Robert N. Lane, Director
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Robert N. Lane, Director Regional Design Program. How Can Connecticut Take Advantage of Transit-Oriented Development?. Regional Plan Association www.rpa.org. Technical Lessons. Beyond parking and density - find the intersection of: Transit agency priorities

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How Can Connecticut Take Advantage of Transit-Oriented Development?

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Robert N. Lane, Director

Regional Design Program

How Can Connecticut Take Advantage of Transit-Oriented Development?

Regional Plan Association

www.rpa.org


Technical Lessons

Beyond parking and density - find the intersection of:

  • Transit agency priorities

    parking, development , ridership

  • Community based goals and objectives

    place-making, redevelopment

  • Technical constraints

    market, traffic/access, context, environment


Technical Lessons

  • The architecture DOES matter

  • Parking can be managed creatively

  • Density needs to be explained

  • Housing needs to be explained

  • Create a flexible framework for redevelopment


Process Lessons

  • Empower and engage stakeholders

  • Use a diversity of formats and media

  • Iterative process and planning

  • Multiple levels of stakeholder involvement


  • Transit Oriented Development in the NY Region:

  • Brownfield redevelopment

  • Retrofitting sprawl

  • Intensifying centers

TOD Growth

Existing

Trend Growth


What is the Share of Workers Who Reach Their New Jersey Jobs by Rail?

  • To Jersey City - 21% (9 lines) – PATH, light rail line highly frequent service

  • To Newark – 9% (6 lines) – PATH, Newark Subway, NEC, NJCL

  • Trenton – 1% (2 lines) – NEC

  • To New Brunswick - 1% (1 line) - NEC

  • Elizabeth -1% (2 lines) - NEC

  • To Atlantic City - 1% (1 line) – once an hour


Somerville Landfill and Station Area Planning Study


Overview – Design

Downtown gateway

Mixed-use station area

New civic space

Two new neighborhoods

Green gateway


Overview – Design


Overview – Design


Station Area

Hotel

Movie Theatre


Stamford –

Glenbrook and Springdale


New Britain Mayors Institute Sketch


Bridgeport Intermodal Center


Technical Lesson: The Architecture Does Matter

  • A deteriorating suburban corridor is saved

  • Multiple actors

  • Public subsidy

  • Control over land use

  • Transportation

  • Very high transit share

  • Good car access

The Rosslyn-Ballston Corridor


Technical Lesson: The Architecture Does Matter

  • Implementation

  • Consistency

  • Public participation

  • Issues

  • Quality of urban design

  • Affordability


Technical Lesson: Parking Can Be Managed Creatively


Technical Lesson: Parking Can Be Managed creatively


Technical Lesson: Density needs to be explained

Understanding density

Is Density “du per acre” or perception?

Use local precedents


Relative value of locational attribute on an average-priced property (in 2003 dollars)


Technical Lesson: Explain Housing

Revenue


Technical Lesson: Explain Housing

  • Tax: $300,000

  • Units: 105

  • Density:

  • 18 du/acre

  • Cars/unit:

  • 1.85

  • Children/unit:

  • .05-.1

Understanding Housing

Franklin Square, Metucheon


Technical Lesson: Create A Flexible Framework for Development

Calibrate to local capabilities

Netcong, NJ


Process Lesson: Use a Diversity of Formats

Diversity of formats

town hall meetings, charrettes, and other convenings

Diversity of media

Interactive models


Process Lesson: Use a Diversity of Formats


Process Lesson: Design an Iterative Process

  • Technical Studies

  • Land use

  • analysis

  • Market

  • reconnaisance

  • Transportation

  • analysis

Workshop #1: Steering Committee

shared understanding

expectations management

vision statement

Workshop #2: Steering Committee

plus Stakeholders

expectations management

concept design alternatives

Workshop #3: Steering Committee plus Stakeholders

schematic design consensus

Workshop #4: Presentation to larger group

final design

final analysis

  • Visioning

  • What do you

  • really want?

  • Principles

  • Issues and

  • Opportunities

Plan

Guidelines

Implementation Strategy

Concerns


Process Lesson: Design an Iterative Process

Netcong, NJ

Iterative Process: Test schemes and “straw men”


Process Lesson: Enable Multiple Levels of Stakeholder Involvement


Technical Lessons

  • The architecture DOES matter

  • Parking can be managed creatively

  • Density needs to be explained

  • Housing needs to be explained

  • Create a flexible framework for redevelopment

Beyond parking and density - find the intersection of:

  • Transit agency priorities

    parking, development , ridership

  • Community based goals and objectives

    place-making, redevelopment

  • Technical constraints

    market, traffic/access, context, environment


Process Lessons

  • Empower and engage stakeholders

  • Use a diversity of formats and media

  • Iterative process and planning

  • Multiple levels of stakeholder involvement


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