A poem is a portrait sketched in words.It is a synonym for the soul, a sermonFrom the stars. It is a song of mockingbirdsWho mimic men; the fragrance of a forgottenRose. It is the grammar of the soulAnd the language of the heart. It is a dreamThat comes to those who are awake; a strollUpon
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3. How to (carefully!) Read a Poem How do you define poetry?
Almost impossible to do.
As you grow older and are able to understand more words, poems take on entirely new dimensions.
4. How to (carefully!) Read a Poem What kind of language is used in poetry?
A poet seeks the most meaningful words
Poets use sounds deliberately to enhance the message of the poem
A poet uses words that are the most suggestive, expressive, and precise for the poet’s purpose
5. How to (carefully!) Read a Poem And what IS the poet’s purpose?
This is a hard question to answer.
Poetry communicates feelings and experiences rather than objective facts.
Poetry “says more and talks less” than other forms of expression.
It does this by using a number of language resources – “POETIC DEVICES”
6. How to (carefully!) Read a Poem How then, do you respond to a poem?
You need to understand and react to its special language and structure.
It is a good idea to read a poem several times and aloud at least once.
It is often helpful to write a prose paraphrase of a poem to help you clarify and simplify the author’s ideas and language.
7. Guidelines for Close Reading of Poetry Read the poem aloud at least once, following the punctuation for phrasing.
Commas, semicolons, periods, and other marks of punctuation tell you where to pause!
Poets do not expect the reader to pause at the end of each line!
8. Guidelines for Close Reading of Poetry Respond thoughtfully to key words and references.
Many words have both denotative and connotative meanings.
Denotative meaning is the dictionary definition
Connotative meaning carries emotional associations.
9. Guidelines for Close Reading of Poetry Write a paraphrase of any lines that need clarification or simplification.
A paraphrase helps a reader respond more fully to the poem and to understand imagery and figurative language.
It also puts inverted word order into normal word order.
10. Guidelines for Close Reading of Poetry Using your own response to the poem, write a statement clarifying its central idea or meaning.
Try to state this idea in one or two sentences.
In this way you can use your own reactions as a means of exploring the poet’s message.
11. Guidelines for Close Reading of Poetry Read the poem “Autumn Chant” by Edna St. Vincent Millay on page 363 several times to yourself.
The notes alongside the poem represent one reader’s responses.
Compare these responses with your own.
12. Poetic Devices
46. Now it’s time for…
60. from Robert Frost's “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” Whose woods these are I think I know,
His house is in the village, though;
He will not see me stopping here
To watch his woods fill up with snow.
End rhyme is the most common type of rhyme in English poetry.
62. from Percy Bysshe Shelley’s “The Cloud”
I am the daughter of Earth and Water,
And the nursling of the Sky;
I pass through the pores of the ocean and shores;
I change, but I cannot die.