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EARLY AMERICAN PRESIDENTS. George Washington. 1789-1797 No Political Party VP – John Adams. George Washington. Was not a Politician Relied on His Cabinet for Help. Alexander Hamilton. Secretary of Treasury Raised taxes to cover debt from Revolutionary War

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George washington
George Washington

  • 1789-1797

  • No Political Party

  • VP – John Adams

George washington1
George Washington

  • Was not a Politician

  • Relied on His Cabinet for Help

Alexander hamilton
Alexander Hamilton

  • Secretary of Treasury

    • Raised taxes to cover debt from Revolutionary War

    • Created 1st National Bank to hold all tax money

Alexander hamilton1
Alexander Hamilton

  • Secretary of Treasury

    • The bank upset those who feared a strong national gov’t (Anti-Federalists)

Jay s treaty
Jay’s Treaty

  • Allowed Great Britain to keep some military forts in US in NW territories

  • First time Americans became upset with George Washington

Political parties

Political Parties

Began to emerge during Washington’s Presidency

John adams
John Adams

  • 1797 – 1801

  • Federalist

  • VP – Thomas Jefferson

John adams1
John Adams

  • XYZ Affair

    • America refused to bribe French officials to stop piracy of US Ships

John adams2
John Adams

  • Alien &Sedition Act

    • illegal to criticize gov’t officials w/o proof

    • Upset Dem-Rep cause violated First Amendment

Thomas jefferson
Thomas Jefferson

  • 1801-1809

  • Democratic– Republican

  • Aaron Burr, George Clinton

Thomas jefferson1
Thomas Jefferson

  • Election of 1800

    • First Peaceful Transfer of Power

  • TJ’s Goal

    • Reduce the role and size of federal government

Thomas jefferson2
Thomas Jefferson

  • Embargo Act

    • Eliminated trade with foreign countries in Europe due to piracy (robberies)

Supreme court
Supreme Court

  • Under Jefferson, Supreme Court sought to establish its power in the new gov’t

Thomas jefferson3
Thomas Jefferson

  • Marbury vs. Madison

    • Established Judicial Review for all court cases in US

Supreme court1
Supreme Court

  • Chief Justice John Marshall

  • 1st Chief Justice

  • Wanted to make judicial branch stronger

Supreme court2
Supreme Court

  • McCullough vs Maryland

    • Reaffirmed national gov’t power over states

    • Illegal for state to sue national govt

James madison
James Madison

  • 1809-1817

  • Democratic-Republican

  • Eldridge Gary

War of 1812
War of 1812

  • 1812-1814

  • US and Great Britain fought for freedom of the sea over Britain’s help for Native Americans

War of 18121
War of 1812

  • Extremely unpopular war on both sides

Treaty of ghent
Treaty of Ghent

  • Officially ended War

  • Neutral victory

  • America gained Oregon Territory

  • Americans began to move into FL (Spanish Territory)

James monroe
James Monroe

  • 1817 – 1825

  • National Republican

  • VP - Daniel Tompkins

James monroe1
James Monroe

  • Wanted Europe to stay out of US Affairs

  • Created a rise in Nationalism in America

James monroe2
James Monroe

  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    • US acquired the Florida Territory from Spain

Monroe doctrine
Monroe Doctrine

  • Created to keep Europe out of the affairs of America

  • It had four major provisions (essential Knowledge)

Monroe doctrine1

  • The American continents should not be considered for future colonization by any European powers.

  • Nations in the Western Hemisphere were inherently different from those of Europe, republics by nature rather than monarchies.

Monroe doctrine2

  • The United States would regard as a threat to its own peace and safety any attempt by European powers to impose their system on any independent state in the Western Hemisphere.

  • The United States would not interfere in European affairs.

Presidential newspaper
Presidential Newspaper

  • Title

  • Political Cartoon

  • Editorial (3 paragraphs)

    • Opinionated letter about how the President is doing his job

  • 2 articles concerning events from the President

  • Make your paper a Federalist or Democratic Republican Paper

Presidents paper p o v
Presidents/Paper P.O.V.

  • George Washington – Democratic Republican

  • John Adams – Federalists

  • Thomas Jefferson – Federalists

  • James Madison – Democratic Republican

  • James Monroe – Democratic Republican