Carl rogers
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Carl Rogers. Humanistic Learning . Carl Rogers (1902-1987). Born- Oak Park, Illinois One of six children University of Wisconsin Union Theological Seminary Colombia University : M.A. 1928 ; PhD 1931 1940: position as professor of psychology at Ohio State University.

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Carl Rogers

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Carl rogers

Carl Rogers

Humanistic Learning


Carl rogers 1902 1987

Carl Rogers (1902-1987)

  • Born- Oak Park, Illinois

    • One of six children

  • University of Wisconsin

  • Union TheologicalSeminary

  • ColombiaUniversity: M.A. 1928; PhD 1931

  • 1940: position as professor of psychologyat Ohio State University


Humanistic psychology

HumanisticPsychology

  • Humanisticpsychology: focusing

    on the person and whattheyexperience

    • A humanisticapproach

  • Therapist « knows best »  client-centered

  • Hisresearchintopsychotherapycanbetranslatedintohisapproach on education

    • Freedom to Learn: based on hisresearch in psychotherapy


  • Problems in education

    Problems in Education

    • A disconnect between teaching and assimilation of material presented

    • Teacher in a position of control

      • « all-knowing » teacher

      • Decides what the student needs to be taught

      • Intimidation factor


    Humanistic theory on education

    Humanistic Theory on Education

    “The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn and change.”

    -Carl Rogers

    • Goal : facilitation of learning

    • Teacher’srole: as the facilitator

      • Teachershares the power

      • Teacherremains positive and shareshis or herenthusiasm

      • Teacher as listener: Teachershouldbeempathetic and understanding

    • Student’srole : to learn how to learn

      • Motivation to seekknowledge

      • Studentsshare in classroomresponsibilities

      • Learnerdevelopstheirownpotential


    Climate of learning

    Climate of Learning

    • Conducive to personalgrowth and the educationaldeveloppement of the learner

    • Create a climateconducive to achieving the goal of education:

      • For the student to become an autonomous, self-actualizedlearner

    • Classroomatmosphere:

      • Student-centered

      • trust, acceptance and value of the student as an individual


    What do the critics say

    What do the critics say?

    • What about discipline?

      • Adult learners

      • Teacher encourages self-discipline

    • Sharing power is too risky:

      • Reluctance to abandon a conventional chain of power and authority

      • Humanistic learning encourages embracing a more democratic way


    Sources

    Sources

    Milhollan, Frank and Bill Forisha. From Skinner to Rogers: ContrastingApproaches to Education. Lincoln, Nebraska: Professional Educators Publications, Inc, 1972.

    Patterson, C. H. “Carl Rogers and Humanistic Education.” Foundations for a Theory of Instruction and Education Psychology. Harper & Row, 1977. Chapter 5. Internet.

    Rogers, Carl and J. Jerome Freiberg. Freedom to Learn. 3rd Edition. New York: Macmillan CollegePublishingCompany, 1994.

    Thorne, Brian. Carl Rogers. London: SAGE Publications Ltd, 2003.


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