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Tycho Brahe. Created precise measures of the Solar System. Background info. Born December 14 th , 1546 - Skane, Denmark Went to the universities of Copenhagen, Leipzig, Wittenberg, Rostock, and Basel - interest in alchemy and astronomy - bought several astronomical instruments

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Tycho brahe

Tycho Brahe

Created precise measures of the

Solar System


Background info
Background info

  • Born December 14th, 1546

    - Skane, Denmark

  • Went to the universities of Copenhagen, Leipzig, Wittenberg, Rostock, and Basel

    - interest in alchemy and astronomy

    - bought several astronomical instruments

  • Lost part of his nose in a duel with another student in 1566

    - wore a metal insert over the missing part

  • Returned to Denmark in 1570


Background info cont
Background info cont.

  • Tycho accepted an offer from King Frederick to fund an observatory, Uraniburg, which became the finest in Europe

    - designed and built new instruments

    - trained a generation of young astronomers

    - left in 1597 and went to Prague

  • In Prague he became the Imperial Mathematician at the court of Emperor Rudolph II

    - died there were his instruments

    were stored and eventually lost


Important accomplishments
Important accomplishments

Major works include:

-On the New and Never Previously

seen Star

-Concerning the New Phenomena in the Ethereal World

-Instruments for the Restored

Astronomy

-Introductory Exercises Toward a

Restored astronomy


Contributions to astronomy

Designed and built instruments

Observed the positions of the planets and the moon

- observed these bodies throughout their orbits

- the first astronomer to make corrections for change in direction of a ray of light as it passes from space into the atmosphere

Contributions to astronomy


Stephen hawking

Stephen Hawking

By: Alec Hardesty, Felipe Hernandez, Kathleen Tejada, Chanel Hendrickson


Stephen hawking1
Stephen Hawking

  • Born on January 8,1942 in Oxford, England.

  • Physics was not his primary choices in college.

  • Has ALS- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis or commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease.


Stephen hawking2
Stephen Hawking

  • Went to Cambridge and got Ph.D in cosmology

  • Cosmology-the study of the universe as a whole

  • Has 12 honorary

    degrees


Stephen hawking3
Stephen Hawking

  • Developed theories for black holes saying that they emit radiation which can be detected by special instrumentation.

  • First theorized that black holes can never decrease in size nor can they split in two to create two black holes.


Stephen hawking4
Stephen Hawking

  • He realized that particles, in fact, do leak from black holes.

  • As matter compresses, it emits radiation into a surrounding curved sphere of space called an “event horizon”.

  • As the black hole shrinks into its own gravitational pull, the temperature rises and so does the rate at which particles are emitted into the event horizon. This process is now called Hawking’s Radiation.

  • Hawking’s Radiation is the process through which a black hole turns in on itself, essentially turning itself inside out, and disintegrating.


Bibliography
Bibliography

  • http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091117141013AAYhDtF

  • http://www.hawking.org.uk/

  • http://www.alsa.org/about-als/what-is-als.html

  • bibliotecapleyades.net


Nicolaus copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus

By: Younes Elmaataoui

Eddie Chun

Kiana Mcclain


Biography
Biography

Nicolaus Copernicus was born on the 19th of February 1473. He passed away at the age of 70 on the 24th of May 1543.

Nicolaus was born in the city of Thorn in Royal Prussia, part of the Kingdom of Poland.

His field of expertise was in mathematics, astronomy, canon laws, medicine, and economics.

He studied at the University of Cracow from 1491 to 1494.

He spoke 5 different languages which include: Latin, German, Polish, Greek, and Italian.


Biography continued
Biography Continued…

Nicolaus came up with a theory that the Earth isn’t the center of the universe. He believed that the center of the Earth is the sun. The planets go around the sun, instead of the universe circling the earth.

He proposed a heliocentric and suggested that Earth was a planet, that it rotated, and that Earth and the other planets revolved around the sun.

His real name was Nikals Kopenik and it was Latinized to Nicolaus Copernicus. He came from a middle class background. When Nicolaus Copernicus was 10 his father died and he was raised by his uncle. His uncle gave him a good education.


Biography continued1

BiographyContinued…

Nicolaus Copernicus was a true Renaissance man. He also was a lawyer, tax collector, a doctor, military governor, judge, vicar-general of canon law and a Polish astronomer.

His book De Revolutions “On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres” was his most famous piece of work.

