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主谓一致

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主谓一致. Grammar. 主语为下列情况时谓语动词用单数. 时间 / 距离 / 重量 / 价值 / 数目等名词作整体看待时 主语由从句、不定式短语、动名词充当时 主语由“ S” 结尾的学科名词充当时 1.Twenty years is only a short time in human history. 2.Fifteen miles seems like a long walk tome. 3.Twenty pounds is not a light object for a boy to carry.

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时间/距离/重量/价值/数目等名词作整体看待时时间/距离/重量/价值/数目等名词作整体看待时
  • 主语由从句、不定式短语、动名词充当时
  • 主语由“S”结尾的学科名词充当时

1.Twenty years is only a short time in human history.

2.Fifteen miles seems like a long walk tome.

3.Twenty pounds is not a light object for a boy to carry.

4.Thirty dollars is too high a price for the book.

5.Another 10 years has passed since he left.

1.When they will discuss it hasn’t been made public.

2.To die for the people is a worthy death.

3.Looking after the children is her full-time job.

4.A knowledge of English is necessary in foreign trade.

1.Physics is well worth studying.

2.Maths is a difficult science.

3.Politics is the art or science of government.

#His politics are/is weak.

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主语为书、报、地名、组织名称,以复数形式出现主语为书、报、地名、组织名称,以复数形式出现
  • news, works, crossroads, woods等复数形式表示单数概念时,means视情况而定
  • 并列主语指同一概念时

1.The Times usually speaks for the British government.

2.The United States is made up of 50 states.

3.The United Nations is a world organization.

1.Bad news has wings.

2.The glass works was set up in 1980.

指一类作品

3.Every means has been tried to settle the problem.

4.All means have been tried to settle the problem.

1.A thief and murderer was sentenced to death.

2.Bread and butter is served for breakfast.

3.Care and patience is needed in our work.

4.Early to bed and early to rise is a good habit.

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不定代词作主语时
  • each/every/no/many a+名词单数+each/every/no/many a+名词单数

1.Somebody is looking for you.

2.Nothing is impossible to a willing heart.

3.Everything is nice in your garden.

4.Anyone is forbidden to smoke here.

1.Each man and each woman was invited to the party.

2.No engineer and no worker was in the workshop.

3.Every boy and every girl was congratulated.

4.Every hour and every minute is important.

5.Many a boy and many a girl has seen it.

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many a/the whole/each/neither/either+名词单数
  • each/neither/either of+名词复数/them, us, you
  • this pair of/that pair of/a pair of+名词复数
  • there be+名词单数+and+名词复数
  • more than one+名词单数

1.Many a care makes the head white.

2.Many a good father has but a bad son.

3.The whole nation was in deep sorrow a t Lincoln’s death.

4.Every country has its customs.

5.Neither story is true.

6.Each bird loves to hear himself sing.

1.Each of them has a beautiful house.

2.Either of the bicycles belongs to me.

3.Neither of them is fit for the task.

#Have/has either of them told you?

Each of the students have their own books.

1.This pair of shoes needs mending.

The shoes need mending.

1.There is a book, two pencils and three pens here.

2.More than one soldier was killed in the battle.

#More soldiers than one were killed in the battle.

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one, the other, another, no one, neither…
  • man, the world, clothing做主语

1.One has to do one’s best.

2.Here is only one shoe. Where is the other?

3.There was a rainbow in the sky, and another was in his breast.

1.What wonderful things man has achieved.

2.All the world knows that the earth is round.

3.Our clothing protects us from the cold.

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the+姓的复数形式
  • 以复数形式出现的表示群岛、山脉、瀑布等的专有名词
  • the+folk(s), people, police, cattle, Chinese, French, Japanese, English等集体名词
  • the blind, deaf, poor, living, young, dead, wounded等形容词表一类人或物

1.The Greens are going to make a trip to London.

2.The Smiths often play with their children in their spare time.

1.The Philippines lie to the southeast of China.

2.As is known to all, Rocky mountains stand in North America.

1.The police are running after the thief.

2.The cattle are eating grass in the hill.

3.The Chinese are a hard-working people.

4.The English are proud of their sense of humour.

1.Generally, the young are thirsty for knowledge.

2.Even the wise are not always free from mistake.

3.The dead are soon forgotten.

4.The disabled are paid close attention to by society.

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谓语动词与前面的主语一致

作后置定语时

as well as

rather than

along/together with

such…as, like

such as, besides

no less than=as much as

more than

but/except

beyond

分词(介词、不定式)短语

同位语

定语从句

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1.He as well as I is absent from the meeting.

