Women nomadism challenges for a better future
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WOMEN & NOMADISM Challenges for a better future…. Mobile Pastoralists have been called “Custodians of arid and semi-arid lands” Their very migration protects biodiversity of non-equilibrium ecosystems such as arid and semi-arid lands

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Women nomadism challenges for a better future

WOMEN & NOMADISMChallenges for a better future…


Mobile Pastoralists

have been called

“Custodians of arid and semi-arid lands”

  • Their very migration protects biodiversity of non-equilibrium ecosystems such as arid and semi-arid lands

  • They know nature’s ways and have adapted themselves to them through centuries of co-existence and adaptive management


Despite their positive value for the land and the nation
Despite their positive value for the land and the nation

  • They are often discriminated against;

  • Their lands are often invaded by settlers; government and private sector interests alike;

  • They are coerced in various ways into sedentarisation;

  • Planners don’t know how to deal with the needs of mobile peoples;

  • They are allowed no role in determining their own development and charting their own future;

  • Both conservation and development programmes displace them from their ancestral lands;

  • Their customary institutions are systematically ignored & weakened;

  • They have little if any legal protection


Vital role of Iranian mobile pastoralist women in the communities (might be the same in every pastoralist communities)

A.Economy

  • Farming

  • Animal husbandry

  • Dairy producers

  • Handicrafts

  • Other-sales, firewood collection

  • Combating land degradation


Vital role of iranian pastoralist women
Vital communities (might be the same in every pastoralist communities role of Iranian pastoralist women …

B. Socio-cultural

  • Housekeeping-Tent keeping

  • Children

  • Interrelationship within the community

  • Social capital production

  • Survival of culture and traditions

  • Women, a major source of information about nomadic livelihoods and lifestyle


Vital role of iranian pastoralist women1
Vital role of Iranian communities (might be the same in every pastoralist communitiespastoralist women

  • Cultural and ethnic diversity

  • Religion, Traditions & beliefs

  • Policies governing the country in relation to sedentarisation


Vital role of Iranian pastoralist communities (might be the same in every pastoralist communities

tenthold/ househole

  • Economic contribution of extensive nomadic household pastoral livelihood system to GDP of Iran

    • production of 40% of the meat, wool, leather, natural dies, medicinal plant…

    • mobile pastoralists are only 1,300,000 people for a total population of 70,000,000


Women and migration
Women and Migration communities (might be the same in every pastoralist communities

  • Packing

  • Guarding the herds

  • Collecting medicinal plants

  • Setting up the tents

  • Preservation of natural resources and biodiversity


Challenges for a better future
CHALLENGES FOR A BETTER FUTURE communities (might be the same in every pastoralist communities

  • A: Decent Life

  • B: Good governance

  • C: Securing rights to land and natural resources

  • D: CCA project contribution and similar cooperation in other potential projects

  • E: Government should rethink transhumance

  • F: Government should rethink traditional rangeland management

  • G: Local traditional medicinal plants collection and inventory creation


Challenges for a better future1
Challenges for a Better Future….. communities (might be the same in every pastoralist communities

  • H: Pastoralist infrastructure services will facilitate mobility and help remove the barriers that push pastoralists to sedentarize(appropriate technologies in a appropriate institution)

  • I: Planners don’t know how to deal with the needs of mobile peoples; To prevent or reverse desertification, pastoralists can play the biggest role;

  • -J: Supporting pastoralists– and diminishing impact of unsustainable agriculture and urbanisation– should therefore constitute the lion’s share of resource mobilisation in UNCCD.

    • K: Exchanges of experiences and indigenous knowledge with international nomadic communities


  • Thank you for your attention communities (might be the same in every pastoralist communities


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