Poetry terms
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Poetry Terms. Alliteration. Repetition of a consonant. Example P eter, P eter P umpkin Eater. Assonance. Repetition of a vowel sound. Example P e ter, P e ter pumpkin ea ter had a wife and couldn’t k ee p her. Ballads. A songlike poem that tells a story, usually adventure or romance.

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Alliteration
Alliteration

Repetition of a consonant

  • Example

  • Peter, Peter Pumpkin Eater


Assonance
Assonance

Repetition of a vowel sound

Example

Peter, Peter pumpkin eater had a wife

and couldn’t keep her.


Ballads
Ballads

A songlike poem that tells a story, usually adventure or romance


Concrete poetry
Concrete Poetry

A poem that has the shape of the poem’s subject


Dramatic poetry
Dramatic Poetry

Poetry that involves the techniques of drama


End rhyme
End rhyme

Rhyme at the end of a line


Free verse
Free Verse

Poetry not written in regular rhythmic pattern


Haiku
Haiku

3 line Japanese verse form

  • Line 1 & 3 are five syllables

  • Line 2 is seven syllables


Imagery
Imagery

Descriptive language to recreate sensory experiences

*it is writing that appeals to your senses to help you visualize the subject – imagine it


Internal rhyme
Internal rhyme

Rhyme within a line of poetry


Jargon
Jargon

Slang or confusing language


Lyric poetry
Lyric poetry

Highly musical poem that expresses feeling


Metaphor
Metaphor

A comparison between two unlike things

Example:

“Juliet is the sun”


Meter
Meter

Rhythmic pattern in a poem


Musical devices
Musical Devices

Poetic devices that have musical qualities


Narrative poetry
Narrative Poetry

Poetry that tells a story


Onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia

Use of words that imitate the sound it makes

Example:

Buzz, Woof, Pow, Wee


Personification
Personification

Giving an object humanlike qualities

Example:

Beauty and the Beast – Mrs. Potts


Poetry
Poetry

Literature that uses highly concise, musical, emotional language


Prose
Prose

Ordinary form of written language

NOT poetry, drama, or song


Refrain
Refrain

Repeated line/group of lines in a poem or song


Repetition
Repetition

Use of a sound, word, or phrase more than once


Repetition1
Repetition

Use of a sound, word, or phrase more than once


Rhyme
Rhyme

Repetition of sound at the end of words


Rhyme scheme
Rhyme Scheme

Regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem

Remember the Shakespearean Sonnet:

ABAB CDCD EFEF GG


Rhythm
Rhythm

Pattern of beats (stresses) in poetry


Simile
Simile

Comparison of two unlike things using like or as


Symbols
Symbols

Something that stands for something else


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