Hidefumi imura mushtaq ahmed memon reiko koyama christine pearson
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Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment 7 th Thematic Seminar Use of ICT in Urban Environmental Management UN/ESCAP Bangkok, 13-14 December 2004 Policy Measures in Promoting ICT in UEM: Identifications of Measures Necessary for Management and Communication of Information. Hidefumi IMURA

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Hidefumi IMURA Mushtaq Ahmed MEMON Reiko KOYAMA, Christine PEARSON

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Hidefumi imura mushtaq ahmed memon reiko koyama christine pearson

Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment 7th Thematic SeminarUse of ICT in Urban Environmental ManagementUN/ESCAP Bangkok, 13-14 December 2004 Policy Measures in Promoting ICT in UEM:Identifications of Measures Necessary for Management and Communication of Information

Hidefumi IMURA

Mushtaq Ahmed MEMON

Reiko KOYAMA, Christine PEARSON


Future of information society and uem reality or dream

Future of Information Society and UEM: Reality or Dream?

  • It is certain that ICT has a great potential to enhance UEM capacity.

  • There will be major changes in various areas, but it is difficult to predict what, when, and how those changes will come about because of their dynamism/rapid nature.

  • ICT in industrialized and developing countries

  • ICT based on PCs

  • ICT based on cellular phones


Use of ict in uem today

Use of ICT in UEM Today

  • Environmental Information Systems

  • Geographical Information System

  • Support to daily works such as emission inventories, notification, permission, licensing, etc.

  • Online monitoring, telemeters

  • Information dissemination, web, on-line voting

  • Virtual reality, simulations, etc.

  • eLearning


Opportunities of ict in uem

Opportunities of ICT in UEM

  • Very rapid development of ICT and its diffusion

  • Information + Communication Tools

  • Facilitation of public participation through ICT

  • Hardware + Software

  • How to improve contents: What types of data are really useful and necessary?


Important issues

Important Issues

1. Information: What types of information are we targeting and where can we find it?

  • Management of information (generating and responding to generated information)

    2. Communication: How can ICT be used?

  • Forms of communication (digital, traditional)

  • Identification of actors

    3. Implementation:How is ICT useful?

  • Obstacles and opportunities for local governments

    4. Policies and measures:How can it work effectively, i.e. what policies and measures are necessary to further promote ICT in UEM?

    eGOVERNANCE


Ict city levels of ict

ICT: City levels of ICT

No particular system in place for ICT in UEM

Legislation: outdated frameworks

Implementation: enforcement of laws difficult

Infrastructure: Non-existent or outdated

Advanced system for ICT in UEM

Legislation: Should actions be proactive or reactive?

Implementation: Cross-border issues

Infrastructure: Action as regulator/manager

Currently developing or possesses working system for ICT in UEM

Legislation: frameworks are in place

Implementation: capability and expertise exist (balance between government/private sector/residents is focus)

Infrastructure: deregulation, other


Information types location

Information: Types & Location

In order to manage information effectively we must determine:

  • Type of information we are targeting & management:

    • Monitoring and management of pollutants: air, soil, water (actual implementation + hardware/software)

    • Need of the population

    • Existence of policies and frameworks to facilitate the utilisation of ICT in UEM

    • Information systems based on GIS, remote sensoring

    • Data for “in-house” use (by city officials) / Data for dissemination to public/intercity dissemination

  • Where we can find that information

    • Collection at monitoring stations, daily interaction with community, other

    • Transfer of information to central information centre, i.e. city hall

    • Dissemination of information to the public


How can ict be used

How can ICT be used?

Application of ICT in participatory environmental management

  • Forms of communication

    • Outside access to information systems (MIS)

    • Dissemination of information

      • Digital (Websites, distance learning/eLearning, email groups…)

      • Traditional (paper based)

    • Frequency of communication

      • Hourly, daily, weekly, monthly

  • Identification of actors

    • Flow of information (all relevant stakeholders)

      • Departments, residents (community networks), businesses, intercity

    • Voluntary/mandatory participation


How is ict useful

How is ICT useful?

  • Obstacles:

    • Political will

    • Technology/infrastructure (hardware/software, access to telecommunications, internet connectivity, power sources)

    • Capacity

    • # of trained staff (community networks)

    • Coordination between/within departments

    • Financing and appropriate incentives

    • Language and literacy (including computer literacy)

    • Management (voluntary/mandatory)

    • Accuracy/availability of information

    • Security of information

  • Opportunities:

    • Improvement of local governmental activities

    • Opening lines of communication and coordination/partnerships with relevant stakeholders

    • Cost cutting


  • How can ict work effectively in uem

    How can ICT work effectively in UEM?

    What policies and measures are necessary to further promote ICT in UEM?

    • Basic policies to manage water/SWM/air quality must be in effect

    • Assessments of the needs of the population (not ICT for ICT sake)

    • Existence of appropriate information (accurate and up-to-date)

    • Fast transfer of information ⇒ efficiency

      • Policies for digitalization

        • Day-to-day management of information, universal service/access to information (telecommunications, internet connectivity), availability of appropriate hardware/software, power sources, other

      • Policies for dissemination

        • Language and literacy (computer literacy)

      • Policies for managing public participation/effective communication

        • Consideration and approaches for involvement of local staff, residents, businesses, with focus on community involvement)

    • Privacy, Security of Information

    • Risk of “Digital Divide”


    International cooperation

    International Cooperation

    • Websites

    • Improvement of source data & materials

    • Development of eLearning

    • Education and training

    • Tele-conferencing

    • Virtual Information Centers

    • Development of ICT infrastructure


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