Mission and goals of the msc
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Mission and Goals of the MSC. Keith Clarke MSC Chair December 1 st , 2009. A little history. Civil War Act of Incorporation , signed by President Lincoln on March 3, 1863, established service to the nation as the dominant purpose of the National Academy of Sciences

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Mission and Goals of the MSC

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Mission and goals of the msc

Mission and Goals of the MSC

Keith Clarke

MSC Chair

December 1st, 2009


A little history

A little history

  • Civil War Act of Incorporation, signed by President Lincoln on March 3, 1863, established service to the nation as the dominant purpose of the National Academy of Sciences

  • 1916 Academy establishes the National Research Council at the request of President Wilson to recruit specialists from the larger scientific and technological communities to participate in war advising

  • President Wilson issues executive order at the close of WWI asking the Academy of perpetuate the National Research Council

  • Subsequent executive orders, by Presidents Eisenhower in 1956 and Bush in 1993, have affirmed the importance of the National Research Council and further broadened its charter

  • President Obama addressed the NAS on Apr 27, 2009 stressing value of expert scientific advice to the nation


The national academies today

The National Academies today

  • The National Academies perform an unparalleled public service by bringing together committees of experts in all areas of scientific and technological endeavor

  • Experts serve pro bono to address critical national issues and give advice to the federal government and the public

  • Four organizations comprise the Academies: the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council


Msc origins

MSC Origins

  • In 1989, the National Research Council established the Mapping Science Committee to provide "independent advice to society and to government at all levels on scientific, technical, and policy matters related to spatial information. It promotes the informed and responsible development and use of spatial data for the benefit of society".


Msc and the nsdi

MSC and the NSDI

  • Office of Management and Budget (OMB) established the FGDC in 1990

  • 1994 Presidential Executive Order 12906 “Spatial Data Infrastructure”

  • 1996 MapQuest

  • 1998 Terraserver

  • 1998 Gore Digital Earth speech

  • 2002 Revision of Circular A-16, "Coordination of Geographic Information and Related Spatial Data Activities."

  • 2002 The National Map

  • 2003 Geospatial-one-stop

  • 2005 GoogleEarth


Msc s scope

MSC’s scope

  • Fundamental research and science for advancing geographic information technologies

  • Policies affecting the development and use of spatial data throughout society

  • Technological and institutional developments needed for improving the capabilities of spatial data infrastructures

  • Coordination opportunities and efforts from local to global scales for the collection and dissemination of spatial data

  • Human resources and education in support of the advancement of geographic information science

  • Hardware and software systems in support of the advancement of geographic information science and spatial data infrastructure developments


Msc range of activities

MSC Range of Activities

  • Providing an impartial forum for discussing geospatial issues

  • Developing emerging study ideas

  • Responding to agency requests

  • Outreach

  • Sponsoring the NationalGeospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) Academic Research Program Symposium


Msc work statement

MSC Work Statement

  • The Mapping Science Committee organizes and oversees studies that provide independent advice to society and to government at all levels on scientific, technical, and policy matters relating to spatial data

  • It also addresses aspects of geographic information science that deal with the acquisition, integration, storage, and distribution of spatial data

  • Further, through its studies, the committee promotes the informed and responsible development and use of spatial data for the benefit of society


Our job

Our job

  • Survey and assess the field and its development

  • Solicit ideas on problems and opportunities from the broader community (agencies, academia, private sector)

  • Mechanisms

    • Ad hoc committees established to examine specific topics and make recommendations through peer-reviewed NRC reports

    • Standing committee: “Theme” briefings


Study process

Study Process

  • Ad hoc committee of experts appointed

  • Meetings, workshops, and briefings to gather information

  • Committee synthesizes information and writes report

  • NRC coordinates rigorous independent peer review

  • Briefings on report’s contents and follow-on activities as necessary

  • National Academies Press publishes report on paper and web


Mapping the zone improving flood map accuracy 2009

Mapping the Zone: Improving Flood Map Accuracy(2009)

  • Examines the factors that affect the quality and accuracy of flood maps, assesses the costs and benefits of map improvement efforts, and recommends ways to improve flood mapping, communication, and management of flood-related data.

  • Concludes that even the most expensive aspect of making more accurate maps—collecting high-accuracy, high resolution topographic data—yields more benefits than costs, and that FEMA should continue to invest in updating and improving its flood maps.

  • Sponsors: FEMA and NOAA


Elevation data for floodplain mapping 2007

Elevation Data for Floodplain Mapping(2007)

  • Examines the adequacy of the base map information available to support FEMA’s floodplain map modernization program.

  • Concludes that existing land surface elevation data are not adequate to determine whether a building should have flood insurance.

  • Recommends that high-accuracy LiDAR data be collected nationwide and incorporated into the National Elevation Dataset that the USGS maintains for flood mapping and other applications.

  • Sponsor: National Academies


National land parcel data a vision for the future 2007

National Land Parcel Data: A Vision for the Future(2007)

  • Assesses the status of land parcel data (also known as cadastral data) in the United States.

  • Concludes that nationally-integrated land parcel data is necessary, feasible, and affordable, and recommends ways to establish a practical framework for sustained intergovernmental coordination and funding required to develop a nationally integrated land parcel data system.

  • Sponsors: BLM, Census, DHS, ESRI, and FDGC


A research agenda for geographic information science at the united states geological survey 2007

A Research Agenda for Geographic Information Science at the United States Geological Survey(2007)

  • Assesses current GIScience capabilities at the USGS, recommends strategies for strengthening these capabilities and for collaborating with others to maximize research productivity, and identifies research areas.

  • Calls for an initial focus on improving the capabilities of The National Map, which will require research on information access and dissemination, data integration, and data models.

  • Sponsor: USGS


Successful response starts with a map improving geospatial support for disaster management 2007

Successful Response Starts with a Map: Improving Geospatial Support for Disaster Management (2007)

  • Assesses the use of geospatial data, tools, and infrastructure in disaster management.

  • Recommends significant investments be made in training of personnel, coordination among agencies, sharing of data and tools, planning and preparedness, and development of tools.

  • Sponsors: NASA, NGA, NOAA, and USGS


Beyond mapping meeting national needs through enhanced geographic information science 2006

Beyond Mapping: Meeting National Needs Through Enhanced Geographic Information Science(2006)

  • Assesses the state of mapping sciences and identifies national needs for GIS and GIScience professionals.

  • Recommends increased collaboration among academic disciplines, private companies, and government agencies; the implementation of GIS/GIScience at all levels of education; and the development of a coherent, comprehensive research agenda for the mapping sciences.

  • Sponsors: Census, NGA, NOAA, NSF, and USGS


Priorities for geoint research at the national geospatial intelligence agency 2006

Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency(2006)

  • Defines 12 hard problems in geospatial science that NGA must resolve to meet future needs. Many of these are related to data integration and the handling of spatio-temporal data.

  • Also suggests promising approaches in geospatial science and related disciplines for meeting these challenges.

  • Sponsor: NGA


Studies under way consideration

Studies under way/consideration

  • Spatial Data Enabling USGS Strategic Science in the 21st Century [underway]

  • NGA Workshop on future research directions [underway]

  • NSDI 2: Technical and Governance Challenges and Opportunities

  • Height Modernization

  • Geospatial Time Machine


Some issues

Some issues

  • How can NGAC and MSC collaborate and advance the field?

  • What are the role divergences and how can they be best used?

  • What role does peer review play?

  • Historically, NSDI has been a common factor, will it remain so?

  • How can workforce issues be addressed?


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