Improving energy efficiency for the low income housing sector in macedonia
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IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY FOR THE LOW INCOME HOUSING SECTOR IN MACEDONIA. Habitat for Humanity Macedonia Skopje/Geneva April 2013. SITUATION ANALYSIS. Increasing poverty 31% lived below the national poverty line in 2010

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Improving energy efficiency for the low income housing sector in macedonia

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY FOR THE LOW INCOME HOUSING SECTOR IN MACEDONIA

Habitat for Humanity Macedonia

Skopje/Geneva

April 2013


Situation analysis
SITUATION ANALYSIS

  • Increasing poverty

    • 31% lived below the national poverty line in 2010

  • Poor maintainance of the housing stock in collective apartment buildings

    • 35% of the residential buildings have only recently registered homeowner association

    • At least 100,000 housing units in need of EE intervention

  • Raising energy prices

    • Macedonian households pay three times less for electricity than EU average, up to 100% less than SEE countries

    • Full price liberalization is expected by 2015

  • High levels of CO2 emissions

    • 5.5 metric tones/capita, higher than any other SEE country

  • Low level of awareness & poor regulatory framework


Key considerations
KEY CONSIDERATIONS

  • Energy consumption of the Macedonian residential sector is high, unaffordable, environmentally degrading and inefficient

    • Until recently the decay of homeowner association has not been addressed in any serious fashion

    • EE regulatory framework and supporting mechanisms still under development

  • National EE Strategy and the corresponding Actions plan provide no instruments/incentives for homeowners to take measures to improve the efficiency of their homes

  • Investing in improvement of collective housing and residential energy management has not been identified as business opportunity


Long term goals
LONG TERM GOALS

  • Decrease the households energy consumption in the structure of the final energy consumption by sectors

  • Decrease the consumption of electricity in the structure of households’ overall fuel consumption

  • Decrease the energy consumption on heating in the structure of households overall energy consumption


Pilot project
PILOT PROJECT

  • Residential Energy Efficiency as Social Safety Net Tool - USAID through IRG, along with SEVEn, TimelProject and Habitat for Humanity

  • Develop systematic information and experience: costs and benefits, household behavior, institutional issues (legal/regulatory, implementation, homeowners associations)

  • Research/demonstration effort, not a sustainable model


Project objectives
PROJECT OBJECTIVES

  • Develop and test market-based models for energy efficient upgrades in collective apartment buildings

  • Improve management of collective apartment buildings

  • Facilitate investment, entrepreneurship and job creation on energy efficiency

  • Foster a broad-based societal platform that affirms energy efficient consumption of clean energy and advocates for efficient and targeted state involvement in the housing sector


Financial modelling ee upgrades
FINANCIAL MODELLING & EE UPGRADES

  • Objective A:

    Develop and test market-based models for energy efficient upgrades in collective housing units

    • Selection of 30 buildings in 7 major cities to carry EE interventions

    • Development of financing models

    • Networking and capacity building of an EE investor forum

    • Energy audits carried in 30 buildings (pre and after intervention)

    • Establishment of a EE Revolving Fund, criteria and process

    • EE renovation of selected buildings


Ee revolving fund
EE REVOLVING FUND

  • Habitat for Humanity as interlocutor in securing capital and funding sources for the low-income housing sector in Macedonia

  • Initial funding:

    • USAID

    • MFI Moznosti

    • Habitat for Humanity

  • Other socially motivated investors invited to join the Revolving fund


Establishing the revolving fund
ESTABLISHING THE REVOLVING FUND

MFI

OTHER INVESTORS/CREDITORS

Loan

(terms & conditions)

(terms & conditions)

EE REVOLVING FUND

USAID

Cooperative Agreement

HFH MK

Allocation

Lending

model 1

Lending

model 2

Lending

model 3

Lending

model 4

LG

grant

MoU

EE Interventions


Financing model 5
FINANCING MODEL 5

REVOLVING FUND

MUNICIPALITY

Building/family selection

INTERMEDIARY (HOA, Company)

or INDIVIDUAL HOMEOWNERS

Loan

Grant/loan

Supervising

Intervention

Supervising

Intervention completed (families served)



Housing management
HOUSING MANAGEMENT

  • Objective B:

    Improve management of collective housing units

    • Supporting HOAs in selected buildings

      • Developing capacity for selection of companies for EE interventions

      • Criteria for HOA’s creditworthiness assessment

    • Establishing and building capacities of the Tenants Association Resource Center (TARC)

      • Web based resources, including best practices, databases and manuals for HOA

      • Exploring TARC’s long-term sustainability options


Investment job creation
INVESTMENT & JOB CREATION

  • Objective C:

    Facilitate investment, entrepreneurship and job creation on Energy Efficiency (green jobs)

    • Promotion of business opportunities in EE sector

      • Researching EE and green jobs opportunities, regional and national

      • Capacity building, modeling and supporting ESCO in operations and service delivery

    • Education, training and business opportunities in EE

      • Vocational trainings for young construction workers, high-school students, energy service companies and micro-entrepreneurs

      • Promotional events aimed to generate interest


Societal platform on ee
SOCIETAL PLATFORM ON EE

  • Objective D:

    Foster a broad-based societal platform that affirms energy efficient consumption of clean energy and advocates for efficient and targeted state involvement in the housing sector

    • Establishing and supporting platform of relevant stakeholders

      • SAG objective: Convening mechanism for legislators, public administration/local government, business, civil society, media, international organizations

    • Public awareness, advocacy and lobbying campaigns

      • Workshops with municipalities and ministries

      • Harmonization of the legislation (Housing Law and Construction Law)


Project beneficiaries
PROJECT BENEFICIARIES

Financial

modelling

Loan

Construction

Construction companies

Financial institutions

Homeowners’ associations

Housing

management

Training

Capacity dev.

Individual homeowners

High school students

Investment

& job creation

Training

Advocacy

Unemployed workers

Entrepreneurs/employers

Societal

platform

Advocacy

Awareness

Government: central/local

General public


Mid term review fy12 lessons learned
MID-TERM REVIEW: FY12 LESSONS LEARNED

  • Testing vs. Implementation of financing models

    • Simultaneous: risky

    • Consecutive: limited time frame

  • Sustainability/replicability of models and practices

  • Context change

    • Favorable

    • Unfavorable

  • Lack of mechanisms in reaching consent of homeowners

  • Awareness: Skopje vs. Macedonia average

  • Dependence on municipal procedures and funding:

    • Uncertainty with the political will/decisions

    • Uncertainty with the availability and procedure for matching funds

    • Municipal prioritization in buildings selection

    • Construction permits/approvals issue


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