Personnel noted above, (should s/he meet sleep specialist qualifications), under those circumstances the program must show that these additional responsibilities are not adversely affecting the education of those students enrolled in the base Respiratory Care program.

www.coarc.com


Coarc policy 6 01 e primary psg instructor1

CoARC Policy 6.01 E – Primary PSG Instructor

  • In addition to the CRT-SDS, RRT-SDS, or RPSGT credential, this individual must possess at least an Associate Degree, and have at least two (2) years of clinical experience in sleep technology.

  • It is recommended that the individual should have at least one (1) year’s experience in an appropriate teaching position.

www.coarc.com


Standard iii program goals outcomes and assessment

Standard III – Program Goals, Outcomes, and Assessment

  • Statement of Program Goals

  • Assessment of Program Goals

  • Assessment of Program Resources

  • Student Evaluation

  • Assessment of Program Outcomes

  • Reporting Program Outcomes

  • Clinical Site Evaluation

www.coarc.com


Standard iii program goals outcomes and assessment1

Standard III – Program Goals, Outcomes, and Assessment

  • Standard 3.01 –

    …For programs offering the polysomnography option, the program must have the following additional goal defining minimum expectations:

    “To prepare sleep disorder specialists with demonstrated competence in the cognitive (knowledge), psychomotor (skills), and affective (behavior) learning domains of polysomnography practice as performed by sleep disorder specialists (SDS).”

www.coarc.com


Standard iii program goals outcomes and assessment2

Standard III – Program Goals, Outcomes, and Assessment

  • Standard 3.03 -

    Program goals must be compatible with nationally accepted standards of roles and functions of registered respiratory therapists and registered sleep disorders specialists for programs offering the polysomnography option.

www.coarc.com


Optional psg program goals

Optional PSG Program Goals

  • Facilitate the entry of working therapists wishing to cross-train into this specialty.

  • Provide graduates with the opportunity to obtain specialized training and be eligible to take the national credentialing exam upon completion of the certificate.

www.coarc.com


Standard iii program goals outcomes and assessment3

Standard III – Program Goals, Outcomes, and Assessment

  • Standard 3.13 -

    The program must, at a minimum, meet the assessment thresholds established by CoARC for the following program outcomes, regardless of location and instructional methodology used: a) Graduate performance on the national credentialing examination for entry into practice; b) Programmatic retention/attrition; c) Graduate satisfaction with program; d) Employer satisfaction with program; and e) Job placement.

www.coarc.com


Standard iv curriculum

Standard IV– Curriculum

  • Minimum Course Content

  • Minimum Competencies

  • Length of Study

  • Equivalency

  • Clinical Practice

www.coarc.com


Standard iv curriculum1

Standard IV– Curriculum

  • Standard 4.07 -

    …For the polysomnography option, curricular content must be periodically reviewed and revised to ensure its consistency with the competencies and duties performed by sleep disorder specialists in the workforce, as established by the national credentialing agency through its periodic job analysis and outlined in its credentialing examination specifications. These nationally accepted standards provide the basis for formulating the objectives and competencies of the program’s curriculum…

www.coarc.com


Nbrc sds detailed content outline comparison with curriculum

NBRC SDSDetailed ContentOutlineComparisonwithCurriculum

www.coarc.com


Curricular strategies

Curricular Strategies

  • Curriculum content and length, and documentation of student progress must be designed to enable achievement of program goals and objectives.

  • Curricular content must be designed to supplement as well as take advantage of the comprehensive didactic, laboratory, and clinical instruction already established in a respiratory care curriculum.

  • For instance, while respiratory care program curricula provide significant instruction on positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy, respiratory therapy students enrolled in an optional polysomnography program would learn about the distinct application of PAP devices within the context of the sleep laboratory.

www.coarc.com


Curricular strategies1

Curricular Strategies

  • Learning and clinical resources must be appropriate to the program’s goals and should be available to students outside of regular classroom hours.

  • Physician input, preferably those who are Board-certified in sleep medicine, should also be adequate.

  • Program competencies should provide the basis for deriving the objectives and activities constituting the program's curriculum. 

  • The competencies stated and the curriculum objectives derived should be consistent with the level of practitioner preparation delineated in the program's goals, and should encompass the knowledge, technical expertise and behavior expected of graduates.

www.coarc.com


Curricular strategies2

Curricular Strategies

  • The curriculum must include an appropriate sequence of learning experiences consisting of classroom and laboratory presentations, discussions, demonstrations, and supervised laboratory and clinical practice that progresses in sequence from entry-level cognitive, psychomotor, and affective components of instruction to more advanced levels.

  • Clearly written course syllabi which describe learning objectives and competencies must be developed for each of the didactic, laboratory, and clinical components.

  • Clinical affiliates should conform to professional standards, such as those established by the AASM, JCAHO, and by other health care accrediting entities where appropriate.

www.coarc.com


Curricular strategies3

Curricular Strategies

  • The above strategies are not meant to be all-inclusive, but are attentive and consistent with current accreditation standards and practices.

  • The polysomnography curriculum should be designed in such a way as to addresses the unique characteristics and constraints of each respiratory therapy program.

