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Chapter 8 Crime & the Police. Chapter 8 Crime & the Police. What are the fascinations of crime as a topic? What can it help us understand about modern Britain? What do you think are the most frequently committed crimes in Britain? And in China?

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Chapter 8 Crime & the Police

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Chapter 8 crime the police l.jpg

Chapter 8 Crime & the Police


Chapter 8 crime the police2 l.jpg

Chapter 8 Crime & the Police

  • What are the fascinations of crime as a topic? What can it help us understand about modern Britain?

  • What do you think are the most frequently committed crimes in Britain? And in China?

  • How do you understand the causes of crimes in Britain today? (P134)

  • What qualifications are required to be a police officer?

  • How would you describe the major responsibilities and powers of the police force in contemporary Britain? (P138)


A 1 introduction l.jpg

A 1 Introduction

  • Definition of crime

  • Crimes are defined and punished by statutes and by the common law.

  • Changes


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A 2 Number of crimes based on BCS interviews in the year to June 2008 compared with the previous year


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Risk of being a victim based on BCS interviews in the year to June 2008 compared with the previous year


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Trends in worry about crime, England & Wales


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Table 3: Anti-social behaviour indicators


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The Home Secretary's statement

  • 'I welcome today’s figures which show that crime has fallen by 6%. Fewer people are being injured as a result of violence. Gun crime, robbery and homicides are down, and the chance of being a victim of crime is at its lowest level ever.

  • 'Since 1997, crime has fallen by 39%, and crime is now at its lowest level since the British Crime Survey began in 1981. But we know there is more work to do - with particular crime types, and in particular areas.

  • 'I remain concerned about serious violence and in particular knife crime. That’s why we are taking targeted action in ten areas under the Tackling Knives Action Programme, which I launched in June.


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The Home Secretary's statement

  • 'Already this is showing results – more than 2,200 knives have been seized following targeted stop and search operations, and courts are getting tougher with offenders. Since May the proportion sent immediately to prison for weapons possession in the Tackling Knives Action Programme areas has increased by almost a third.

  • 'This is what we said we would do, and it is what we have delivered, working closely with the police and the judiciary.'Last year we reduced police targets to give them greater flexibility to deal with local crime problems, and to prioritise tackling most serious violence.We revised offence categories for recording the most serious violence and clarified our guidance to police forces.

  • 'This change means that this quarter’s figures are not comparable with last year’s. However, for most types of violence where the guidance hasn’t changed – like homicide, robbery and death by driving – the numbers are down since last year. And the overall number of violent crimes is down too - by 7% - almost 18,000 fewer violent crimes. Although it represents less than1% of recorded crime, reducing serious violence will always be a priority for us.'


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A 4 The Causes of Crime


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A 5 Victim Support (by govern.)

  • Key facts help offered to 1+ million victims of crime and to 120,000+ witnesses each year

  • Young people, esp. young men: most prone to being the victim of violence. People aged 65+: the lowest risk.

  • The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) : monetary compensation


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A 5 Victim Support

  • Substantial growth of Victim Support Groups

  • An association of local, independent charitable schemes: advice and assistance, 16,000+ voluntary workers


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A 6 The Police

  • The Metropolitan Police Force– 1828, Sir Robert Peel (Bobby), Scotland Yard, Home Secretary

  • The main law-enforcement agency in the Capital & the biggest police force in the country (35,000+ employees)

  • In London - the City of London Police, the British Transport Police and the Royal Parks Constabulary

  • The Met Police & the City of London Police headed by Commissioner


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A 6 The Police

  • What are their responsibilities?

  • The Met Police:policing the majority of Greater London;national tasks, eg. protection of royalty & the Capital's diplomatic community, & certain counter-terrorism duties

  • Borough Operational Command Units (BOCUs): basic street-level policing of London;Londoners’“local police force”


Policing l.jpg

Community policing

Citizen-focused policing

Neighbourhood policing

Police community support officers

Operational policing

PACE (the Police and Criminal Evidence Act), Powers and Procedures

Crime and Disorder

Road Traffic

Firearms

Bichard Recommendations

Extradition

Mutual Legal Assistance

Prosecution manual

Forensic Science Regulator

Policing


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Two cops

Policeman (London)

A 6 The Police


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Bobby

A 6 The Police


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Wesminster guards

Policeman (metro)

A 6 the Police


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United Kingdom police ranks (up to Chief Superintendent)

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UK_police_ranks


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A 6 The Police

  • The Role of the Police

  • Maintenance of order -A Service

  • Law enforcement - A Force


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A 6 The Police

  • Rights of the suspect

  • to have someone outside the police station told of his/her arrest

  • to consult a solicitor

  • to see a copy of PACE (Police and Criminal Evidence Act) Code

  • Moreover, a suspect in custody should not

  • be forced to answer questions — they have the right to remain silent (N.B. Recent changes in the law have meant that silence under police questioning may be interpreted negatively by a jury, i.e. as a sign of guilt.)

  • be forced to make a statement against their will

  • be induced to make a statement by means of threats or by being promised something, such as bail, for instance.


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Levels of confidence in the police (07-08)

  • The police and local agencies were dealing with the anti-social behaviour and crime issues that matter in their area

  • 45%: agreed

  • 30%: disagreed

  • 25%: had no opinion

  • The police in their local area did an excellent or good job: 52%


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The Image of the Police

  • http://www.mtime.com/my/heyang/blog/662517/(police vehicles)

  • James Bond Pen Lets Police Walk the B (http://www.tzsy.cn/english/news/bilingual/200804/30-3940.html)

  • The multi-functional police officer (http://www.eueueu.com/forums/1175/ShowPost.aspx)


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Cops amusing themselves at workKelly Cooper, Facebook


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Equipments


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Man bursts into flames after being shot by a taser gun

  • http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-463321/Man-bursts-flames-shot-taser-gun.html

  • Stockwell Shooting: The death of Mr de Menezes; The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC)


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Police officers on a strike (Jan. 23, 2008)


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The three-year pay agreement for police officers


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  • http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs08/hosb1408.pdf

  • http://police.homeoffice.gov.uk/news-and-events/news/police-pay-deal

  • http://news.sina.com.cn/w/p/2008-01-24/081514816050.shtml (strike)

  • http://images.google.cn/imgres?imgurl=http://gov.ce.cn/newmain/ssgc/200707/29/W020070729591178780115.jpg&imgrefurl=http://gov.ce.cn/newmain/ssgc/200707/29/t20070729_12350540.shtml&h=351&w=468&sz=29&hl=zh-CN&start=2&um=1&usg=__e7bzqyz52sHOWkWRv4jxYOoVtrQ=&tbnid=aEFz5C96osaXGM:&tbnh=96&tbnw=128&prev=/images%3Fq%3D%25E8%258B%25B1%25E5%259B%25BD%25E8%25AD%25A6%25E5%25AF%259F%25EF%25BC%258C%25E8%25AD%25A6%25E6%25A3%258D%26um%3D1%26hl%3Dzh-CN%26newwindow%3D1%26client%3Daff-maxthon (amusement)


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