Chapter 8. America Secedes from the Empire. Essential Question. To what degree was Great Britain unfair to the colonists?. A Thin Line of Heroes. Very few colonists actually fought. There were many Loyalists, especially in New York and Virginia.
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America Secedes from the Empire
Washington’s best general!
George Washington was chosen for his integrity, courage, and moral character
A bold move to capture Montreal and Quebec failed.
German Hessians had little loyalty to the British army and were quick to desert when times got tough.
My book, Common Sense, convinces many colonists to fight for independence.
The victory at Saratoga convinces the French to get involved in the war.
General Burgoyne gets defeated at Saratoga, New York.
self-interest trumps ideals baby!
Lots of Loyalists in New York City, New Jersey, Quaker Pennsylvania, and the Carolinas.
Lots of Patriots in New England
Indians mostly sided with the British because they wanted to contain colonial westward expansion.
General Cornwallis was defeated at Yorktown, Virginia, with the help of the French navy.
Prime Minister North is demoralized.
King George III wants to fight more.
Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams were crafty and negotiated with the British behind France’s back. They negotiated a lot of land west of the Appalachians.
The Whigs replace the Tories in Parliament. The Whigs wanted peace and friendly relations in the future.
France wanted America to stay east of the Appalachian Mountains (France wanted to reward Spain for helping in the war by giving them lots of land in the West).
America makes out like a bandit!