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The Industrial Revolution, Nationalism, and Imperialism. Honors Western Civilization Mrs. Civitella. The Agricultural Revolution. Cause Effect. building of dikes (earthen walls) crop rotation seed drill Farm journals Enclosure

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the industrial revolution nationalism and imperialism

The Industrial Revolution, Nationalism, and Imperialism

Honors Western Civilization

Mrs. Civitella

cause effect

The Agricultural Revolution

Cause Effect

building of dikes (earthen walls)

crop rotation

seed drill

Farm journals


Reduction in the need for tenant farmers

stopped rising waters from ruining farm land

Made land more fertile

Made planting and harvesting more orderly and productive

Allowed farmers to share techniques

Kept livestock in, allowed for orderly and efficient farming

Movement to cities and towns where employment and housing was available

The industrial revolution began with an agricultural revolution

increase in population
Increase in population
  • Increase in agricultural production led to an increase in population
  • In Great Britain, population went from 5 million in 1700, to 9 million in 1800
  • Increase in population actually from a decrease in death rates
  • Dying from famine became less likely
  • Hygiene and medical care also improved
the steam engine
The Steam Engine

Coal was burned to create steam

Originally to pump water out of mines

Iron was first used to make machines

First built by Thomas Newcomen in 1712

Improved upon by James Watt in 1769


Mercantilism- economic policy where a government sought to export more than it imported in order to increase the size of its treasury


Taking colonies for raw materials and new markets

Increase the size of a country’s navy to protect merchant shipping

agricultural revolution venn diagram
Agricultural Revolution Venn Diagram

Look at the list of effects of the agricultural revolution and determine if they should be in the economic circle, in the social circle, or in the overlapping circle:

  • Increase in the quantity of food products
  • Increase in nutrition
  • Increase in population
  • Movement to the cities
  • New industrial jobs
  • Capital for investment in other businesses
  • Support of the government for business
transportation revolution
Transportation Revolution

Look at the list of effects of the transportation revolution and determine if they should be in the economic circle, in the social circle, or in the overlapping circle:

  • Way to get agricultural and industrial products to new markets
  • New jobs in transportation (iron, steel, railroads, canals, turnpikes, steamships)
  • Travel to and from jobs
  • Travel for leisure
the spread of the industrial revolution
The Spread of the industrial revolution
  • Britain tried to prevent their textile inventions from leaving the country
  • Belgium became the next nation to industrialize
  • Germany, France and the U.S. joined in industrialization by 1850
  • Germany and the U.S. became industrial leaders
  • As a result of the Industrial Revolution, Western powers came to dominate the world
  • Countries began to compete for raw materials and new markets throughout the world
the development of corporations
The development of Corporations

What is the definition of a corporation?

Businesses that are owned by many investors who buy shares of stock

What is the definition of a monopoly?

Complete control of a product or business by one person or group

What are some monopolies that you can think of in your lifetime or life experience?

building a german nation
Building a German nation
  • In the early 1800s, most German-speaking people were loyal to their own states
  • From 1807-1812, Napoleon of France raided German lands
  • Feelings of nationalism stirred in those who fought French rule
  • After Prussia led the German people into three wars, the movement grew among the German people for unification
  • In 1871, the German states united under William I, called Kaiser (emperor)
strengthening germany industrially
Strengthening Germany Industrially
  • After Germany unified in 1871, it became the leader of industry in Europe
  • Germany had plenty of coal and iron
  • Population boom, growing supply of both workers and consumers
  • Government support of industry and a buildup of the military
kaiser william ii
Kaiser William II

In 1888, William II succeeded his grandfather as Kaiser

Like his grandfather, William II spent huge amounts of money on the military

militarism- glorification of the military

William II increased the size of the German navy to win an overseas empire like Britain and France

He would be the German leader that would instigate WWI

the austrian hungarian empire
The Austrian Hungarian Empire

The Hapsburgs had controlled the Holy Roman Empire for 400 years before Napoleon began to take over parts of their empire in 1800

Since the Congress of Vienna 1822, the Hapsburg’s resisted reforms to their rule

Industrialization began to change the lives and attitudes of the people of Eastern Europe

Nationalism began to emerge throughout the various ethnic groups

Nationalism- a strong feeling of devotion and pride to one’s company

austria hungary
  • In 1867, the leaders of Hungary worked out a deal with Austria
  • They set up the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary
  • The emperor of Austria ruled as King of Hungary but Austria and Hungary were separate states
  • Each made its own laws

Imperialism- domination by one country of the political and economic life of another country

From 1870-1914, the major nations of Europe searched for new colonies


  • Their industries needed raw materials
  • They needed new markets for their products
  • Their navy needed bases to protect their interests
forms of colonial rule
Forms of colonial rule
  • direct rule- sent officers from European country to run the government and economy of a colony
  • indirect rule- the European country chose people from the colony to run the government and the economy
  • protectorate- local rulers stayed in place but European advisors controlled trade and sent missionaries
  • sphere of influence- an outside power claimed all rights to make investments or conduct trade
impact of imperialism
Impact of Imperialism
  • The industrial nations of Britain, France, Germany, and the U.S. controlled a new global economy
  • They sent goods, investment money, and knowledge to the rest of the world
  • In Africa, Asia, and Latin America supplied natural resources, farm crops, and cheap labor
  • Spread western culture (religion, forms of government, ideology)
imperialism led to conflict
Imperialism led to conflict
  • At times, more than one European nation tried to gain the same colony
  • Tensions rose as each feared the other would build a stronger empire
  • One of the major causes of WWI