The Global Food
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 23

The Global Food System Part II PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 50 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Global Food System Part II. Introduction to Global Studies XIDS 2301. Global Hunger. There are around one billion hungry people in the world (one in seven people in the world is hungry). The number has increased during the past decade.

Download Presentation

The Global Food System Part II

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The global food system part ii

The Global Food System Part II

Introduction to Global StudiesXIDS 2301


The global food system part ii

Global Hunger

  • There are around one billion hungry people in the world (one in seven people in the world is hungry).

  • The number has increased during the past decade.

  • There is enough produced in the world so that, if they could get it, all ~7 billion people in the world could consume >3000 calories per day.

  • Why and how does hunger occur?

  • What can/should be done about it?


The global food system part ii

Global Hunger

  • Defining hunger

    • --This is important b/c problems often get defined in terms of available and/or economically/politically/socially convenient solutions

    • “When I give food to the poor, they call me a saint. When I ask why the poor have no food, they call me a communist.”

      • (Brazilian archbishop Dom HelderCamara)

  • --Hunger can be defined as inadequate or insufficient :

    • Consumption of calories (undernutrition)

    • Consumption of nutrients/minerals (malnutrition)

    • Ability to reliably enough food to live a healthy, active life (food insecurity)

    • Capability to reliably access socially/culturally acceptable food in socially acceptable ways (food insecurity)


  • The global food system part ii

    Patterns and trends in global hunger


    The global food system part ii

    Patterns and trends in Global hunger


    The global food system part ii

    Patterns and trends in Global hunger


    World food program

    World Food Program

    • United Nations organization directed to

    combat global hunger

    • Est. 1961

    • Provides emergency and development food and aid

    • In 2001, provided food to 77 mil people in 82 countries

    • Most of food is distributed to displaced people and refugees

    • Relies entirely on voluntary contributions from countries, businesses and organizations, and indivdiuals


    Global trends in food aid

    Global trends in food aid

    • • Food aid has declined as a form of aid

    • 1960s/70s1990s

    • 30%7%

    • Overall the value and volume of food aid have declined

      • --In late 1990s, total value of aid was only 20% value of 1980s

      • --In late 1990s, total volume of aid was only 40% volume of 1980s

    Value of food aid as share of all aid from countries


    Distribution of food aid by world region

    Distribution of food aid, by world region


    Largest recipients of food aid 1998

    Largest recipients of food aid, 1998

    • 1. Bangladesh

    • 2. N. Korea

    • 3. Ethiopia

    • 4. Indonesia

    • 5. India

    • 6. Peru

    • 7. Rwanda

    • 8. Mozambique

    • 9. Angola

    • 10. Bolivia


    Largest donors of food aid 1998

    Largest donors of food aid, 1998

    • Country% total food aid provided

      • Australia4

      • Canada5

      • China1

      • EU27

      • Japan9

      • Korea1

      • Norway1

      • USA53


    The global food system part ii

    Hunger often occurs where food is available. . .

    “. . . because people are not able to acquire enough of it.”

    Will producing more food solve this problem?

    Why does hunger occur?

    • Sen’s entitlement thesis

    “Food does not automatically trickle down to those who need it.”


    The global food system part ii

    Why does hunger occur?

    • Sen’s entitlement thesis

      • Hunger occurs when/where people are not able to legitimately acquire enough food.

      • In other words, hunger occurs when legitimate modes of acquiring food are disrupted.


    The global food system part ii

    Why does hunger occur?

    • Sen’s democracy thesis

    I know how to prevent famines and address hunger!

    Democracy!

    Amartya Sen (Economist)


    The global food system part ii

    Why does hunger occur?

    • Sen’s democracy thesis

      • Effective political rights and oppositional politics can and do enhance food entitlements


    The global food system part ii

    Amartya SenReceiving 1998 Nobel Prize in Economics


    The global food system part ii

    • If there are no elections, no opposition parties, no scope for uncensored public criticism, then those in authority don’t have to suffer the political consequences of their failure to prevent famines. Democracy, on the other hand, would spread the penalty of famines to the ruling groups and political leaders as well. This gives them the political incentive to try to prevent any threatening famine . . . [Moreover, a] free press and the practice of democracy contribute greatly to bringing out information than can have an enormous impact on policies for famine prevention . . . Indeed, I would argue that a free press and an active political opposition constitute the best early-warning system a country threatened by famines can have.

      • Amartya Sen Development as Freedom (1999)pp. 180-1


  • Login