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Chapter 6: Perception. Deprivation & Adaptation. I was expecting something else!. Rules of Organization. It’s a mirage!. Imagine that!. 100. 1. When two or more lights blink on and off in quick succession, it gives the appearance of movement. This is called the:. A) movement illusion.

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Chapter 6 perception
Chapter 6: Perception

Deprivation & Adaptation

I was expecting something else!

Rules of Organization

It’s a mirage!

Imagine that!

100


1. When two or more lights blink on and off in quick succession, it gives the appearance of movement. This is called the:

  • A) movement illusion.

  • B) phi phenomenon.

  • C) visual capture.

  • D) optical tracking illusion.


2 even though these two figures are identical in size one looks larger due to the illusion
2. Even though these two figures are identical in size, one looks larger due to the ___ illusion.

  • A) visual capture

  • B) Müller-Lyer

  • C) Ponzo

  • D) parallax


3 the m ller lyer illusion is caused by
3. The M looks larger due to the ___ illusion.üller-Lyer illusion is caused by:

  • A) cultural experience.

  • B) light and shadow.

  • C) shape constancy.

  • D) size constancy.


4 the st louis arch appears taller than it is wide this is due to
4. The St. Louis arch appears taller than it is wide. This is due to:

  • A) relative height.

  • B) size constancy.

  • C) shape constancy.

  • D) nothing, it really is taller.


Because of motion parallax when you are moving and fixate on something in the distance
Because of motion parallax, when you are moving and fixate on something in the distance:

  • A) more distant objects appear to be standing still.

  • B) the fixation point starts to move faster.

  • C) it becomes more difficult to stay awake.

  • D) closer objects appear to be moving in the opposite direction.


6 we sometimes reverse images because of changes in the relationship of
6. We sometimes reverse images because of changes in the relationship of:

  • A) light and shadow.

  • B) figure-ground.

  • C) size and dimension.

  • D) connectedness.


7. We see this as two figures together rather than as many curved and straight lines because of the rule of:

  • A) connectedness.

  • B) proximity.

  • C) continuity.

  • D) similarity.


8 relative clarity helps us to determine because
8. Relative Clarity helps us to determine ___ because: curved and straight lines because of the rule of:

  • A) size; clear objects appear larger.

  • B) depth; clear objects appear farther.

  • C) luminescence; nearer objects are brighter.

  • D) depth; distant objects appear hazy.


9. If we assume that two objects are similar in size, the one that casts the smaller retinal image is assumed to be:

  • A) closer.

  • B) smaller.

  • C) farther away.

  • D) larger.


10. Pablo is a landscape artist who was known for the depth of his paintings. After an accident, he had vision only from one eye. Since then, his paintings:

  • A) will have less depth.

  • B) will have just as much depth.

  • C) will have no depth.

  • D) may have depth but will lack in accuracy.


11 if a person were to wear glasses that distorted vision upside down that person
11. If a person were to wear glasses that distorted vision upside down, that person:

  • A) would eventually adapt.

  • B) would never adapt.

  • C) would have his vision permanently distorted.

  • D) would adapt but now must always wear the glasses to see.


12 psychics who claim to be clairvoyant are able to
12. Psychics who claim to be clairvoyant are able to: upside down, that person:

  • A) aid police departments in catching criminals.

  • B) locate missing persons.

  • C) sense when something bad will happen.

  • D) make many guesses, some of which may be true.


13. Dave was listening to sad music when he heard the word, “morning,” which he mistook for, “mourning.” He was influenced by:

  • A) clinical depression.

  • B) context effect.

  • C) depressogenic schemas.

  • D) a low level of serotonin.


14. Children who are visually impaired at birth, but are allowed to see clearly years later have difficulty perceiving because:

  • A) their brains were irreparably damaged.

  • B) they missed a critical period in visual development.

  • C) their eyes have to fully mend.

  • D) none of the above.


15 when watching a movie we see the actors as moving because
15. When watching a movie, we see the actors as moving because:

  • A) the film is moving.

  • B) the pictures move in front of us.

  • C) motion is constructed in our heads.

  • D) of strobe lights.


16 the whole is greater than the sum of its parts has been most associated with a
16. “The whole is greater than the sum of its parts,” has been most associated with a:

  • A) Clinical psychologist.

  • B) Gestalt psychologist.

  • C) Cognitive-Behavioral psychologist.

  • D) Perceptual psychologist.