Copernicus book was published in March 1543 at Nuremberg


Biography continued2
Biography Continued…

Nicolaus Copernicus's knowledge was spread to others and he also set the scene for major advances in science. Copernicus also marked the beginning of a scientific revolution and astronomy.

Copernicus first studied astronomy and astrology at the University of Cracow (1491-94).

Copernicus studied medicine at the University of Padua (1501-3)

And then moved on to the University of Ferrara where he obtained a doctorate in Canon Law (1503).

After he published his book two months later, Nicolaus Copernicus died from a stroke induced coma in 1543.


Isaac newton

Isaac Newton

By:

Sam Looman

Brittany Boyce

Aleena Ahmed


Background info1
Background Info

  • Newton was born in Woolsthrope, England 1642.

  • He attended Cambridge University.

  • He was born prematurely on Christmas Day.

  • Newton had a hard childhood.

  • His mom died in 1678, he went through emotional breakdown.


Important accomplishments discoveries
Important Accomplishments/ Discoveries

  • Newton invented Newton’s Laws of Motion:

  • Every object remains in rest unless acted upon by an external, unbalanced force

  • Rate of change of momentum of a body= to the force applied to that body & direction of the force

  • Every action has an equal & opposite reaction

  • He formed a new formula to calculate Pi

  • Newton led the discovery that a prism can decompose white light into a spectrum of colors

  • Universal Gravitation states every point mass in the universe attracts another with a direct force


Review about isaac newton
Review about Isaac Newton

  • Isaac Newton was born in:

    a. Elkridge, Maryland

    b. Islamabad, Pakistan

    c. Woolsthrope, England

  • What tragedy occurred when he was a child?

    a. He lost his kidney at school

    b. Someone stole his lunch

    c. His mother died

  • Every action has an equal and reaction.

    a. Hula hoop

    b. Opposite

    c. Kristi Kapp


Galileo galilei father of science

Galileo Galilei“Father of science”

By: Iroda Bayakhmedova

Kelsey Meehan

Cece (Cean’e) Batten

&

Christian Russo


All about galileo
All About Galileo

  • Galileo Galilei was a famous astronomer who was born on February 15, 1564 in Pisa, Italy and died in January 8,1642. in Arcetri, Italy. when older Galileo was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher after graduating from the university of Pisa, and later on the university of Padua. He became known for

  • kinetics

  • Dynamics

  • Telescopic observational

  • Astronomy &

  • and heliocentrism .


Accomplishments
Accomplishments

  • Galileo was responsible for the birth of modern science.

  • He taught kinematics, the motion of uniformly accelerated objects.

  • He confirmed the phases of Venus and discovered the four largest satellites of Jupiter


Important accomplishments1
Important Accomplishments

  • Invented military compass (improved version) and birth of modern science.


Later in his life
Later in his life

  • Later in his life, Galileo became blind. There have been theories that his blindness came from his telescopic research, but most likely he lost his sight from cataracts or glaucoma.



Information about him
Information about him

  • He was born Nov, 29, 1889

  • He died Sept, 28,1953

  • Went to University of Chicago

  • Also went to Oxford University

  • Star athlete of his high school basketball team

  • Married to Grace Hubble

  • American Astronomer


Achievements
Achievements

  • Discovered other galaxies in the milky way

  • Established that the universe is expanding

  • His physic work was nominated for the Nobel prize

  • Discovered the arrangement of the galaxies which is known as the Hubble sequence


Hubble sequence
Hubble Sequence

  • Milky way is

    The spiral gal-

    axy ; 5Bb


Studies
Studies

  • Studied from the Hooker telescope; biggest telescope in the world at that time


Claudius ptolemy

Claudius Ptolemy

Kristi Kapp, Walter Jenkins, Amama Saeed, Daniel Laidler


Claudius ptolemy1
Claudius Ptolemy

  • Probably was born around 85?-165?

  • Born in Egypt

  • He created horoscopes


Claudius ptolemy2
Claudius Ptolemy

  • Made his most original contribution by presenting details for the motions of each of the planets.

  • The earliest and most important of Ptolemy’s work that has survived is the Almagest.


Claudius ptolemy3
Claudius Ptolemy

  • He wrote 13 books.

  • Ptolemy first of all justifies his description of the universe based on the earth-centred system described by Aristotle.


Claudius ptolemy4
Claudius Ptolemy

  • In books 4 through 6, Ptolemy gives his theory of the moon.

  • The next 2 books deal with fixed stars.


Credits
CREDITS

  • KRISTI KAPP

  • DANIEL LAIDLER

  • WALTER JENKINS

  • Amama saeed


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