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Background…. 1946: Born in CT… Raised in TX 1968: Yale - History degree 1975: Harvard - MBA 1975- 88: Oil industry 1989: Invests in Texas Rangers 1994: Gov. of Texas (2 X) 2000: Elected President 2004 Re-elected. The 2000 Election “Highly controversial”. 537 vote difference in FL

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background
Background…
  • 1946: Born in CT… Raised in TX
  • 1968: Yale - History degree
  • 1975: Harvard - MBA
  • 1975- 88: Oil industry
  • 1989: Invests in Texas Rangers
  • 1994: Gov. of Texas (2 X)
  • 2000: Elected President
  • 2004 Re-elected
the 2000 election highly controversial
The 2000 Election“Highly controversial”
  • 537 vote difference in FL
  • The electoral vote on election night:Bush: 246 Gore255
  • Electoral votes in states to close to call… 25 FL, 5 NM & 7 OR
  • Gore lost his home state of TE
the 2000 election
The 2000 Election
  • Additional controversy…
    • The Palm Beach “Butterfly ballot”…
    • Hanging chads…
the 2000 election highly controversial1
The 2000 Election- “Highly controversial”
  • Both parties legally challenge results
  • Undecided for 30 days
  • The U.S. Supreme Court voted…

7-2 vote ends the recount

5-4 no new recount

  • Gore disagreed, but conceded
same sex marriage becomes a national controversy
Same-sex marriage becomes a national controversy…
  • Bush opposes same-sex marriage & supports civil unions
  • Bush endorses the Federal Marriage Amendment …Defines marriage as a union between one man & one woman…. The amendment does not pass
no child left behind act
No Child Left Behind Act
  • A federal law designed to reform public education by establishing standards, accountability for performance & the threat of withholding federal funding.
  • Criticism of NCLB…
    • No federal funding to support the program
    • The value of “high stakes testing”
economic policies
Economic policies…

To avoid a predicted recession & stimulate the economy Bush pushes for a $1.35 trillion tax cut…

slide10
The economy under GWB (negative)…
  • National debt $5.75T to over $9T
  • Poverty has increased
  • Income for most American families has not increased

The economy under GWB (positive)…

  • GDP averaging 2.5% growth
  • Dow Jones up 30% since 2001
  • Unemployment 4.5%
protecting children
Protecting Children…
  • Amber Alert (2003) - Quickly alerts the public about child abductions
foreign policies
Foreign Policies
  • The KP is an international treaty that sets limits on the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) by industrialized countries. The overall goal of the Kyoto Protocol is to stop human-induced climate change.
  • The agreement "recognizes that developed countries are principally responsible for the current high levels of GHG emissions in the atmosphere as a result of more than 150 years of industrial activity, and places a heavier burden on developed nations under the principle of \'common but differentiated responsibilities‘.”
  • The US signed, but did not ratify the Protocol
  • When G.W. Bush was elected President, he was asked about climate change & he said that he took the issue "very seriously.”Later Bush opposed the Kyoto treaty, because "it exempts 80% of the world, including major population centers such as China and India, from compliance, and would cause serious harm to the US economy".
  • Withdrew from the 1998 Kyoto Protocol…
the sept 11 2001 attacks
The Sept. 11, 2001 attacks…
  • The World Trade Center in NYC
  • The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia
  • A passenger airliner in Shanksville, PA
  • 3,000 PEOPLE DIED ON 9/11

A turning point in our national history

the war in afghanistan oct 2001
The War in AfghanistanOct. 2001
  • The U.S. & NATO forces invade Afghanistan & overthrow the Taliban
  • Secret programs gather intelligence by monitoring bank accounts & telephone records
  • The Patriot Act is passed by Congress
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Following 9/11 GWB orders the NSA to monitor communications between “suspected terrorists and parties within the United States”

No FISA (Federal Intelligence Surveillance Act) Warrant .

LEGAL????????

military commissions act of 2006
Military Commissions Act of 2006
  • Military trials for terrorists & other unlawful enemy combatants
  • Detains "enemy combatants" indefinitely in a military prison
  • No Habeas Corpus or lawyer
  • Constitutional????
guantanamo gitmo bay detainment camp
Guantanamo (Gitmo) Bay Detainment Camp
  • Military prison & interrogation
  • Holds suspected al-Qaeda & Taliban operatives
  • Criticism…
usa patriot act october 26 2001
USA PATRIOT ActOctober 26, 2001

- The Uniting & Strengthening of America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept & Obstruct Terrorism Act (2001)

Renewed March of 2006

provisions of the patriot act
Provisions of the Patriot Act
  • Amended immigration laws
  • Amended banking & money laundering laws
  • Defines… Domestic terrorism

International terrorism

Terrorist activity

Terrorist organization

Broadens surveillance

  • Critics warn that the Patriot Act threatens basic freedoms…Without “probable cause” the government can access… Medical, Tax, library & Internet records and conduct secret searches.
dept of homeland security
Dramatically expands the authority of law enforcement in order to fight terrorism.Dept. of Homeland Security
  • DHS protects the US from terrorist attack & responds to natural disasters
  • The 3rd largest cabinet… 185,000 employees
  • Reorganized/ combined 22 existing agencies
the iraq war operation iraqi freedom
The Iraq War: "Operation Iraqi Freedom"
  • Saddam Hussein was believed to have WMDs…
  • WMDs could “potentially fall into the hands of terrorists”
  • Bush urges the UN to enforce disarmament mandates
  • UN weapons inspectors search for weapons… Iraqi is uncooperative
  • Bush wanted to defeat terrorism by promoting democracy...
  • The "coalition of the willing"…
the iraqi war death toll as of july 2006
The Iraqi War death toll as of July, 2006…
  • The US: 3,753 deaths…27,186 wounded

- Afghanistan 440

  • Coalition Forces: 4,058
  • Iraqi’s: 71,000 - 78,000 civilian deaths
the 9 11 commission
The 9/11 Commission
  • The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the US
  • Created to…
    • Report on the circumstances surrounding 9/11 attacks
    • Evaluate our readiness for and response
    • Provide recommendations designed to guard against future attacks
  • 9/11 Commission concluded that Iraq under Saddam Hussein was attempting to acquire WMD, but no stock piles existed
  • No nuclear threat existed
the 9 11 commission report homeland security emergency response report card
The 9/11 Commission Report:Homeland Security Emergency Response Report Card
  • Communication for 1st responders- F
  • Incident Command System- C
  • Allocation of HS funds- F
  • Protection of infrastructure- D
  • Private sector preparedness C
  • Nat. Strat. for Transport. Security- C-
  • Air passenger pre-screening- F
  • Air passenger explosive screening- C
  • Bag/ cargo screening- D
  • Terrorist travel strategy I
results of the 2004 election
Results of the 2004 Election

Pop Vote % States EV

  • Rep: Bush

62,040,610 50.7 31 286

  • Dem:

59,028,111 48.3 19 251

  • Other: Ralph Nader

463,653 .4% 0 0

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