Lecture 3 the reform of the united nations tuesday 3 april 2007 18 00 20 00
Download
1 / 31

LUISS Ph. D. in Political Theory Via Oreste Tommasini, 1, Problems of International Organization A cycle of five lect - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 108 Views
  • Uploaded on

LUISS – Ph. D. in Political Theory Via Oreste Tommasini, 1, Problems of International Organization A cycle of five lectures Prof. Daniele Archibugi. Lecture 3 The Reform of the United Nations Tuesday 3° April 2007, 18.00-20.00. THE STRUCTURE OF THE UNITED NATIONS.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'LUISS Ph. D. in Political Theory Via Oreste Tommasini, 1, Problems of International Organization A cycle of five lect' - brielle


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Lecture 3 the reform of the united nations tuesday 3 april 2007 18 00 20 00

LUISS – Ph. D. in Political TheoryVia Oreste Tommasini, 1, Problems of International OrganizationA cycle of five lecturesProf. Daniele Archibugi

Lecture 3

The Reform of the United Nations

Tuesday 3° April 2007, 18.00-20.00


The structure of the united nations
THE STRUCTURE OF THE UNITED NATIONS

  • Formally equal rights of member states

  • One state, one vote in the General Assembly

  • Veto Power in the Security Council

  • States represented by governments‘ effectiveness and not by legitimacy

  • States represented by their government and not by the citizens


Two hypocrites at the un
Two hypocrites at the UN

  • Developing countries: complaining about the lack of democracy in the UN and often repressing their own people at home

  • Powerful countries: defenders of human rights and democracy in other countries but not keen to extend the same notions at the UN


Does the un need to be reformed alternative views
Does the UN need to be reformed? Alternative views

  • BUSH - It needs to get closer to the current distribution of power (Realist view)

  • ANNAN - If it is not broke don’t fix it (Pragmatic)

  • BOUTROS-GHALI - It needs to enforce peace and to develop the principles of democracy (Idealist view)

  • BAN KI-MOON – Who knows….


Constitutional reform of the un
Constitutional Reform of the UN

It discusses its constitutional structure. Formal structure and not substantive policies

It does not take into account other issues such as:

  • Financing the UN

  • The administration of the UN

  • The role played by the specialized agencies


Summary of the issues
Summary of the Issues

  • General Assembly

  • Security Council

  • Judicial Power

  • Enlarge Representation to peoples and not just governments

  • Peace-Keeping (next week)



The un general assembly

Present structure

Principle «one state, one vote»

Each country is represented by five members, all of them appointed by the state's government

Suggested reforms

Delegates must represent both government and opposition.

Direct election of one or two delegates

Weighted votes according to population, GDP and other criteria in order to assure that states which are more concerned on selected issues have a larger share in decision-making

THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY



The un security council1
THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL

  • Debate about the enlargement: Japan, Germany, and therefore India, Brazil, Nigeria want to join as permanent members

  • Claim based on: Fees paid to the UN, Population, Geographical Representation

  • AN ALTERNATIVE VIEW:

  • Rotating membership, EU membership, enlargement to cover other countries



The un security council2

Present structure

5 permanent members with power of veto and 10 members elected by the General Assembly

Suggested reforms

Enforcement of the Charter onnon application of veto on procedural issues

 Enforcement of the Charter on abstention of involved parties

 Limitation and, in the future, abolition of the power of veto

 Opening to regional organizations such as the European Union

Consultative vote to representatives of civil society

THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL


Legal pacifism
Legal Pacifism

  • Act through the legal instruments (international law and the judicial power)

  • Long stream of legal pacifism

  • Hans Kelsen’s proposals

  • The trial of Nuremberg

  • Individual and state responsibility

  • International rule of law or global democracy?

  • Can law be effective without power?


International court of justice
INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE


The internatinal court of justice

Present competences

Optional acceptance of jurisdiction by states

Suggested reforms

Compulsory jurisdiction as consequence of UNO membership

 Jurisdiction decided by the Court and not on states' demand

 Sanctions and exclusion from UN activities for governments which do not enforce the Court's sentences

THE INTERNATINAL COURT OF JUSTICE


International criminal court
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT


International criminal court1
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

  • Difficulty in implementation

  • Many states are not yet members

  • Some members (such as the USA) are asking for immunity

  • Will it be the justice of the stronger over the weaker?


Four possible ways to trial saddam hussein
Four possible ways to trial Saddam Hussein

  • US Military Tribunal (as in Nuremberg)

  • Ad Hoc Tribunal (as in the Ex-Yugoslavia)

  • Use the International Criminal Court

  • An Iraqi Tribunal


The role of civil society

Present structure

Occasional gatherings devoted to specific issues

Recognition of selected NGOs

Suggested reforms

Assembly of national members of parliaments

Permanent Forum of NGOs

Elected parliamentary assembly with consultative powers

THE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY



A World Parliament?: Criterion of representation “one person, one vote”Number of MPs not necessarily proportional to the votersWhat functions?


Un peacekeeping
UN PEACEKEEPING

next

week……


ad