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Carl Rogers. Humanistic Learning . Carl Rogers (1902-1987). Born- Oak Park, Illinois One of six children University of Wisconsin Union Theological Seminary Colombia University : M.A. 1928 ; PhD 1931 1940: position as professor of psychology at Ohio State University.

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carl rogers

Carl Rogers

Humanistic Learning

carl rogers 1902 1987
Carl Rogers (1902-1987)
  • Born- Oak Park, Illinois
    • One of six children
  • University of Wisconsin
  • Union TheologicalSeminary
  • ColombiaUniversity: M.A. 1928; PhD 1931
  • 1940: position as professor of psychologyat Ohio State University
humanistic psychology
HumanisticPsychology
  • Humanisticpsychology: focusing

on the person and whattheyexperience

          • A humanisticapproach
  • Therapist « knows best »  client-centered
  • Hisresearchintopsychotherapycanbetranslatedintohisapproach on education
    • Freedom to Learn: based on hisresearch in psychotherapy
problems in education
Problems in Education
  • A disconnect between teaching and assimilation of material presented
  • Teacher in a position of control
    • « all-knowing » teacher
    • Decides what the student needs to be taught
    • Intimidation factor
humanistic theory on education
Humanistic Theory on Education

“The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn and change.”

-Carl Rogers

  • Goal : facilitation of learning
  • Teacher’srole: as the facilitator
    • Teachershares the power
    • Teacherremains positive and shareshis or herenthusiasm
    • Teacher as listener: Teachershouldbeempathetic and understanding
  • Student’srole : to learn how to learn
        • Motivation to seekknowledge
        • Studentsshare in classroomresponsibilities
        • Learnerdevelopstheirownpotential
climate of learning
Climate of Learning
  • Conducive to personalgrowth and the educationaldeveloppement of the learner
  • Create a climateconducive to achieving the goal of education:
    • For the student to become an autonomous, self-actualizedlearner
  • Classroomatmosphere:
    • Student-centered
    • trust, acceptance and value of the student as an individual
what do the critics say
What do the critics say?
  • What about discipline?
    • Adult learners
    • Teacher encourages self-discipline
  • Sharing power is too risky:
    • Reluctance to abandon a conventional chain of power and authority
    • Humanistic learning encourages embracing a more democratic way
sources
Sources

Milhollan, Frank and Bill Forisha. From Skinner to Rogers: ContrastingApproaches to Education. Lincoln, Nebraska: Professional Educators Publications, Inc, 1972.

Patterson, C. H. “Carl Rogers and Humanistic Education.” Foundations for a Theory of Instruction and Education Psychology. Harper & Row, 1977. Chapter 5. Internet.

Rogers, Carl and J. Jerome Freiberg. Freedom to Learn. 3rd Edition. New York: Macmillan CollegePublishingCompany, 1994.

Thorne, Brian. Carl Rogers. London: SAGE Publications Ltd, 2003.

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