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US History. Unit 8, Week 1. Block Day 2/13 and 2/14. Agenda HOT ROC: Violence Failures of Reconstruction Mini-Lecture Emmett Till: Justifying Racial Violence in the South Essential Question How did Southerners justify the brutal murder of Emmett Till? Homework Cornell Notes pg. 568-570.

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Us history

US History

Unit 8, Week 1


Block day 2 13 and 2 14
Block Day 2/13 and 2/14

  • Agenda

    • HOT ROC: Violence

    • Failures of Reconstruction Mini-Lecture

    • Emmett Till: Justifying Racial Violence in the South

  • Essential Question

    • How did Southerners justify the brutal murder of Emmett Till?

  • Homework

    • Cornell Notes pg. 568-570


Hot roc violence
HOT ROC: Violence

  • What leads someone to act violently towards someone else? Under what circumstances do you think violence is justified (if you think it ever is)?


Reconstruction
Reconstruction

  • Reconstruction(1865-1877): rebuilding the South post-Civil War and healing the nation’s wounds

    • 13th Amendment: abolishes slavery

    • 14th Amendment: blacks are citizens and equal before the law

    • 15th Amendment:


The great betrayal
“The Great Betrayal”

  • Compromise of 1877: disputed Presidential election of 1876

    • Hayes (Northern Republican) vs. Tilden (Southern Democrat)

    • Hayes given Presidency, agrees to end Reconstruction and the north’s military occupation of the south.

    • Known as the “Great Betrayal”


Failures of reconstruction
Failures of Reconstruction

  • Southern Democrats aim to save South by “returning it to the white man’s rule”

    • Poll Taxes and Literacy Tests stop blacks from voting

    • Jim Crow Laws create segregation

    • Ku Klux Klan terrorizes blacks through lynching


The story of emmett till
The Story of Emmett Till

  • Emmett Tillwas a 14 year old black boy from Chicago. He came to Money, Mississippi to visit relatives. On August 28, 1955 Emmett Till was brutally murdered for “whistling” at a white woman. Despite overwhelming evidence, his killers were set free after a short trial. The case galvanized the nation.



Mamie till s reaction
Mamie Till’s reaction Till?

  • Emmett’s mom had grown up in the south and moved to Chicago. She refused to let Emmett’s death be just another forgotten lynching.

  • She held an open casket funeral in Chicago that was attended by thousands from the community and got national attention.

  • The trial to convict his murderers also got national news coverage.

  • When his murderers were found not guilty by an all-white jury, she tried to appeal the case.

  • Once found innocent, the murderers sold the story of how they did it to Look Magazine.

  • Mamie Till then appealed to President Eisenhower to take action against the confessed killers, but he refused.


The murder of emmett till
The Murder of Emmett Till Till?

  • As we analyze the circumstances of Emmett Till’s murder, it is important to also reflect on who we are as individuals and how we are viewed in society.

  • Using markers and colored construction paper, draw the outline of your hand.

  • Inside the hand, write or draw things that shape your identity, such as gender, names, religion, physical features, languages, family, political beliefs, etc.You should not put anything on this chart you’re not willing to share.

  • Outside of the hand outline, write or draw examples of how other people identify or "label" you (both positive and negative labels).


How did southerners justify the brutal murder of emmett till1
How did Southerners justify the brutal murder of Emmett Till?

  • Historians and sociologists today still argue over how people are able to justify such disgusting acts of racial violence in their minds. Today we seek to answer that question looking at the case of Emmett Till. How did Southerners justify the brutal murder of Emmett Till?

  • Read through Documents A-D and collect evidence supporting the THREE HYPOTHESES at the top of your graphic organizer

  • You need to find TWO PIECES OF EVIDENCE for each hypothesis. Be sure to record both the SOURCE information and a QUOTATION


Trayvon martin february 26 2012
Trayvon Till? Martin: February 26, 2012


Friday 2 14
Friday 2/14 Till?

  • Agenda

    • HOT ROC: Literacy Test

    • Buildup to the Civil Rights Movement

  • Essential Question

    • What led to the Civil Rights Movement?

  • Homework

    • Have a fantastic break!


Literacy test practice alabama 1965
Literacy Test Practice (Alabama: 1965) Till?

