Подготовка к ЕГЭ. Чтение. Полезные Ресурсы. -LiteracyNet -CDLP. Раздел 1. Установите соответствие между заголовками A–Н и текстами 1–7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний . First computers B. Risky sport
Подготовка к ЕГЭ.Чтение.
Установите соответствие между заголовками A–Н и текстами 1–7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
B. Risky sport
C. Shopping in comfort
D. Difficult task
E. Professional sport
F. Shopping from home
G. New users
H. Digging for the past
1. A group of university students from Brazil have been given the job of discovering and locating all the waterfalls in their country. It is not easy because very often the maps are not detailed. The students have to remain in water for long periods of time. Every day they cover a distance of 35 to 40 kilometers through the jungle, each carrying 40 kilos of equipment.2. For many years now, mail-order shopping has served the needs of a certain kind of customers. Everything they order from a catalogue is delivered to their door. Now, though, e-mail shopping on the Internet has opened up even more opportunities for this kind of shopping. 3. Another generation of computer fans has arrived. They are neither spotty schoolchildren nor intellectual professors, but pensioners who are learning computing with much enthusiasm. It is particularly interesting for people suffering from arthritis as computers offer a way of writing nice clear letters. Now pensioners have discovered the Internet and atthe moment they make up the fastest growingmembership.
4. Shopping centers are full of all kinds of stores. They are like small, self-contained towns where you can find everything you want. In a large centre, shoppers can find everything they need without having to go anywhere else. They can leave their cars in the shopping centre car park and buy everything in a covered complex, protected from the heat, cold or rain.5. Not many people know that, back in the fifties, computers were very big, and also very slow. They took up complete floors of a building, and were less powerful, and much slower than any of today’s compact portable computers. At first, the data they had to process and record was fed in on punched-out paper; later magnetic tape was used, but both systems were completely inconvenient.6. Potholing is a dull name for a most interesting and adventurous sport. Deep underground, on the tracks of primitive men and strange animals who have adapted to life without light, finding unusual landscapes and underground lakes, the pothole lives an exciting adventure. You mustn’t forget, though, that it can be quite dangerous. Without the proper equipment you can fall, get injured or lost. 7. Substantial remains of an octagonal Roman bath house, probably reused as a Christian baptistery, have been uncovered during a student training excavation near Habersham in Kent. The central cold plunge pool was five metres across, and stood within a structure which also had underfloor heating and hot pools, probably originally under a domed roof.
B3 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1–6 частями предложений, обозначенными буквами A–G. Одна из частей в списке А–G – лишняя. Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу. Before the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, scientists thought they knew the universe. They were wrong. The Hubble Space Telescope has changed many scientists’ view of the universe. The telescope is named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble, 1 _______________________. He established that many galaxies exist and developed the first system for their classifications.In many ways, Hubble is like any other telescope. It simply gathers light. It is roughly the size of a large school bus. What makes Hubble special is not what it is, 2 _______________________.Hubble was launched in 1990 from the “Discovery” space shuttle and it is about 350 miles above our planet, 3 _______________________.It is far from the glare of city lights, it doesn’t have to look through the air, 4 _______________________. And what a view it is! Hubble is so powerful it could spot a fly on the moon. Yet in an average orbit, it uses the same amount of energy as 28 100-watt light bulbs. Hubble pictures require no film. The telescope takes digital images 5 _______________________.
Разберем правильные ответы
1-й пропускThe telescope is named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble, who calculated the speed at which galaxies move.Грамматически предложение сочетается с D и F, но F абсолютно не подходит по логике. Обратите внимание, что это придаточное предложение сообщает дополнительную информацию о человеке, а не о вещи. В таких предложениях имя собственное заменяется словом who, если же описыыается предмет, тогда which.
2-й пропускWhat makes Hubble special is not what it is, but where it is.Грамматически здесь только один правильный вариант – G. Первая часть предложения содержит отрицание определенной информации, которое требует последующего утверждения.
3-й пропускHubble was launched in 1990 from the “Discovery” space shuttle and it is about 350 miles above our planet, which is above Earth’s atmosphere.Грамматически подходят варианты A, C, F, но смыслу соответствует только одно. Речь идет о местоположении телескопа (350 миль от земли). В пропущенном предложении должна содержаться дополнительная информация об этом месте. Из предложенных вариантов характеристикой места является только первый.
4-й пропуск.It is far from the glare of city lights, it doesn’t have to look through the air, so it has a clear view of space.Грамматически предложение сочетается с E и F, но по смыслу подходит только E. Здесь говорится о том, что, т.к. телескоп находится не на земле, ему не мешает слой воздуха, поэтому у него прекрасный обзор космоса.
5-й пропускThe telescope takes digital images which are transmitted to scientists on Earth.По логике и по грамматике это единственный правильный вариант. Это определительное предложение, которое дает нам дополнительную информацию и предмете, здесь о цифровых фотографиях.
6-й пропускHubble cannot take pictures of the sun or other very bright objects, because doing so could “fry” the telescope’s instruments, but it can detect infrared and ultra violet light which is invisible to the human eye. Грамматически могут подойти варианты A, C, F. Предложение заканчивается существительным (ultra violet light), т.е. дальше подразумевается еще дополнительная информация о нем. По смыслу очевидно, что это вариант C (which is invisible to the human eye).
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15–А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.
When Suzanne had ever thought of New Orleans, it was always in connection with Hector Santien, because he was the only soul she knew who dwelt there. He had had no share in obtaining for her the position she had secured with one of the leading dry goods firms; yet it was to him she addressed herself when her arrangements to leave home were completed.
He did not wait for her train to reach the city, but crossed the river and met her at Gretna. The first thing he did was to kiss her, as he had done eight years before when he left Natchitoches parish. An hour later he would no more have thought of kissing Suzanne than he would have tendered an embrace to the Empress of China. For by that time he had realized that she was no longer twelve nor he twenty-four.
She could hardly believe the man who met her to be the Hector of old. It was not his black hair that was dashed with grey on the temples; nor his short, parted beard and a small moustache that curled. From the crown of his glossy silk hat down to his trimly gaitered feet, his attire was faultless. Suzanne knew her Natchitoches, and she had been to Shreveport and even penetrated as far as Marshall, Texas, but in all her travels she had never met a man to equal Hector in the elegance of his appearance.
They entered a cab, and seemed to drive for an interminable time through the streets, mostly over cobble stones that rendered conversation difficult. Nevertheless he talked incessantly, while she peered from the windows to catch what glimpses she could, through the night, of that New Orleans of which she had heard so much. He was taking her to a friend of his, the dearest little woman in town. That was Maman Chavan, who was going to board and lodge her charging a ridiculously small sum of money.
A15 Suzanne associated New Orleans with Hector Santien because
1)he had helped her to find a job at a dry-goods firm there2)she used to address her letters to him when he lived there3)she was not acquainted with anyone else there4)he had arranged her visit to that city
A16 When Hector met Suzanne he kissed her
1)as such was his manner of greeting her2)as he used to do when she came to New Orleans3)because he was overwhelmed by her beauty4)to show that she was still a little girl for him
A17 Suzanne could hardly recognise the Hector of old because
1)his hair was already turning grey on the temples2)he was wearing a short beard and a small moustache3)he was wearing outrageously expensive clothes4)he looked the very embodiment of good taste
A18 While driving in a cab Suzanne didn’t speak much because she
1)was deafened by the noise of busy streets of the city2)was curious to see at least something of the city3)felt shy and awkward in Hector’s presence4)expected Hector to do all the talking
Thank you for attention