The age of jackson
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The Age of Jackson. Jacksonian Democracy. Who was Andrew Jackson?. Home State- Tennessee 1767-1845 Andrew Jackson’s election and Presidency was the beginning of the “common” man. He turned the Presidency into a more powerful office. Why was Andrew Jackson so popular?.

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The Age of Jackson

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The Age of Jackson


Jacksonian Democracy


Who was Andrew Jackson?

Home State- Tennessee

1767-1845

Andrew Jackson’s election and Presidency was the beginning of the “common” man. He turned the Presidency into a more powerful office.


Why was Andrew Jackson so popular?

  • War Hero during the War of 1812 and the Seminole Wars.

  • Was born poor, but became a powerful person.

  • Was seen as a “Common Man”.


What is the “Common Man”?

  • Regular person.

  • Usually poor.

  • Usually a farmer.

  • Usually from the South or West.


Who were the Democrats?

  • The Party of the “Common Man”.

  • Popular with farmers, immigrants, poor people, and Southerners.

  • Andrew Jackson became the leader of the party.


What was the “Spoils System”?

  • Andrew Jackson was the first President to replace government workers with his own supporters as a gift.

  • Some of these supporters were not qualified for their jobs.


What was the “Kitchen Cabinet”?

  • The Kitchen Cabinet were Andrew Jackson’s friends that he relied on for advice.

  • Jackson preferred the advice of his friends than the advice of politicians/government workers.


How did Andrew Jackson change the Presidency?

  • Jackson was the first president to think of himself as the leader of the government.

  • Jackson claimed that since the President is the person elected by everyone, the President should be in charge.


What is the Presidential Veto?

  • Veto Power- The Power of the President to reject laws. Vetoes could only be overturned by a 2/3’s vote by Congress.

  • Altogether, the first six presidents vetoed ten bills. In Jackson's eight years in office, he vetoed twelve.


What is Andrew Jackson’s legacy?

  • Andrew Jackson changed the American Presidency.

  • The President became the leader of the government.

  • Government became more political and personality mattered more.


Andrew Jackson’s Political Fights


What was the Tariff of 1828?

  • (1) The Tariff of 1828 taxed imports from Europe.

  • The Tariff of 1828 was supported by the north (helped manufacturers) and opposed to by the south (hurt farmers).


What is Nullification?

  • South Carolinians promoted an idea called nullification in order to remove the Tariff of 1828.

  • Nullification stated that states could void/cancel any Federal laws they deemed unconstitutional.


What was President Jackson’s response to Nullification?

  • Jackson thought the nullification doctrine was treasonous (betrayed the country).

  • Jackson knew that Nullification would eventually lead to the breakup of the U.S.


Who was John C. Calhoun?

Home State-South Carolina

1782-1850

As Vice-President of the U.S. Calhoun fought with Jackson over the idea of Nullification. Nullification said states could cancel out Federal Laws.


Why was Henry Clay important?

  • “My only regret as President is that I didn’t shoot Henry Clay and hang John Calhoun”.

    -Jackson

    Henry Clay came up with the compromise that ended the Nullification Crisis.

    He helped lower taxes in the South.


What was the Second National Bank?

  • Private bank in Philadelphia responsible for making loans.

  • Most of the money in the bank was owned by Europeans and rich individuals.


Why was Andrew Jackson against the Second National Bank?

  • Andrew Jackson fought against rich people as the hero of the Common Man.

  • Banks often closed on people’s farms.


What do Andrew Jackson’s fights tell us about his values?

  • Andrew Jackson was a fighter.

  • Andrew Jackson fought for the Common Man; Southerners, farmers, Westerners.


Andrew Jackson, Native Americans, and Slavery


Why did slavery grow under Andrew Jackson?

  • The Southern economy grew more dependent on slavery under Andrew Jackson.

  • More land became available for plantations.


Who were the Cherokee Indians?

  • The Cherokee Indians lived in the South.

  • The Cherokees were the largest of the “Five Civilizes Tribes”.

  • They adopted European customs and culture.


Why were the Cherokee Indians moved?

  • The Cherokee’s land was farm land that Southern farmers wanted.

  • Gold was discovered in Cherokee land.


What was Worcester v. Georgia? (1832)

  • Chief Justice John Marshall and a majority of the Supreme Court ruled that the Cherokee were an Independent nation and Georgia had no power or rights above the Cherokee.


What was the Indian Removal Act?

  • Passed in 1830.

  • Allowed the Federal Government to remove Indians from their land and move them to Oklahoma.


What was the Trail of Tears?

  • From 1831-1840.

  • Soldiers removed Native Americans from their homes in Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Alabama.


Why did Andrew Jackson support the Trail of Tears?

  • Andrew Jackson removed the Native Americans in order to help Southern farmers get more land.


Why is the Trail of Tears seen as a tragedy?

  • Over 100,000 Indians were moved from their homes.

  • At least 5,000 passed away in the journey.


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