1. Which of the following is a right guaranteed by the Bill of Rights?

_____Public Education

_____Employment

_____Trial by Jury

_____Voting

2. The federal census of population is taken every five years. (True or False?)

3. If a person is indicted for a crime, name two rights which he has.

4. A U.S. senator elected at the general election in November takes office the following year on what date?

5. A President elected at the general election in November takes office the following year

on what date?

6. Which definition applies to the word “amendment?”

_____Proposed change, as in a Constitution

_____Make of peace between nationals at war

_____A part of the government

7. A person appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court is appointed for a term of __________ ?

8. When the Constitution was approved by the original colonies, how many states had to

ratify it in order for it to be in effect?

9. Does enumeration affect the income tax levied on citizens in various states?

10. Person opposed to swearing in an oath may say, instead:

(solemnly) _______________________________________


Literacy test practice alabama 19651
Literacy Test Practice (Alabama: 1965) Till?

11. To serve as President of the United States, a person must have attained:

_____25 years of age

_____35 years of age

_____40 years of age

_____45 years of age

12. What words are required by law to be on all coins and paper currency of the U.S.?

13. The Supreme Court is the chief lawmaking body of the state. (True or False?)

14. If a law passed by a state is contrary to provisions of the U.S. Constitution, which law

prevails?

15. If a vacancy occurs in the U.S. Senate, the state must hold an election, but meanwhile the place may be filled by a temporary appointment made by _________________________

16. A U.S. senator is elected for a term of _____ years.

17. Appropriation of money for the armed services can be only for a period limited to _____ years.

18. The chief executive and the administrative offices make up the ___________________ branch of government.

19. Who passes laws dealing with piracy?

20. The number of representatives which a state is entitled to have in the House of

Representatives is based on________?


Answers
Answers Till?

1. Which of the following is a right guaranteed by the Bill of Rights?

_____Public Education

_____Employment

__X___Trial by Jury

_____Voting

2. The federal census of population is taken every five years. (True or False?)

3. If a person is indicted for a crime, name two rights which he has. Habeas Corpus (immediate presentation of charges); lawyer; speedy trial.

4. A U.S. senator elected at the general election in November takes office the following year on what date? January 3

5. A President elected at the general election in November takes office the following year

on what date? January 20

6. Which definition applies to the word “amendment?”

__X___Proposed change, as in a Constitution

_____Make of peace between nationals at war

_____A part of the government

7. A person appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court is appointed for a term of ____Life (with good behavior) ______ ?

8. When the Constitution was approved by the original colonies, how many states had to

ratify it in order for it to be in effect? 9

9. Does enumeration affect the income tax levied on citizens in various states? Yes

10. Person opposed to swearing in an oath may say, instead: (solemnly) Affirm


Literacy test practice alabama 19652
Literacy Test Practice (Alabama: 1965) Till?

11. To serve as President of the United States, a person must have attained:

_____25 years of age

___X__35 years of age

_____40 years of age

_____45 years of age

12. What words are required by law to be on all coins and paper currency of the U.S.? In God We Trust

13. The Supreme Court is the chief lawmaking body of the state. (True or False?)

14. If a law passed by a state is contrary to provisions of the U.S. Constitution, which law

prevails? US Constitution

15. If a vacancy occurs in the U.S. Senate, the state must hold an election, but meanwhile the place may be filled by a temporary appointment made by ? The Governor

16. A U.S. senator is elected for a term of ___6__years.

17. Appropriation of money for the armed services can be only for a period limited to ___2__years.

18. The chief executive and the administrative offices make up the _________Executive__________branch of government.

19. Who passes laws dealing with piracy? Congress

20. The number of representatives which a state is entitled to have in the House of

Representatives is based on_____Population___?


Boiling points

Boiling Points Till?

What led to the Civil Rights Movement?


Fundamental reasons
Fundamental Reasons Till?

  • WWII

    • Veterans were discriminated against upon their return to the US.

    • An increase in black activism during WWII

      A Philip Randolph’s organized protest of workplace discrimination

  • Blacks in the Urban North

    • Making gains socially, politically, and economically as well as having voting rights unlike those in the south.

  • Strength of the NAACP

    • The organization was attracting support, funding, and new, young members as well as the support of many lawyers (white & black)


Section 44 2
Section 44.2 Till?

No public busing

  • Copy the spoke diagram below into your notebook.

  • In each of the six ovals around the center oval, list one area of life discussed in Section 44.2 in which blacks experienced segregation.

  • Near each of those six ovals, list as many examples as you can that show how segregation affected Americans during this era.


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