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What is the cause of this?. The answer: A huge increase in refined sugar intake - “a negative impact of tourism”. Initially sweets from trekkers Sweets and soft drinks now ubiquitous Sugar is a cheap form of energy Children are grazing on sweets while parents work

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The answer a huge increase in refined sugar intake a negative impact of tourism
The answer: A huge increase in refined sugar intake - “a negative impact of tourism”

  • Initially sweets from trekkers

  • Sweets and soft drinks now ubiquitous

  • Sugar is a cheap form of energy

  • Children are grazing on sweets while parents work

  • Caries not just a factor of poverty


Early dental care important

Multiple draining abscesses in the primary dentition of a Khumbu child

Multiple caries and missing teeth in 32-year-old female patient

Early dental care important

  • Evidence from studies suggests that poor dental health in early life predicts a lifetime of dental disease, including multiple decayed, missing or filled teeth and gum disease


Smilehigh mission
SmileHigh Mission Khumbu child

To reduce the level of dental caries in all Nepalese children of remote communities by education and preventativestrategies in order to increase their standard of living.


Smilehigh strategies
SmileHigh strategies Khumbu child

  • School visits

  • Free examinations for all children

  • Tooth brushes and fluoridated paste

  • Constant reiteration of importance of healthy diet

  • Oral hygiene instruction

  • Posters and, pamphlets

  • Oral Health Day

  • Prize for best smile

  • Oral health related quiz

  • Drawing


Clinical strategies smilehigh is all about saving teeth sss simple safe sustainable
Clinical strategies - Khumbu child “SmileHigh is all about saving teeth”SSS- Simple, Safe, Sustainable

  • Annual school dental camps

  • Hand scaling

  • Preventative restorations

  • Fissure sealants

  • ART- atraumatic restorative technique (local anaesthetic not required)

  • Caries reversal technologies

  • Referral to clinic for all extractions


The bigger picture staying on track
The bigger picture; staying on-track Khumbu child

  • Empowerment“a hand up is much better than a hand out”

  • Sustainability- including support strategies

  • Mission- adhere to it

  • Efficiency- value for money

  • Friendships-“All I have done is help my friends” Sir Edmund Hillary


Current relationships friends of hdhf pro bono support
Current Relationships – Friends of HDHF pro bono support Khumbu child

  • Baker & McKenzie (legal services)

  • BDO Kendall's (auditing)

  • Rotary Australia (RAWCS)

  • Melbourne IT (website design and hosting)

  • GC Corporation (innovative dental materials)

  • Naked Communications (creative design & communication)

  • KaVo (dental equipment)

  • KEA (Kiwi expatriate association)


Local clinical personnel
Local clinical personnel Khumbu child

  • The core of SmileHigh. Happy, motivated, committed and determined.

  • At present: Mingma and Pasang

  • Kanje from Khumjung wants to join SmileHigh

  • Therapist:2 year training program followed by VT

  • Approx cost per year A$2500.00


Thinking ahead the future
Thinking ahead - the future Khumbu child

  • Key objectives

    • Train more dental therapists

    • Commence SmileHigh Langtang Project

    • Continue to review efficacy of existing projects

    • Explore delivery of services below Kharikola

    • Consider delivery of services to orphanages in Kathmandu


Smilehigh expedition 2008
SmileHigh Expedition 2008 Khumbu child

  • 4 Weeks

  • 15 People

  • 9 Dentists

    Key outcomes:

  • Very young are the most vulnerable

  • Must continue to do more

  • Need more therapists to work in the field



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