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Sofia Strömbergsson, Jens Edlund & David House KTH Speech , Music and Hearing Stockholm, Sweden. Prosodic measurements and question types in the Spontal corpus of Swedish dialogues. VariQ. Investigate and describe intonational variation in questions in spontaneous dialogue .

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sofia str mbergsson jens edlund david house kth speech music and hearing stockholm sweden
Sofia Strömbergsson, Jens Edlund & David House

KTH Speech, Music and Hearing

Stockholm, Sweden

Prosodic measurements and question types in the Spontal corpus of Swedish dialogues

variq
VariQ

Investigate and describe intonational variation in questions in spontaneousdialogue.

Is there a standard typeofquestion intonation?

question intonation
Question intonation
  • Declarative => Interrogative

”You like apples.” vs. ”You like apples?”

  • Different questiontypes, different intonation

Y/N questions: Wh-questions:

  • Where is the rise in conversationalspeech?
spontal corpus
Spontal corpus
  • 60 hoursofdialogue / 120 half-hour sessions
  • Talk freelyaboutanything
question extraction
Questionextraction
  • 24 dialoguesubset (= 12 hours)
  • Talkspurts based on voice-activity/silence
  • Orthographictranscriptions
  • Twoannotators tag ”questions”

908 talkspurts withquestion tag

600selected

(Spontal balance, 2+ annotatorsagreeing)

question markup
Questionmarkup
  • Q1: [Y/N] [Wh] [Alt’s] [Other]
  • Q2: [Required] [Optional] [Prohibited]
  • Q3: [Forward] [Backward]
  • Q4: [Reported] [Direct]

Ser du attdetärhålibotten?

Do you see there’s a hole in the bottom?

question types
Questiontypes
  • Q1:
  • Q2:
  • Q3:
  • Q4:

Y/N > Wh >> Alt’s & Other

Required >> Optional > Prohibited

Forward >> Backward

Direct >> Reported

prosodic measures
Prosodicmeasures

TIME

Duration

Speech rate

PITCH

Variation

Rising/Falling intonation

DIFF: (Avg pitch)2ndHalf - (Avg pitch)1stHalf

duration
Duration

Is that Obama or Romney?

  • Significantdifferencesbetween (almost) all Q1 categories

Is that Obama?

Who’sthat?

  • Forward-directedquestionslonger
speech rate
Speech rate
  • Otherareslower

Is thattrue?!

Didyou?!

Oh yeah…?

  • Optionalareslower
  • Backwardareslower
pitch variation
Pitch variation
  • Morevaried pitch in questionstowhichanswersareOptional

Is thattrue?!

Didyou?!

  • Morevaried pitch in Backward-directedquestions
  • Reflectingattitude?
rising falling intonation
Rising/Falling intonation
  • Y/Nfalling, Whrising (or flat)
  • Forwardfalling, Backwardrising (or flat) – butlarge variation
rising f alling intonation cont
Rising/Falling intonation (cont.)

Jaha?

Oh yeah?

Tycker du inte?

Don’t you think?

Ärdetsant?

Is that true?

Vadsa du?

What’d you say?

Rising intonation signalling

non-understanding/non-acceptance?

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Strengthsofcodingscheme:
    • General
    • Quick-and-easy
    • Orthogonal, allowsclusteringacross different dimensions
  • Interplayacross different dimensions

Optional + Backward

Other + Optional + Backward

More pitch variation

Slower

Attitude?

Uncertainty?

Non-agreement?

question markup1
Questionmarkup
  • Q1: [Y/N] [Wh] [Alt’s] [Other]
  • Q2: [Required] [Optional] [Prohibited]
  • Q3: [Forward] [Backward]
  • Q4: [Reported] [Direct]

Vadbetyderdet?

What does that mean?

rising falling intonation cont
Rising/Falling intonation (cont.)
  • DIFF: Y/N falling, Wh rising; Backwardrising

But… confusionwithsentence focus?

  • PROS: No significantdependencies…
summary prosodic measures
Summary: Prosodicmeasures
  • Duration: Dependent on numberofalt’s
  • Speech rate: Slowreflectinguncertainty?
  • Pitch variation: Reflectingattitude?
  • Rising/Falling intonation:
    • DIFF: Dependent on sentence focus?
    • PROS: Not dependent on questiontype
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