Introduction to earth science
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Introduction to Earth Science. What is Science. What is science?. Science is a way of learning about the natural world by gathering information and experimentation. What are some ways we gather information? Observing Inferring Predicting. What is Observing?.

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What is science
What is science?

  • Science is a way of learning about the natural world by gathering information and experimentation.

  • What are some ways we gather information?

    • Observing

    • Inferring

    • Predicting


What is observing
What is Observing?

  • Observing means using one or more senses to gather information.

    • 5 senses

      • Sight

      • Hearing

      • Touch

      • Taste

      • Smell


2 different types of observations
2 Different types of Observations

  • Quantitative observations are measurements or pure data.

    • Ex. The car has 4 wheels.

  • Qualitative observations are descriptions that don’t involve numbers or measurements.

    • Ex. The car is blue.


What is inferring
What is Inferring?

  • When you explain your observations based on reasoning from what you already know, you are inferring.

    • Ex. The sky is grey, therefore it is raining.

    • The questions on the quiz are really hard because Mr. Printz hates me.


What is predicting
What is predicting?

  • Making a forecast or guess of what will happen in the future based in past experience or evidence.

    • Mr. Printz ate tacos, therefore he will be in the bathroom later.

    • Mr. Printz hates me, so there will be a quiz on Friday.


Name the type of observation
Name the type of observation.

  • The water in the cup measured 42 ml.

  • The jar is made of glass.

  • The train ride took 42 minutes.

  • I found 12 yellow ribbons in my bag.


Predicting or inferring
Predicting or Inferring?

  • Mr. Printz gives a lot of quizzes. He walks into class with a stack of papers. You say we are having a quiz.

  • One direction play a lot of terrible music. You hear that there new album just came out. You say that it is terrible.

  • Mr. Printz has commitment issues, so he will never get married.


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