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Les espaces de participation des internautes sur les sites web radiophoniques : des dispositifs et des tactiques. Spaces of Internet users participation on the french radio web sites: devices and tactics Valérie Croissant Université Lyon 2 Laboratoire ELICO. The point.

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Spaces of Internet users participation on the french radio web sites: devices and tactics

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Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

Les espaces de participation des internautes sur les sites web radiophoniques : des dispositifs et des tactiques

Spaces of Internet users participation on the french radio web sites: devices and tactics

Valérie Croissant

Université Lyon 2

Laboratoire ELICO


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

The point

  • A more general work on different spaces of public participation in the media

  • REJ (Réseau d’études sur le journalisme)

  • Radio as a subject of study because of its historical experience about the participation of listeners on the air

  • This work focuses on the websites of radio stations that offer opportunities for public participations

    • Radio blogs


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

The study

  • This study focuses on 3 french radio programs over two periods (2008 – 2009)

  • The chosen programs are already based on audience participation on the air : interactive emissions

  • The main principles of framing the audience expression are already known (Deleu)

  • So how is it different on Internet web sites ?

  • Are the rules of relation the same ?


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

The shows

  • Service public d’Isabelle Giordano sur France Inter

  • Bourdin & Co sur RMC

  • Les auditeurs ont la parole sur RTL


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

The radio blogs

  • 3 radio programs, 3 different channels (1 Public 2 Privates)

  • 3 blogs that provide rather close tools and spaces of participation

  • The blog appears generally as a space for exchange, participation. what about of these radio programs ?

    • How this type of system works?

    • how can we describe the interactions ?


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

Analysis

  • The analysis seeks to describe and understand these digital spaces through the following features :

    • What kind of tools, spaces, the media gives to web users for participate ?

    • The distribution of roles and time of speaking

    • How users appropriate and change the use of these radio blogs

    • In short : the rules and frames of interaction


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

The frames

  • Ways of the exchange

    • 1. An emphasis of the participation

      • Promotion speeches about listening and participation

      • the number of comments : a proof that the blog is popular

      • Importance of actualisation : the blog is alive

      • Words, titles are incitations

      • everything invites you to participate (emission titles, and all others incitations)


The frames

The frames

Emphasis of the participation

Incitations

Number of comments


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

The frames - Modes of exchange

  • 2. The differentiation of words

    • Graphically, the words of the author of the blog and those of users can be clearly identified

    • Formal differenciation

      • The texts from the radio presenters appear in larger caracters, in full text

      • The reviews of the web radio users appear on another page and in a smaller font size

        • Presenters words are central

        • Comments are peripheric words


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

The frames - Modes of exchange

  • Symbolic differenciation : differences in status of speech

    • the issue of self-presentation

    • Blogs are built on the contrast of 2 types of words and 2 types of authors.


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

RADIO BLOGS FRAMES

  • What can we study on radio blogs ?

  • Presenters words and public words are not on the same level.

  • 2 levels :

    • The word of the blog author and the one of Institution are central

    • Web users are requested to react and participate

    • a system which reproduces, for the moment, the traditionnal hierarchy and dominant modalities of the radio


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

TACTICS

  • Despite theses frames, the users on radio web sites are questioning the mechanism, mediation, moderation.

  • We can see 2 ways of this :

    • The permanent criticism,

    • approriation of the space of discussion

  • -


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

TACTICS - The permanent criticism

  • accusation of censorship

  • important need to understand the rules

  • Permanent production of a metadiscourse, a discourse on the system

  • Testing mediation and moderation devices

  • querying the system and its management


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

TACTICS – questioning the mediation

  • Despite the rigidity of the system, there are forms of appropriation and diversion

  • Users turn away from the blog author and subjects proposed by him

  • They launch others topics and sometimes this turns into private conversation

  • They use the blog for private conversation, often impossible to understand


Spaces of internet users participation on the french radio web sites devices and tactics

Conclusion : Devices and tactics

Restrictives technical and discursive systems close to what happen on the radio (hierarchy)

Practices of users who divert the communication contract proposed by the radio blog.

Work in progress : why theses pratices are on a radio blog ?

What is the importance of the media reference ?

How qualify this blogs in public space ? In Private spaces ?


R f rences

RÉFÉRENCES

De CERTEAU M. L’invention du quotidien. 1 arts de faire, Gallimard 1990

DELEU C., Les anonymes à la radio. Usages, fonctions et portée de leur parole., Paris, De Boeck INA, 2006.

JEANNERET Y., Supports et ressorts de l’anonymat, in Figures de l’anonymat, Médias et société, Frédéric Lambert, L’Harmattan, 2001, p.193


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