17 retinal disparity refers to the
17.Retinal disparity refers to the: has been most associated with a:

  • A) tendency to see parallel lines as coming together in the distance.

  • B) tendency to see stimuli that are near each other as parts of a unified object.

  • C) somewhat different images our two eyes receive of the same object.

  • D) extent to which our eyes turn toward each other when looking at an object.


18. The perceptual tendency to fill in gaps in order to perceive disconnected parts as a whole object is called:

  • A) closure.

  • B) constancy.

  • C) interposition.

  • D) convergence.


19 all of the following are monocular cues of depth perception except
19. All of the following are monocular cues of depth perception except:

  • A) motion parallax.

  • B) linear perspective.

  • C) convergence.

  • D) relative height.

  • E) texture gradient.


20 we perceive the moon on the horizon as being larger than when it is overhead because
20. We perceive the moon on the horizon as being larger than when it is overhead because:

  • A) it seems farther away on the horizon.

  • B) it seems closer on the horizon.

  • C) it seems brighter high in the sky.

  • D) it seems brighter on the horizon.


21. When we expect to see something because of prior learning experiences, such as seeing clouds as UFO’s, it is because of:

  • A) bottom-up processing.

  • B) previous abductions.

  • C) hypnotic suggestion.

  • D) perceptual set.


22 human factors psychologists may use a technique called natural mapping which is
22. Human factors psychologists may use a technique called, “natural mapping,” which is:

  • A) drawing a plan of attacking a problem.

  • B) moving your eyes in a repeated pattern.

  • C) arranging controls to make them easier to understand.

  • D) moving in precise directions.


23. Even though a door may reflect quite a different retinal image when it is open than when it is closed, we still see it as the same, rectangular door because of:

  • A) illusory contours.

  • B) shape constancy.

  • C) retinal disparity.

  • D) perceptual closure.


24 the fact that the amazing randi has never paid off on his claim illustrates that
24: The fact that the Amazing Randi has never paid off on his claim illustrates that:

  • A) while ESP phenomena exist, replicating them in a laboratory is not possible.

  • B) he fails to be convinced even though the evidence is obvious.

  • C) he is a non-believer and a cheapskate.

  • D) ESP phenomena have never been proven to be anything more than chance events or fakery.


25. As she gazed down from a bridge at the rapidly flowing river, Nancy felt as thought she were moving. Her experience best illustrates the phenomenon of:

  • A) retinal disparity.

  • B) perceptual adaptation.

  • C) location constancy.

  • D) visual capture.


Answers river, Nancy felt as thought she were moving. Her experience best illustrates the phenomenon of:

Stop here, or continue as a review


1. When two or more lights blink on and off in quick succession, it gives the appearance of movement. This is called the:

A) movement illusion.

B) phi phenomenon.

C) visual capture.

D) optical tracking illusion.

250


2 even though these two figures are identical in size one looks larger due to the illusion1
2. Even though these two figures are identical in size, one looks larger due to the ___ illusion.

A) visual capture

B) Müller-Lyer

C) Ponzo

D) parallax

251


3 the m ller lyer illusion is caused by1
3. The M looks larger due to the ___ illusion.üller-Lyer illusion is caused by:

A) cultural experience.

B) light and shadow.

C) shape constancy.

D) size constancy.

252


4 the st louis arch appears taller than it is wide this is due to1
4. The St. Louis arch appears taller than it is wide. This is due to:

A) relative height.

B) size constancy.

C) shape constancy.

D) nothing, it really is taller.

247


Because of motion parallax when you are moving and fixate on something in the distance1
Because of motion parallax, when you are moving and fixate on something in the distance:

A) more distant objects appear to be standing still.

B) the fixation point starts to move faster.

C) it becomes more difficult to stay awake.

D) closer objects appear to be moving in the opposite direction.

248


6 we sometimes reverse images because of changes in the relationship of1
6. We sometimes reverse images because of changes in the relationship of:

A) light and shadow.

B) figure-ground.

C) size and dimension.

D) connectedness.

243


7. We see this as two figures together rather than as many curved and straight lines because of the rule of:

A) connectedness.

B) proximity.

C) continuity.

D) similarity.

244


8 relative clarity helps us to determine because1
8. Relative Clarity helps us to determine ___ because: curved and straight lines because of the rule of:

A) size; clear objects appear larger.

B) depth; clear objects appear farther.

C) luminescence; nearer objects are brighter.