2.The officer, rather than ministers answers for it.

3.Mary, (along) with her friends goes abroad.

4.Books such as this are useful and air is necessary for plants.

5.The girl like many boys is fond of sports.

6.Sunshine, no less than water and air is necessary for plants.

7.Everyone here, including old people likes reading.

8.A lucky visitor to the places is fortunate.

9.The people in Luyi city are friendly.

10.Foreigners who work in China are form Canada.

11.The man invited to European countries is 80.(岁)

12.The students studying in school study well.

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谓语动词与后者一致的情况

连接2个并列主语时

or, nor

either…or…

neither…nor…

not only…but also…

1.You, he, or I am right.

2.Neither you nor he is right.

3.Either he or you are right.

#Is either he or you right?

4.Not only he but also I am right.

#Both he and I are right.

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family, army, class, crew, team, enemy, group, party, couple, government等集体名词作主语时
  • 分数,百分数/half, all, part, any, some, a lot, lots, plenty, rest, most, a supply, supplies+

of+可数名词单数/不可数名词+动词单数

可数名词复数+动词复数

  • 名词单数+and+名词单数 指1人+动词单数

指2人+动词复数

1.Her family is small, but the family are advanced workers.

2.Class is over and the class are all out for play.

3.Our group are reading the newspapers.

This group is having meeting.

1.The writer and teacher is

The writer and the teacher are coming.

The man and woman are

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what, who, which, such常与其后的名词作表语一致
  • kind, sort, type应与该词本身的单复数形式一致

these/those+sort/kind/type of+名词复数+动词复数

This/that kind/sort of+名词单数+动词单数

+名词复数+动词单(复)数均可

1.What you said is of great importance.(=greatly important )

2.What you left are only several old books.

3.Such is our plan.

4.Such are his words.

1.This kind of man is dangerous.

men are

2.Many kinds of man are dangerous.

men are

3.Man of this kind is dangerous.

Men of are

4.Those type/kind/sort of machines are update.

5.This kind of apples are/is highly priced.

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one of the+名词复数+动词单数

+定语从句+动词单数

  • the (only) one of the+名词复数+定语从句+动词单数

1.One of the boys has helped me.

2.He is one of the boys who have helped me.

3.He is the (only) one of the boys who has helped me.

  • no…but…与前一致
  • …and not…与前一致*
  • not…but…与后一致

1.No one but we has seen the film.

2.Jack, and not we has seen the film.

3.Not him but we have seen the film.

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population后的动词单复数与表语一致

1.The population of China is under control/very large/1.3 billion.

2.80percent of the population of China are farmers.

  • the number of
  • a number of

1.A number of rooms are on sale.

2.The number of the room is 303.

3.The number of the rooms are 20.

4.The number of the rooms that are on sale is 100.

  • large quantities of+不可数名词+动词复数
  • a large quantity of+不可数名词+动词单数

1.Large quantities of money were spent on the bridge.

2.A large quantity of money was spent on the bridge.

materials were spent on the bridge.

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a variety of+名词复数+动词复数

名词单数+动词单数

varieties of+名词+动词复数

the variety of+名词复数+动词单数

1.A great variety of flowers were shown there.

2.There was a considerable variety of opinion.

3.There are several varieties of red roses.

4.The variety of goods on display reveals a big leap forward in the development of our industrial and agricultural production.

an average of+名词复数+动词复数

the average of+名词复数+动词单数

1.An average of 3 students are absent each day.

2.The average of 14, 3 and 1 is 6.

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a total of+名词复数+动词复数
  • the total of+名词复数+动词单数

1.A total of 300 letters were received last month.

2.The total of letters received last month was 300.

  • a majority(minority) of+名词复数+动词单/复数
  • the majority(minority)+动词单(复数)
  • the majority(minority) of+名词复数+动词单数或复数

1.A majority of people take/takes part in cultural pursuits.

2.Only a minority of the members object.

3.The majority was/were in favor of the plan.

4.The majority of population live/lives in cities.

5.The vast majority of the students need/needs increased financial support.

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one or two+名词复数+动词复数
  • a+名词单数+or two+动词单数
  • 在倒装句中用单数

1.One or two days are enough for them.

2.One or two students were absent from class this morning.

3.A day or two is enough.

4.A servant or two or three was to accompany them.

5.Inside each folder is one or two sheets of information.

one+in(out of, of)+名词复数+动词单数

但在新闻报道或非正式文体中也可用复数

1.One out twenty was badly damaged.

2.Only one out of five were present at the conference.

3.One in ten suffer from brouchitis.