Innovation in science education la main la p te case study
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Innovation in science education : La main à la pâte case study. David Jasmin, [email protected] , La main à la pâte , France OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17-18 November 2008. French Context. Primary education 61 000 primary schools 350 000 classes

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Innovation in science education la main la p te case study

Innovation in science education : La main à la pâte case study

David Jasmin, [email protected], La main à la pâte, France

OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17-18 November 2008


French context

French Context

  • Primary education

    • 61 000 primary schools

    • 350 000 classes

    • Kindergarten: 99.5% of the 3 – 6 years old

    • Elementary: 100 % of the 6 – 11 years old

  • Primary school teachers

    • Polyvalent teachers (same teacher for all subjects)

    • Recruited at levels high school +0 (1960s) to high school +5 (1993)

    • 80 % literary

  • Primary educational system

    • Top-down and pyramidal system

    • National curriculum but local diversity

    • Focus on reading/ writing/ counting

      In 1995 < 3% classes practicing science (Often biology, Frontal pedagogy..)

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


A brief history of la main la p te 2

A brief history of La main à la pâte (2)

  • 1995 – 1996

    • Georges Charpak : Inquiry based science education (IBSE) small scale experimentation in 344 classes

  • 1998

    • Launch of the La main à la pâteWebsite

  • 2000

    • The experimentation has expanded to over 5 000 classes

    • The Ministry launch an official Plan for science teaching

    • Creation of La main à la pâte pilot centers

    • development of international partnerships

  • 2002

    • New official Curriculuminspired by La main à la pâte

  • 2003-2008

    • National resources for teachers and trainers ( guides/ DVD..)

  • 2006 : launch of an experimental program (Integrated science and technology teaching for grade 6 – 7 ‏and the European project : POLLEN

  • 2007

    • > 30 % teachers teach science with an active pedagogy

    • National K 5 pupils assessment in Science ( results in 2008)

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


From innovation to generalization

From innovation to generalization…

  • Main problem : quality and substainability

  • Scale-up strategy

     Tools ( science note book, high quality resources …)

     Teacher training Use of Internet and other media

    Involving teachers in innovative projects

    Implication of the scientific community

     Creation of pilot centers with a systemic approach

     Partnership with institutions and no-conventional actors

     International cooperation

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Teacher training put teachers in children s role

Teacher training : put teachers in children’s role

  • 2 aspects :

    • teaching practice

    • scientific concepts

  • Involve trainers & scientists

  • To train teachers as children will be taught

  • Embody theorical approach in a active practice of science for a sustainable and internal change of teaching

  • Involve in resource productions (class sequences, books, Websites...)

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Internet a powerful tool

Internet a powerful tool

  • 200 000 visitors / month

  • 10.000 registered people

  • > 200 teachers free activities

  • Scientists and trainers network..

  • www.lamap.fr

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Innovative projects

Innovative projects

  • Beginning with shadows, angles & parallels

  • Connect schools at different latitudes (> 10 countries)

  • Determine Earth’s radius, dispersion of data

  • Integrate Math, Astronomy, Measure, Geography, History, Writing

  • Publication of a book + CDROM (2002) : for teachers & parents

Other projects : Living with the Sun, European discoveries, Marco Polo…

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


I nvolvement of scientists in primary education astep www astep fr

Involvement of scientists in primary education (ASTEP) www.astep.fr

Supporting in class

Supporting collaborative projects

Supporting through sponsorship

ASTEP

Supporting resources production

Supporting teacher training

Supporting from a distance

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Creation of pilot centers a systemic approach

Creation of pilot centers : a systemic approach

  • training

  • resources

Teacher

  • Material kits

  • resource centres

  • support by

  • scientisits

  • Website and forum

Thematic projects

Evaluation

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


International networking

International networking

Collaboration with > 30 countries and 3 regional areas through the network of Academy of sciences

Example : La main à la pâte in Europe

  • POLLEN European project (2006-2009 ), coordinated by La main à la pâte – 12 countries, 1500 teachers and 30000 pupils at the present time.

  • Recent report from a group of European experts : Science education now : a renewed pedagogy for the future of Europe (May 2007) – Pollen and Sinus Transfer as reference projects.

  • French Presidency of the European Union : international conference on science education – Paris, October 8-9, 2008.

  • Next Project ? Fibonnacci : science City twinning…

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Partenership and scale up strategy

Partenership and scale-up strategy

Académie des sciences

INRP

Ecole normale supérieure

Ministry of

education

Global strategy

Scientific

community

  • Internet Site

  • Resources Centers

  • Pilot Centers/seed city

  • Resources publication

Curricula

Teachers training

(IUFM/university)

350 000 classes

(61 000 schools)

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Key elements for successful scaling up

Key elements for successful scaling-up

  • Content : inquiry based pedagogy/ interdisciplinary/ new tools..

  • Organization : local model / teacher oriented / systemic approach/ local partners..

  • Politic : role of the Academy of science / partnership with ministry of education/ and prestigious scientific institutions / international cooperation

  • Communication : focused on teachers/ media coverage through well-know scientists/ activities opened to parents..

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • In 10 years : science in 3%  > 30% classes in primary school + a new experimentation in junior high schools

  • Teacher training and coaching is the main issue for generalization

  • Positive feedback from teachers, society and higher education

  • For an effective impulsion and coordination, Academy of sciences, Ministry of Education and local authorities have to work hand in hand

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Appendix

Appendix


General philosophy of la main la p te

General philosophy of La main à la pâte

  • Science as an inquiry, as an investigation

  • Something pupils do, not something that is done for them

  • Teacher helps pupils to built their own knowledge

  • Emphasis is put on

    • Interrogation

    • Action

    • Experimentation

    • collective reconstruction

    • not on learning statements to be memorized!

