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University of California (UC) Doctoral Student Career and Life Survey Findings, 2006-2007. Mary Ann Mason Marc Goulden Karie Frasch Sharon Page-Medrich University of California, Berkeley. University of California (UC) Doctoral Student Career and Life Survey.

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University of California (UC) Doctoral Student Career and Life Survey Findings, 2006-2007

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University of california uc doctoral student career and life survey findings 2006 2007 l.jpg

University of California (UC) Doctoral Student Career and Life Survey Findings, 2006-2007

Mary Ann Mason

Marc Goulden

Karie Frasch

Sharon Page-Medrich

University of California, Berkeley


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University of California (UC) Doctoral Student Career and Life Survey

  • An 18-page Web survey assessed the attitudes of doctoral students (second year and higher) toward current and future career and life issues and their satisfaction with their degree program, with special attention to issues affecting student parents.

  • Launched at UC Berkeley in fall 2006 and at the other UC campuses (except Merced) in spring 2007, an overall 43% rate was achieved(8,373 respondents/19,678 surveyed) and an estimated 48% response rate among women doctoral students.

  • Respondents’ Basic Demographics

  • 51% of respondents are women but women are only 45% of

  • UC’s doctoral student population (second year+).

  • 14% of women and 12% of men have been parents as doctoral students.

  • 34% of women and 33% of men are married.

  • 17% of women and 11% of men are partnered.

  • 5% of women and 3% of men are divorced/not remarried.

  • Women are on average 1 year older than men: age 31 vs. 30.

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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UC Doctoral Student Career and Life Survey:Response Rates by Campus

*Bad email addresses are excluded from number surveyed and response rate calculation.

**Estimated based on percent of women among surveyed population (according to the local campus) and percent of women among survey respondents (self-reported by respondents).


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UC Doctoral Students:As you think about your future career plans, how concerned are you about the family friendliness of possible career paths?

Women

Men

N=3,948

N=3,648

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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As you think about possible future career paths and family issues, how family friendly do you imagine each of the following job types to be?UC Doctoral Students by Gender

N=7,294 to 7,550 3,481 to 3,596 3,784 to 3,923

*vs. not too or not at all family friendly.

Yellow shading indicates the group’s response is significantly higher than the other group’s response (P<.001).

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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PercentImagining Tenure-Track Faculty Careers at Research-Intensive Universities to Be Very or Somewhat Family Friendly*by New Child Born/Adopted as PhD Student & Paid Status at Event

*vs. not too or not at all family friendly

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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Percent Rating Tenure-Track Faculty Careers at Research Intensive Univ. as Very or Somewhat Family Friendly by Perceived Commonness of Women Faculty in Their Department/Unit Having Children

Total N=

319

968

1,660

730

133

602

1,393

919

Women

Doctoral

Students

Not at all common

Not too common

Somewhat common

Very common

Perceived Commonness of Women Faculty in Department/Unit Having Children

Men

Doctoral

Students

Not at all common

Not too common

Somewhat common

Very common

Percent Rating Tenure-Track Faculty Careers at Research

Intensive Universities as Very or Somewhat Family Friendly

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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Career Goal at

Start of PhD

Current Goal

Men

Men

*Professor w.

Research

Emphasis

N=3710

N=3672

Career Goal at

Start of PhD

Current Goal

Women

Women

UC PhD

Students

Changing

Career Goals

N=3994

N=3936

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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Career Goal at

Start of PhD

Current Goal

Men

Men

*Professor w.

Research

Emphasis

N=1774

N=1754

Career Goal at

Start of PhD

Current Goal

Women

Women

PTEM**

UC PhD

Students

Changing

Career Goals

N=856

N=840

**Includes physical sc., technology, engineer., & math.

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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Reasons Most Commonly Cited by UC PhD Students for Shifting Career Goal away from Professor with Research Emphasis

*”Not applicable” is excluded from analysis.

N=956 to 1,201 402 to 529 550 to 666

Yellow shading indicates the group’s response is significantly higher than the other group’s response (P<.01).

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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Percent of UC PhD Students Dissatisfied* with Current Aspects of their Experience, By Gender

N=7,790 to 8,300 3,741 to 4,034 4,008 to 4,219

*Dissatisfied includes “Not too” and “Not at all satisfied” vs. “Very” and “Somewhat satisfied.”

Yellow shading indicates the group’s response is significantly higher than the other group’s response (P<.001).

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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UC PhD Students:Whether or not you currently have children, do you expect to have or adopt any in the future?

If “yes,” would you consider having children as a PhD student?

Women

Men

N=4,066

N=3,796

Women

Men

N=2,619

N=2,394

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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Reasons Cited for Not Having or Being Uncertain about Having a Child as a UC PhD Stud. (slide 1 of 2)(among those planning to have children in the future)

*”Not applicable” is excluded from analysis.

N=3,880-4,353 1,607-2,006 2,199-2,330

Yellow shading indicates the group’s response is significantly higher than the other group’s response (P<.001).

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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Reasons Cited for Not Having or Being Uncertain about Having a Child as a UC PhD Stud. (slide 2 of 2)(among those planning to have children in the future)

*”Not applicable” is excluded from analysis.

N= 1,788-4,312 828-1,983 953-2,314

Yellow shading indicates the group’s response is significantly higher than the other group’s response (P<.001).

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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Everybody is Busy (UC Doctoral Students)

N=543 452 3436 3215

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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UC Doctoral Student Parents and Career-Family Conflict

N=409

491

435

510

385

436

404

436

457

547

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).

Note: These questions were based on Robert Drago’s Mapping Project Survey Instrument (http://lsir.la.psu.edu/workfam/facultysurvey.htm).


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UC Doctoral Student Parents and Career-Family Support/Flexibility

N=459

549

420

530

463

545

411

515

450

534

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).

Note: Some questions were based on Robert Drago’s Mapping Project Survey Instrument (http://lsir.la.psu.edu/workfam/facultysurvey.htm).


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Career Duties That Place Stress on UC Doctoral Student Parenting

Career Duties

Meeting teaching obligations

Meeting deadlines for grants/fellowships

Attending seminars, colloquia, dept. meetings

Research/writing (part of paid work)

Attending conferences/presenting papers

Conducting time-sensitive experiments

Field research away from home

Research/writing (PhD program)

N=

328

386

363

444

427

503

365

398

397

488

250

218

296

375

453

523

Percent of UC Doctoral Student Parents Experiencing a “Great Deal” of Stress in Parenting as a Result of Specific Educational/Career Duty

(“Not Applicable” is excluded. “Some,” “A little,” and “None” responses are grouped.)

Source: Mason, Mary Ann and Marc Goulden. 2006. “UC Doctoral Student Career Life Survey.” (http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu/grad%20life%20survey.html).


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Elongating Career Timelines (Mean Time-to-Events):U.S. Science & Social Sci. PhDs Who Achieve Tenure, 1985-1999*

*Mean age calculations are based on PhD Recipients who are given up to 14 years from PhD receipt to achieve tenure;

e.g., 1999 includes SDR respondents who received their PhD in 1985-1987.

Source: NSF, SDR Sciences, 1973-1999.

Note: The use of NSF Data does not imply the endorsement of research methods or conclusions contained in this report.


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