D) depth; distant objects appear hazy.

247


9. If we assume that two objects are similar in size, the one that casts the smaller retinal image is assumed to be:

A) closer.

B) smaller.

C) farther away.

D) larger.

246


10. Pablo is a landscape artist who was known for the depth of his paintings. After an accident, he had vision only from one eye. Since then, his paintings:

A) will have less depth.

B) will have just as much depth.

C) will have no depth.

D) may have depth but will lack in accuracy.

249


11 if a person were to wear glasses that distorted vision upside down that person1
11. If a person were to wear glasses that distorted vision upside down, that person:

A) would eventually adapt.

B) would never adapt.

C) would have his vision permanently distorted.

D) would adapt but now must always wear the glasses to see.

256


12 psychics who claim to be clairvoyant are able to1
12. Psychics who claim to be clairvoyant are able to: upside down, that person:

A) aid police departments in catching criminals.

B) locate missing persons.

C) sense when something bad will happen.

D) make many guesses, some of which may be true.

265


13. Dave was listening to sad music when he heard the word, “morning,” which he mistook for, “mourning.” He was influenced by:

A) clinical depression.

B) context effect.

C) depressogenic schemas.

D) a low level of serotonin.

260


14. Children who are visually impaired at birth, but are allowed to see clearly years later have difficulty perceiving because:

A) their brains were irreparably damaged.

B) they missed a critical period in visual development.

C) their eyes have to fully mend.

D) none of the above.

255


15 when watching a movie we see the actors as moving because1
15. When watching a movie, we see the actors as moving because:

A) the film is moving.

B) the pictures move in front of us.

C) motion is constructed in our heads.

D) of strobe lights.

250


16 the whole is greater than the sum of its parts has been most associated with a1
16. “The whole is greater than the sum of its parts,” has been most associated with a:

A) Clinical psychologist.

B) Gestalt psychologist.

C) Cognitive-Behavioral psychologist.

D) Perceptual psychologist.

243


17 retinal disparity refers to the1
17.Retinal disparity refers to the: has been most associated with a:

A) tendency to see parallel lines as coming together in the distance.

B) tendency to see stimuli that are near each other as parts of a unified object.

C) somewhat different images our two eyes receive of the same object.

D) extent to which our eyes turn toward each other when looking at an object.

246


18. The perceptual tendency to fill in gaps in order to perceive disconnected parts as a whole object is called:

A) closure.

B) constancy.

C) interposition.

D) convergence.

238


19 all of the following are monocular cues of depth perception except1
19. All of the following are monocular cues of depth perception except:

A) motion parallax.

B) linear perspective.

C) convergence.

D) relative height.

E) texture gradient.

246


20 we perceive the moon on the horizon as being larger than when it is overhead because1
20. We perceive the moon on the horizon as being larger than when it is overhead because:

A) it seems farther away on the horizon.

B) it seems closer on the horizon.

C) it seems brighter high in the sky.

D) it seems brighter on the horizon.

251


21. When we expect to see something because of prior learning experiences, such as seeing clouds as UFO’s, it is because of:

A) bottom-up processing.

B) previous abductions.

C) hypnotic suggestion.

D) perceptual set.

257


22 human factors psychologists may use a technique called natural mapping which is1
22. Human factors psychologists may use a technique called, “natural mapping,” which is:

A) drawing a plan of attacking a problem.

B) moving your eyes in a repeated pattern.

C) arranging controls to make them easier to understand.

D) moving in precise directions.

262


23. Even though a door may reflect quite a different retinal image when it is open than when it is closed, we still see it as the same, rectangular door because of:

A) illusory contours.

B) shape constancy.

C) retinal disparity.

D) perceptual closure.

250


24 the fact that the amazing randi has never paid off on his claim illustrates that1
24: The fact that the Amazing Randi has never paid off on his claim illustrates that:

A) while ESP phenomena exist, replicating them in a laboratory is not possible.

B) he fails to be convinced even though the evidence is obvious.

C) he is a non-believer and a cheapskate.

D) ESP phenomena have never been proven to be anything more than chance events or fakery.

267


25. As she gazed down from a bridge at the rapidly flowing river, Nancy felt as thought she were moving. Her experience best illustrates the phenomenon of:

A) retinal disparity.

B) perceptual adaptation.

C) location constancy.

D) visual capture.

242


Answers
Answers river, Nancy felt as thought she were moving. Her experience best illustrates the phenomenon of:


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