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Sec. 3 The Vietnam Years at Home. Many Americans opposed the nation’s involvement in Vietnam. Many others believed that U.S. leaders were not doing enough to win the war. Guiding Question: What factors contributed to the rise of the protest movement?

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Sec 3 the vietnam years at home
Sec. 3 The Vietnam Years at Home

Many Americans opposed the nation’s involvement in Vietnam. Many others believed that U.S. leaders were not doing enough to win the war.

Guiding Question: What factors contributed to the rise of the protest movement?

Essential Vocabulary: counterculture, doves, hawks, Tet Offensive, “silent majority”


The vietnam years at home
The Vietnam Years at Home

Youth Protest

  • The war seemed to split America – division resulted from what people called the generation gap.

  • Some felt conflict in Vietnam was a civil war and should not involve the U.S.

  • Others concerned the costs of U.S. involvement in the war was hurting domestic programs.

  • Many opposed to the Vietnam war were part of the counterculture, a movement that rejected traditional American values.


  • Opposition to the draft forced an end to the draft.

  • Students and other opponents of the war were called doves.

  • Supporters were known as hawks.

  • In October 1967 more than 50,000 people marched to the Pentagon in Washington, D.C.

  • Conscientious objectors burned their draft cards and military registration forms - some fled to Canada.


1968 year of crisis
1968 – Year of Crisis

  • January 23, North Korean boats seized the U.S.S. Pueblo in international waters off Korea.

  • January 31, the North Vietnamese and Vietcong launched a series of attacks throughout South Vietnam known as the Tet Offensive. In military terms the Americans and South Vietnamese won Tet offensive.

  • Back home however, the Tet offensive turned many more Americans against the war and against Pres. Johnson. His administration developed a credibility gap.



Violence erupts
Violence Erupts President in the 1968 election – Eugene McCarthy and Robert F. Kennedy.

  • April 4, 1968 – A sniper shot and killed Martin Luther King, Jr.

  • June, 1968 – assassin shoots and kills Robert F. Kennedy

  • Violence erupts in Democratic Convention in Chicago where Hubert Humphrey wins the nomination – it damaged his candidacy because it appeared the Democrats were unable to control their own convention.


Election of 1968
Election of 1968 President in the 1968 election – Eugene McCarthy and Robert F. Kennedy.

  • George C. Wallace was the third party candidate.

  • Republican presidential nominee Richard Nixon pledged to represent the “quiet voice” of the great majority of Americans, the non-shouters, the non-demonstrators he called the “silent majority”. Nixon wins the 1968 presidential election.


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