16/07/2014. Crude oil. L.O. I know what crude oil is and how it is made. I know how crude oil is separated industrially. Write the titles in your books then cut and stick the first 4 pictures into your books. How Oil and Gas are Made Cut and stick the first 4 pictures into your book
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How Oil and Gas are Made
Cut and stick the first 4 pictures into your book
in the correct order and cut and match the
correct description to go with each picture.
How we get Oil and Gas
Repeat for the next 4 pictures.
When they died they sank to the bottom and were slowly covered by mud and sand.
Millions of years ago there were tiny sea creatures and plants living in the sea.
After millions of years and a lot of squeezing, the mud changed into rock and the dead creatures and plants into
oil and gas.
As more layers of mud fell on top they were buried deeper and squeezed.
How we get Oil and Gas
The oil and gas are held in tiny spaces in the rock. (Like water in a sponge).
Sometimes the layers of rock become folded. (like hills and valleys).
Sometimes the oil and gas get trapped in the top of a fold underneath the solid layer of rock. Oil and gas companies can drill through the solid rock to get to the oil and gas.
The oil and gas are light so they move upward through the rock until they reach a solid rock layer that they cannot get through.
Crude oil is a mixture of h__________.
Hydrocarbons contain only h_______ and c_______
M_______ is the smallest hydrocarbon. The size of the
hydrocarbon affects its p_______
Small chain hydrocarbon m_______ have low boiling
points and are pale, fl_______, non viscous liquids or
Long chain hydrocarbon molecules have high boiling
points and are d___, viscous liquids or waxy s_____.
Although we can get u______ substances from oil,
crude oil itself has no uses.
In order to make crude oil into useful substances we
first have to s_______ the mixture into molecules of
similar size. This is done in an oil r______.
Burned in the refinery to fuel the distillation process, sold as LPG, purified and sold as bottled camping gas
Fuel for cars and motorcycles, also used to make chemicals.
Used to make chemicals.
Fuel for greenhouse heaters and jet engines, manufacture of chemicals.
Fuel for lorries, trains.
Fuel for the heating systems of large buildings, fuel for ships, lubricating oil.
Roofing, and road surfaces.