LUISS – Ph. D. in Political Theory Via Oreste Tommasini, 1, Problems of International Organization A cycle of five lectures Prof. Daniele Archibugi. Lecture 3 The Reform of the United Nations Tuesday 3° April 2007, 18.00-20.00. THE STRUCTURE OF THE UNITED NATIONS.
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LUISS – Ph. D. in Political TheoryVia Oreste Tommasini, 1, Problems of International OrganizationA cycle of five lecturesProf. Daniele Archibugi
The Reform of the United Nations
Tuesday 3° April 2007, 18.00-20.00
It discusses its constitutional structure. Formal structure and not substantive policies
It does not take into account other issues such as:
Principle «one state, one vote»
Each country is represented by five members, all of them appointed by the state's government
Delegates must represent both government and opposition.
Direct election of one or two delegates
Weighted votes according to population, GDP and other criteria in order to assure that states which are more concerned on selected issues have a larger share in decision-makingTHE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY
5 permanent members with power of veto and 10 members elected by the General Assembly
Enforcement of the Charter onnon application of veto on procedural issues
Enforcement of the Charter on abstention of involved parties
Limitation and, in the future, abolition of the power of veto
Opening to regional organizations such as the European Union
Consultative vote to representatives of civil societyTHE UN SECURITY COUNCIL
Optional acceptance of jurisdiction by states
Compulsory jurisdiction as consequence of UNO membership
Jurisdiction decided by the Court and not on states' demand
Sanctions and exclusion from UN activities for governments which do not enforce the Court's sentencesTHE INTERNATINAL COURT OF JUSTICE
Occasional gatherings devoted to specific issues
Recognition of selected NGOs
Assembly of national members of parliaments
Permanent Forum of NGOs
Elected parliamentary assembly with consultative powersTHE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY
A World Parliament?: Criterion of representation “one person, one vote”Number of MPs not necessarily proportional to the votersWhat functions?