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DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. *Revolution started at Lexington and Concord *2 nd Continental Congress meets *Philadelphia, Pennsylvania *May, 1775. 2 nd Continental Congress government of the colonies during the war accomplishments: elected John Hancock as President

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DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

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Declaration of independence

DECLARATION

OF

INDEPENDENCE


Declaration of independence

*Revolution started at Lexington and Concord

*2nd Continental Congress meets

*Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

*May, 1775


Declaration of independence

  • 2nd Continental Congress

  • government of the colonies during the war

    accomplishments:

  • elected John Hancock as President

  • authorized printing of money

  • created Continental Army-George Washington as commander

  • write and adopt Declaration of Independence


Declaration of independence

  • 1776

  • many colonists opposed to complete break

  • Thomas Paine writes Common Sense to encourage support of independence

  • Congress appoints committee to draft Declaration


Declaration of independence

June 7, 1776

Richard Henry Lee declares

“These colonies are, and of

right, ought to be free and

Independent!”

he was encouraged to do this by John Adams


Declaration of independence

Declaration committee:

  • John Adams

  • Benjamin Franklin

  • Thomas Jefferson

  • Robert Livingston

  • Roger Sherman

    Thomas Jefferson would actually write the Declaration of Independence


Declaration of independence

July 4, 1776

Declaration is adopted by Congress

John Hancock, as President, is first to sign


Declaration of independence

  • Declaration includes:

  • a list of complaints against George III

  • an outline of a new theory of govt.

  • a declaration of war


Declaration of independence

Copy what the Declaration includes at the bottom of your WS


Declaration of independence

1ST section of Declaration

preamble, or introduction

states why people should form a new

government


Declaration of independence

  • 2nd section of Declaration

  • lists rights people have and describes government

  • “certain truths are self-evident”

  • *all men created equal

  • *all men have unalienable rights

  • >life

  • >liberty

  • >pursuit of happiness


Declaration of independence

2. “governments are instituted among men and derive their power from the governed”

people start governments and give power to governments; government exits to benefit people

if government does not protect the people, people have a right abolish the government

The Declaration created a Republic form of government-one in which people choose representatives to make laws


Declaration of independence

3rd section of the Declaration

lists complaints the colonists had with Parliament and George III

Major complaints:

*taxation without representation

*England interfere with colonial trade

*George III unlimited power

*George III dissolved colonial governments

*Parliament deprived colonists of trial by jury

*George III kept standing army in colonies-peacetime


Declaration of independence

4th section of Declaration

*declares war on England

*declares America independent of England

*lists power of American government

>levy war-make war

>conclude peace-make peace

>contract alliances-make allies

>establish commerce-trade


Declaration of independence

56 men signed the Declaration

They pledged

“their lives, fortunes and sacred honor”

Many of the signers lost everything they had:

5 captured as traitors

12 homes were burned

2 lost sons in war

1 son was captured

9 died of wounds or hardships


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