american organized crime in the 20 th century
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American Organized Crime in the 20 th Century. Organized Crime. Defining organized crime Activities Combating Organized Crime Prohibition and Al Capone Kefauver Hearings of 1950-1952 McClellan Hearings of 1963 Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 RICO Witness Protection Program.

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Presentation Transcript
organized crime
Organized Crime
  • Definingorganized crime
  • Activities
  • Combating Organized Crime
  • Prohibition and Al Capone
  • Kefauver Hearings of 1950-1952
  • McClellan Hearings of 1963
  • Organized Crime Control Act of 1970
    • RICO
    • Witness Protection Program
defining organized crime
Defining Organized Crime
  • No official definition has been offered for two reasons
    • A definition may be too narrow
    • A definition may be too wide
chief activities of organized crime
Chief activities of organized crime
  • Drug trafficking
  • Illegal gambling
  • Loan sharking
  • Labor racketeering
  • Corruption of public officials
combating organized crime
Combating Organized Crime
  • Organized crime was difficult to combat in the early 20th Century because it was not considered a national issue
  • Early attempts at combating organized crime failed
prohibition and al capone
Prohibition and Al Capone
  • Prohibition caused the greatest growth in organized crime activity ever seen in the U.S.
  • Al Capone’s empire was responsible for an amazing amount of violence and corruption
  • Eliot Ness and the “Untouchables”
  • Capone’s fall and repeal of Prohibition
kefauver hearings of 1950 1952
Kefauver Hearings of 1950-1952
  • First major committee centered on organized crime
  • Had high-profile mob figures present
  • Helped the federal government better recognize targets
  • Led to McClellan Hearings
mcclellan hearings of 1963
McClellan Hearings of 1963
  • Featured Joseph Valachi, who first publicized the term “La Cosa Nostra”
    • Valachi described the organization of the Mafia
    • Led to models of organized crime as a bureaucracy being presented
  • Resulted in more effort from the federal government to pass legislation
organized crime control act of 1970
Organized Crime Control Act of 1970
  • The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act was a helpful, but confusing tool
    • United States v. Turkette
  • Witness Protection Program
    • Offers informer alternatives other than jail or the streets
    • Responsible for bringing down America’s most recent notable Mafia figure
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