  • Pupils get a deeper understanding when they try to present in an oral or written (science notebook) way their conclusion and to confront the with experimental results

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


The 10 principles of la main la p te

The 10 principles of La main à la pâte

  • Children observe & experiment on real, close objects/phenomena.

  • Children argue and reason, share ideas, build knowledge.

  • Teacher proposes activities organized in sequences, leaving ample space for children autonomy.

  • Spend a minimum of 2 hours/week on same theme, for several weeks. Ensure continuity over the 5-6 years of elementary school.

  • Have children keep their Experiment Notebook with their own words.

  • Aim to an appropriation of scientific concepts/procedures along with a language (oral & written) acquisition.

  • Associate family & neighborhood.

  • Scientific partners to accompany the action.

  • Involve the trainers : learning by doing.

  • Create Internet resources & exchanges : www.inrp.fr/lamap

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


La main la p te partners

La main à la pâte partners

INRP

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Discussion list exchanges

Discussion list exchanges

  • Message 1 :Hello,I am a teacher in grade 5 and we just started to study objects animated by the wind. Here are some of them : a windmill, the kind of mills you can find in funfairs, weathercocks, preferably " solid " ; kites that would be attached to big sticks in order to float, non-stuffed scarecrows… You can also use your imagination.Pupils also found for me plans in revision books, like Hatier, Hachette…Good luck for your " planting "Agnès

  • Message 2 :Hello,I would advise you to go have a quick look on the website from the Paul Bert school in SENS.A complete work on " air, wind " has been carried out by these colleagues (NB : an article in the excellent magazine Moniteur92 (consulting address below) about the website)CordiallyMichel Le journal des nouvelles technologies à l'écolehttp://www.crdp.ac-versailles.fr/cddp92/monit92/default.htm

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Questions to scientists

Questions to scientists

  • QuestionWithin the framework of manipulations about water, we made steam by heating water with 6-year olds. During the elaboration of the account, the children were willing to write: "the steam escapes and disappears in the air". The last remark bothers me in the way that after holding a glass over the steam, the children saw that there was condensation… What else can we say but " the steam disappears in the air " ?

  • Jean Basdevant, researcher at the Ecole Polytechnique answers the question by e-mail within 48 hours...Hello, The children are always right. The steam disappears effectively; that is to say we don't see it any longer, it no longer "appears". The steam is a gaz composed with water that mixes to the air and that we don't see (like we don't see perfume we can smell in the air, though it has a color in the bottle). Water, thus mixed with air, can reappear as tiny drops, like in clouds or condensing over a glass, if the conditions help, for example if it is cold. Have a look at your kettle. The "steam" that comes out of it is visible. It condenses in droplets of water at its contact with the air around that is colder when it is dense, but then it gets diluted and… it disappears.It can also reappear by condensation on the windows or on the ceiling. Carry out the experiment to leave your glass near the steam for a long time. After some time, the steam will not condense on it any longer, because it will have heated up. I think there is confusion between " steam " that come out from steam-machines that you can see because it is condensed water, and real water steam that is water in a gaseous state like butane.

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Questions to trainers

Questions to trainers

  • QuestionWhat experiments can I carry out about salt marshes with 3 to 5 year olds ?

  • Answer from Elisabeth Plé , trainer at the IUFM from Reims, center of Troyes, by e-mail within 48 hours...You can make yourself a small salt marsh by putting sea water (since you live in La Rochelle) to evaporate. You will then look for ideal conditions for the evaporation to work. Of course, in kindergarten, it is not possible to consider a separation of factors, but you can try to find a solution to " spread out " water under the sun, like in a salt marsh. For example, you can put the water under the sun in plates or iron biscuit box tops. The operation takes a long time.You can also try to find with the children other ways to heat water. For them, the sun takes the water away , " drinks it " ; the representation of the sun as a source of heat is not immediate. It is an obstacle to know about when you want to carry out this type of work. When you get over it, you can heat the sea water in a sauce pan and get the white powder that appears, miraculously for the children. It is also interesting to " make " sea water and to get back the salt you put in it. You work on the (visible) disappearance of the salt by adding water, and then the reappearance by evaporation (in the saucepan).The progression. If the children from your class in La Rochelle are not very familiar with salt marshes, it might as well be interesting to carry out researches in class, to become a salt producer, and then to go visit the salt marsh. The children will then ask questions to a specialist with " producer questions ". They have a better view of the small-scale and industrial making process.

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Scientific patronage

Scientific patronage

Example : Integrated science and technology teaching (grade 6 - 7)‏

  • 30 junior high schools officially engaged in 5 French counties regions

  • For each region : a science academician patronage

  • In each secondary school, a single teacher (biology-geology, physics-chemistry or technology) for each group of pupils

  • 3.5 to 4.5 hours of « Science and technology » per week

  • TEACHING RESSOURCES: http://science-techno-college.net/

  • Progressive guidelines and teaching materials proposed by the Académie des sciences (available online):

    • - “What is the world made of ? ” Mater and materials (grade 6)‏

    • - “How does the world work? ” Energy and energies (grade 5)‏

  • Resource book written by professional scientists

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


Innovation in science education la main la p te case study

Inquiry based science in the World

China

Vietnam

S. Korea

Malaysia

Serbia

Romania

Slovaquia

Quebec

Belgium

Afghanistan

Mexico

Haiti

Sri Lanka

Morocco

Algeria

Associated countries

Hands-on

La main à la pâte

Colombia

Brazil

Chile

Direct collaborations

Senegal

Gabon

Lebanon

Egypt

Madagascar

Mauritius

David Jasmin, Innovation in science education, OECD-Germany Workshop, Bad Honnef, , 17 November 2008


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