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FDR and the New Deal. Chapter 18. Roosevelt Takes Charge. Since FDR had come from a family that faced little economic hardship, it was interesting that the American people chose him to bring them out of the Depression.

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Roosevelt takes charge
Roosevelt Takes Charge

  • Since FDR had come from a family that faced little economic hardship, it was interesting that the American people chose him to bring them out of the Depression.

  • When Roosevelt took over the presidency, he did not have a clear plan as to how to how he wanted to end the Depression.

    • He simply knew that he wanted the federal government to play an active role in promoting relief and recovery, a “New Deal” for the people.


Roosevelt s cabinet
Roosevelt’s Cabinet

  • To include as many opinions on the New Deal as possible, Roosevelt sought the advice of as many people as possible.

  • In his Cabinet, FDR chose a group of professionals and academics who were nicknamed the ‘brain trust’.

    • Roosevelt nominated both Republicans and Democrats, including the first woman Cabinet member– Frances Perkins.


First 100 days
First 100 Days

  • The first 100 days of FDR’s presidency were some of busiest in presidential history. During this time, he passed 15 bills through Congress.

    • This legislation collectively became known as The First New Deal.

  • The programs of the First New Deal focused on three broad goals: relief, recovery and reform.

    • Relief provide immediate relief for those suffering from the Depression.

    • Recovery help the economy recover for the long haul.

    • Reform prevent future depressions.


Roosevelt eases the public s fear
Roosevelt Eases the Public’s Fear

  • Shortly after becoming president, Roosevelt delivered his first informal radio conversation to the public.

    • This was the first of many ‘fireside chats’ with the American people.

  • The radio conversations were Roosevelt’s way of easing the public’s fear, and educating them about the new measures that he was implementing.


Criticism s of the new deal
Criticism’s of the New Deal

  • Not everyone was a fan of Roosevelt’s New Deal, however, and several Americans openly criticized his proposals.

    • Father Charles Coughlin accused FDR of not doing enough to end the Depression; wanted to nationalize industry.

    • Huey Long originated the ‘Share Our Wealth’ program which proposed high taxes on the wealthy and large corporations and the redistribution of their income to the poor.



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