Hidefumi imura mushtaq ahmed memon reiko koyama christine pearson
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Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment 7 th Thematic Seminar Use of ICT in Urban Environmental Management UN/ESCAP Bangkok, 13-14 December 2004 Policy Measures in Promoting ICT in UEM: Identifications of Measures Necessary for Management and Communication of Information. Hidefumi IMURA

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Hidefumi IMURA Mushtaq Ahmed MEMON Reiko KOYAMA, Christine PEARSON

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Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment 7th Thematic SeminarUse of ICT in Urban Environmental ManagementUN/ESCAP Bangkok, 13-14 December 2004 Policy Measures in Promoting ICT in UEM:Identifications of Measures Necessary for Management and Communication of Information

Hidefumi IMURA

Mushtaq Ahmed MEMON

Reiko KOYAMA, Christine PEARSON


Future of Information Society and UEM: Reality or Dream?

  • It is certain that ICT has a great potential to enhance UEM capacity.

  • There will be major changes in various areas, but it is difficult to predict what, when, and how those changes will come about because of their dynamism/rapid nature.

  • ICT in industrialized and developing countries

  • ICT based on PCs

  • ICT based on cellular phones


Use of ICT in UEM Today

  • Environmental Information Systems

  • Geographical Information System

  • Support to daily works such as emission inventories, notification, permission, licensing, etc.

  • Online monitoring, telemeters

  • Information dissemination, web, on-line voting

  • Virtual reality, simulations, etc.

  • eLearning


Opportunities of ICT in UEM

  • Very rapid development of ICT and its diffusion

  • Information + Communication Tools

  • Facilitation of public participation through ICT

  • Hardware + Software

  • How to improve contents: What types of data are really useful and necessary?


Important Issues

1. Information: What types of information are we targeting and where can we find it?

  • Management of information (generating and responding to generated information)

    2. Communication: How can ICT be used?

  • Forms of communication (digital, traditional)

  • Identification of actors

    3. Implementation:How is ICT useful?

  • Obstacles and opportunities for local governments

    4. Policies and measures:How can it work effectively, i.e. what policies and measures are necessary to further promote ICT in UEM?

    eGOVERNANCE


ICT: City levels of ICT

No particular system in place for ICT in UEM

Legislation: outdated frameworks

Implementation: enforcement of laws difficult

Infrastructure: Non-existent or outdated

Advanced system for ICT in UEM

Legislation: Should actions be proactive or reactive?

Implementation: Cross-border issues

Infrastructure: Action as regulator/manager

Currently developing or possesses working system for ICT in UEM

Legislation: frameworks are in place

Implementation: capability and expertise exist (balance between government/private sector/residents is focus)

Infrastructure: deregulation, other


Information: Types & Location

In order to manage information effectively we must determine:

  • Type of information we are targeting & management:

    • Monitoring and management of pollutants: air, soil, water (actual implementation + hardware/software)

    • Need of the population

    • Existence of policies and frameworks to facilitate the utilisation of ICT in UEM

    • Information systems based on GIS, remote sensoring

    • Data for “in-house” use (by city officials) / Data for dissemination to public/intercity dissemination

  • Where we can find that information

    • Collection at monitoring stations, daily interaction with community, other

    • Transfer of information to central information centre, i.e. city hall

    • Dissemination of information to the public


How can ICT be used?

Application of ICT in participatory environmental management

  • Forms of communication

    • Outside access to information systems (MIS)

    • Dissemination of information

      • Digital (Websites, distance learning/eLearning, email groups…)

      • Traditional (paper based)

    • Frequency of communication

      • Hourly, daily, weekly, monthly

  • Identification of actors

    • Flow of information (all relevant stakeholders)

      • Departments, residents (community networks), businesses, intercity

    • Voluntary/mandatory participation


How is ICT useful?

  • Obstacles:

    • Political will

    • Technology/infrastructure (hardware/software, access to telecommunications, internet connectivity, power sources)

    • Capacity

    • # of trained staff (community networks)

    • Coordination between/within departments

    • Financing and appropriate incentives

    • Language and literacy (including computer literacy)

    • Management (voluntary/mandatory)

    • Accuracy/availability of information

    • Security of information

  • Opportunities:

    • Improvement of local governmental activities

    • Opening lines of communication and coordination/partnerships with relevant stakeholders

    • Cost cutting


  • How can ICT work effectively in UEM?

    What policies and measures are necessary to further promote ICT in UEM?

    • Basic policies to manage water/SWM/air quality must be in effect

    • Assessments of the needs of the population (not ICT for ICT sake)

    • Existence of appropriate information (accurate and up-to-date)

    • Fast transfer of information ⇒ efficiency

      • Policies for digitalization

        • Day-to-day management of information, universal service/access to information (telecommunications, internet connectivity), availability of appropriate hardware/software, power sources, other

      • Policies for dissemination

        • Language and literacy (computer literacy)

      • Policies for managing public participation/effective communication

        • Consideration and approaches for involvement of local staff, residents, businesses, with focus on community involvement)

    • Privacy, Security of Information

    • Risk of “Digital Divide”


    International Cooperation

    • Websites

    • Improvement of source data & materials

    • Development of eLearning

    • Education and training

    • Tele-conferencing

    • Virtual Information Centers

    • Development of ICT infrastructure


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