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Road crashes data collection and analysis systems in West Africa. SSATP Annual Meeting Lilongwe (Malawi) October 19-22, 2009. Summary. Road crashes data collection: scope and purpose Standard data collection process Critical areas Collecting the relevant information

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Road crashes data collection and analysis systems in west africa

Road crashes data collection and analysis systems in West Africa

SSATP Annual Meeting

Lilongwe (Malawi)

October 19-22, 2009


Summary
Summary Africa

  • Road crashes data collection: scope and purpose

  • Standard data collection process

  • Critical areas

    • Collecting the relevant information

    • Fowarding the information

    • Processing the information

    • Using the information

  • Way foward


Scope and purpose of road crashes information systems
Scope and purpose of road crashes information systems Africa

  • Road crashes data collection and analysis can focus on two different levels:

    • Macro-accidentology : recording all road accidents which resulted in deaths or injuries, with a sufficient level of detail on each one in order to classify the problems

    • Micro-accidentology: the focus is on understanding the exact causes and circumstances of the crash, for a limited number of serious accidents


Survey
Survey Africa

  • Between 1993 and 2005, ISTED introduced the BAAC system (road crash data collection and analysis) in 9 francophone countries, to provide statistically relevant information on road accidents, which resulted into casualties or injuries (macro-accidentology)

  • Three countries were retained for a review of good practices and recommendations under a GRSP funding : Benin, Mali and Senegal


Standard process
Standard process Africa

  • Whenever a road accident which resulted into casulaties or injuries occurs, the police is called on location:

    • Police in urban areas

    • Gendarmerie outside

  • The BAAC system is primarily a form comprising a detailed description of the main circumstances of the road accident

  • The form is updated with follow-up of victims’ fate

  • Forms are fowarded to road safety divisions of the ministry in charge of transport to capture on the BAAC database

  • The ministry in charge of transport prepare an analysis for review of road safety policies and monitoring of their effectiveness


The reality of the process
The reality of the process Africa

  • There are four critical areas in the standard process which require special attention:

    • Collecting the relevant information by the police

    • Forwarding the information from the police to the ministry in charge of transport

    • Capturing the information on the BAAC system

    • Analysing, using and disseminating the information


Collecting the information
Collecting the information Africa

  • The police is the key actor for the collection of information on road accidents

  • Yet:

    • Accident forms are not seen as a priority or even a regular duty

    • Definitions not always in line with international standards (death at 30 days, confusion between crashes and vehicles, etc.)

    • Follow up of victims with health services not systematic


Forwarding the information to the ministry in charge of transport
Forwarding the information to the ministry in charge of transport

  • La taux de remontée entre les accidents constatés par les forces de l'ordre et les fiches BAAC est faibles, et la plupart du temps insuffisant pour permettre une utilisation statistique des bases existantes :

    • Il est nécessaire de définir un mécanisme de suivi de la création puis de la transmission des fiches BAAC au ministère chargé des transports

    • Il est nécessaire de convaincre les forces de l'ordre que ceci est part intégrante de leur mission


Traitement de l information dans la base baac
Traitement de l'information dans la base BAAC transport

  • Des modifications mineurs sont nécessaires sur la base de données, pour ajouter de la flexibilité et de la pertinence dans les informations contenues

  • Renforcement des capacités et ressources humaines suffisantes pour les unités sécurité routière :

    • Saisie

    • Analyse

    • Relation avec les forces de l'ordre


Analyse et diss mination
Analyse et dissémination transport

  • Point sur certains facteurs de risque spécifiques pour préparer des campagnes de sensibilisation ciblées

  • Retour d'information vers l'ensemble des parties prenantes de la sécurité routière (forces de l'ordre, services d'urgence, santé, etc.) pour présenter les résultats de leur contribution, et ainsi maintenir leur adhésion

  • Outil de diagnostic pour l'adoption de politiques de sécurité routière adaptées, puis instrument de mesure de leur efficacité


Les suites donner
Les suites à donner transport

  • L'étude des systèmes a permis d'identifier deux zones potentielles pour des améliorations

  • Le rôle des forces de l'ordre :

    • Définition d'un module de formation spécifique sécurité routière à intégrer dans le cursus initial des futurs agents

    • Clarification des définitions (adoption des standards internationaux)

    • Le suivi des transmission vers le ministère en charge des transports

  • Ajustement de la structure de la base BAAC :

    • Nouvelles fonctionnalités (SIG par exemple)

    • Meilleure allocation des champs entre les tables

    • Raffinements dans les champs (port de la ceinture, etc.)


Je vous remercie de votre attention

Je vous remercie de votre attention transport

[email protected]

ISTED

La Grande Arche – Paroi Nord

92055 La Défense Cedex

France


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