El presente de indicativo:
Download
1 / 18

El presente de indicativo: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 115 Views
  • Uploaded on

El presente de indicativo:. I work. I am working. I do work. To form the present indicative tense you…. … drop the –ar, -er, -ir ending of the infinitive and add the following endings:. AR Yo o Tú as Él Ella a Ud. Nosotros(as) amos Vosotros(as) áis Ellos Ellas an Uds. ER Yo o

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' El presente de indicativo:' - bryar-skinner


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

El presente de indicativo:

  • I work.

  • I am working.

  • I do work.


To form the present indicative tense you….

… drop the –ar, -er, -ir ending of the infinitive and add the following endings:

AR

Yo o

Tú as

Él

Ella a

Ud.

Nosotros(as) amos

Vosotros(as) áis

Ellos

Ellas an

Uds.

ER

Yo o

Tú es

Él

Ella e

Ud.

Nosotros(as) emos

Vosotros(as) éis

Ellos

Ellas en

Uds.

IR

Yo o

Tú es

Él

Ella e

Ud.

Nosotros(as) imos

Vosotros(as) ís

Ellos

Ellas en

Uds.


Certain verbs are irregular in the present tense but they do follow patterns….

Certain verbs have irregular “YO” forms but then are normal:

poner

pones

pone

ponemos

ponéis

ponen

hacer

haces

hace

hacemos

hacéis

hacen

caer

caes

cae

caemos

caéis

caen

traer

traes

trae

traemos

traéis

traen

salir

sales

sale

salimo

salís

salen

pongo

hago

caigo

traigo

salgo


Certain verbs are irregular in the present tense but they do follow patterns….

Certain verbs have irregular “YO” forms but then are normal:

caber

cabes

cabe

cabemos

cabéis

caben

saber

sabes

sabe

sabemos

sabéis

saben

dar

das

da

damos

dais

dan

estar

estás

está

estamos

estáis

están

quepo

doy

estoy


Certain verbs are irregular in the present tense but they do follow patterns….

Certain verbs have irregular “YO” forms and are stem changers:

Tener

tienes

tiene

tenemos

tenéis

tienen

venir

vienes

viene

venimos

venís

vienen

decir

dices

dice

decimos

decís

dicen

tengo

vengo

digo


The verb “o follow patterns….ír” has an irregular “yo” form and also adds a “y” in all forms except for “nosotros” and “vosotros”. In addition, an accent mark is added to the “í” in the verb endings:

Oír

oyes

oye

oímos

oís

oyen

oigo


The verb “ follow patterns….haber” has irregular forms except for “vosotros” in the present tense.

Haber

he

has

ha

hemos

han

habéis


The verbs “ follow patterns….ser” and “ir”have irregular forms in the present tense…

Ser

soy

eres

es

somos

sois

son

Ir

voy

vas

va

vamos

vais

van


Certain verbs stem change in the present tense in all persons except for “nosotros” and “vosotros”. These verbs are also known as shoe verbs….

e>ie (preferir)

o>ue (volver)

prefiero

preferimos

vuelvo

volvemos

prefieres

preferís

vuelves

volvéis

prefiere

prefieren

vuelve

vuelven

e>i (pedir)

pido

pedimos

pides

pedís

pide

piden


Certain verbs have spelling changes in the “ persons except for “YO” form in the present tense but they do follow patterns….

Certain verbs have spelling changes in the “YO” forms but then are normal:

Verbs that end in -ger and -gir, change

g > j

Verbs thatend in a vowel and

-cer or -cir, change

c > zc

recoger

recoges

recoge

recogemos

recogéis

recogen

traducir

traduces

traduce

traducimos

traducís

traducen

recojo

traduzco


Certain verbs have spelling changes in the “ persons except for “YO” form in the present tense but they do follow patterns….

Certain verbs have spelling changes in the “YO” forms but then are normal:

convencer

convences

convence

convencemos

convencéis

convencen

distinguir

distingues

distingue

distinguimos

distinguís

distinguen

Verbs that end in -guir drop the u in the yo form

Verbs that end in a consonant plus -cer, change

c > z

convenzo

distingo


Verbs that end in - persons except for “uir add a y before the ending except in nosotros and vosotros….

Verbs that end in -uir, change

i > y in ALL persons except nosotros and vosotros

construir

construyo

construyes

construye

construyen

construimos

construís


Verbs that end in - persons except for “iar and -uar add an accent to the í and to the ú except in nosotros and vosotros

esquiar

esquío

esquías

esquía

esquiamos

esquiáis

esquían

actuar

actúo

actúas

actúa

actuamos

actuáis

actúan


Special verbs and verbal expressions in the present tense: persons except for “soler + an infinitive

soler

suelo

sueles

Suele

solemos

soléis

suelen

“Soler” means to be “in the habit of” or “to be accustomed to” (like: acostumbrarse).

Therefore, NEVER use “soler” in the preterit tense.

+ an infinitive


Special verbs and verbal expressions in the present tense: persons except for “hace + time + que + present.

¿Cuánto tiempo hace que nosotros estudiamos español? (How long have we been studying Spanish?)

Hace + time + the present is used to tell “how long something has been going on”.

Hace seis años que vosotros estudiáis español. (You have been studying Spanish for 6 years.)


Special verbs and verbal expressions in the present tense: persons except for “haber.

1. Haber can be used to show exsitence (There is / There are ):

Hay 24 estudiantes en la clase. (There are 24 students in the class.)


Special verbs and verbal expressions in the present tense: persons except for “haber.

2. Haber can be used to show necessity impersonally:

Hay que estudiar para el examen. (It’s necessary [One must] study for the test.)


Special verbs and verbal expressions in the present tense: persons except for “haber.

3. Haber de can be used to show necessity as a synonym of “tener + que + the infinitive”:

He de ayudar a mi madre esta tarde. (I need to help my mom this after noon.)


ad