  • What works well for a university-based, baccalaureate respiratory therapy program with 10-week modular curricula, for example, will not necessarily work for a semester-based, associate degree community college program.

www.coarc.com


Sample program curriculum

Sample Program Curriculum

  • LAST SEMESTER (YEAR 1)

    • OBSERVATIONAL CLINICAL IN A SLEEP LABORATORY

  • FIRST SEMESTER (YEAR 2)

    • PSG LECTURE I -------------------------- 20 contact hoursPSG LAB I ----------------------------------- 30 contact hours

    • PSG CLINICAL I --------------------------- 80 contact hours

  • SECOND SEMESTER (YEAR 2)

    • PSG LECTURE II -------------------------- 20 contact hours

    • PSG LAB II ----------------------------------- 30 contact hours

    • PSG CLINICAL II --------------------------- 80 contact hours

      TOTAL CONTACT HOURS: 260

www.coarc.com


Sample program curriculum1

Sample Program Curriculum

www.coarc.com


Sample program curriculum2

Sample Program Curriculum

First Term

Course Title Credits

PSG 1000 Polysomnographic Technology I 3

PSG 1000L Polysomnographic Technology Laboratory I 1

PSG 1800L Polysomnographic Technology Clinical Practicum I 1

Total Credits 5

Second Term

Course Title Credits

PSG 1001 Polysomnographic Technology II 3

PSG 1001L Polysomnographic Technology Laboratory II 1

PSG 1801L Polysomnographic Technology Clinical Practicum II 1

Total Credits 5

Total Certificate Credits 10

www.coarc.com


Typical sequence of instructional units

Typical Sequence of Instructional Units

  • Medical Terminology related to Sleep

  • Patient and Laboratory Safety Issues

  • Procedures/Documentation for Initiating Sleep Studies

  • Electrode Theory/Instrumentation

  • Patient Preparation Procedures/International 10-20 System

  • Neuroanatomy and Physiology

  • Intro to sleep architecture/sleep stages

  • Ancillary equipment application

  • Signal processing

  • Montage selection/Equipment calibration

  • Physiologic Calibrations/Lights Out Procedures

  • Sleep disorders pathophysiology

www.coarc.com


Typical sequence of instructional units1

Typical Sequence of Instructional Units

  • Monitoring procedures

  • Sleep microanatomy and architecture

  • Sleep pathophysiology

  • PSG record staging (R&K/AASM)

  • Event recognition (Limb movement; Respiratory; Cardiac; Neuro)

  • Sleep Pharmacology

  • Sleep Calculations

  • Pediatric PSG

  • MSLT/MWT

  • Data archiving/Report generation

  • Therapeutic Interventions (PAP, surgical, non-surgical)

  • Sleep lab/center management

  • Treatment plans (development/implementation/evaluation)

www.coarc.com


Standard v fair practices and recordkeeping

Standard V– Fair Practices and Recordkeeping

  • Disclosure

  • Non-discriminatory Practice

  • Safeguards

  • Academic Guidance

  • Student Identification

  • Student Records

  • Program Records

www.coarc.com


How do i get started

How do I get started?

CoARC Policy 2.01

  • All sponsors must have an accredited base program. A base program holding continuing accreditation with no pending progress reports may expand its offerings by adding a Polysomnography Specialty, or Satellite (U.S. or International).

www.coarc.com


Accreditation policy change

Accreditation Policy Change

CoARC Policy Change to go into effect as of March 2012:

  • Polysomnography Program Option referred to as Sleep Specialist Program Option (SSPO);

    • More accurate/appropriate description of the respiratory therapist’s role in the sleep field;

    • Alignment with description used by NBRC.

www.coarc.com


How do i get started1

How do I get started?

  • Initiation of Accreditation (CoARC Policy 2.03)

    • Letter of Intent Application- SSPO

      • Advisory Committee support;

      • Letters of support from affiliates;

      • Establishes maximum enrollment.

      • $250 application fee

    • Action by CoARC Board (Approval/Denial of Intent)

    • Enrollment of students for the first class must occur within six (6) months of the date of the Approval of Intent.

www.coarc.com


How do i get started2

How do I get started?

  • Initiation of Accreditation (CoARC Policy 2.03)

    • Submit a CoARC Accreditation Services Application;

    • Sleep Specialist Initial Accreditation Self Study Report (ISSR-Sleep) – submitted within 3 months after enrollment of first class;

    • $500 self-study fee;

    • On-Site Review – conducted within 3-5 months after ISSR;

    • Action by CoARC (Initial Accreditation or Withhold of Initial Accreditation);

      • Initial Accreditation for 5 years

    • $500 annual fee.

www.coarc.com


How do i get started3

How do I get started?

  • Perform a needs assessment;

    • Interest from the community; Assess your resources;

    • Find a qualified primary PSG instructor/facility;

  • Obtain support/feedback from administration, advisory committee, and medical director; co-medical director?

  • Go to www.coarc.com, download and review the Letter of intent application and self study;

  • Network with colleagues.

  • www.coarc.com


    What resources are at my disposal

    What resources are at my disposal???

    • www.coarc.com

      • Application for Accreditation Services

      • Policies and Standards

      • Listof currently accredited PSG-add on programs

    • www.aarc.org

      • Specialty sections in sleep& education ([email protected])

    • www.nbrc.org

      • SDS exam content and administration; state practice acts

    • www.brpt.org

      • RPSGT exam content and administration

    www.coarc.com


    Coarc executive office

    CoARC Executive Office

    For any questions, contact the Executive Office at:

    1248 Harwood Road

    Bedford, TX 76021

    (817) 283-2835

    [email protected]

    www.coarc.com


    Don t sleep on it does your polysomnography program meet current standards

    Questions and Answers

    www.coarc.com


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