CLASSIFICATION Prior Knowledge. What is a species? Why are dogs and cats in different species? Group Activity: paper and pencil Go to your lab group. Take off one of your shoes. Group shoes according to characteristics. ex. athletic, dress. CLASSIFICATION. SHOES. Casual. Dress.
ex. athletic, dress
Every shoe should be described individually with the person’s name it belongs to.
ex. grocery stores
Why do we need to name organisms?
What is the name of this organism?
Why do scientist not want to use common names?
Ceylon frogmouth (Batrachostomus moniliger) is a bird.
Killer whales (Orcinus orca )are not whales, but dolphins.
Galliwasp (Diploglassus lessorae) is not a wasp but a lizard.
Why do scientist not use common names?
Confusing – more than one common name
Misleading – starfish is not a fish
Why use a scientific name?
There is only one scientific name
What language is used for the scientific naming?
Latinex. "E Pluribus Unum“ = “one out of many or of many, one”
Since 1873, the law requires that this motto appear on one side of every United States coin that is minted.
What are the 2 parts of the scientific name?
Genus (Latin for group)species
general description exact kind
organisms share a major only 1 kind of organism
characteristic within a genus
describes the appearance or distribution of an organism.
Science of the naming and classifying organisms.
giant saguaro cactus
fragrant water lily
common California mouse
three color pansy
Drosophila melanogaster is a fruit fly.
Thamnophis melanogaster is a garter snake.
What is the correct way to write the scientific name?
* Always capitalize the Genus and not the species.
Why are scientific names in Latin?
Carolus Linnaeus (1707‑1778), a Swedish botanist whose original name was Carl von Linne.
He improved the system of naming plants and animals by a two‑word name to identify the genus and species.
No one really knows how many species exist. Estimates of the total number of species vary from 3 - 30 million to 10 – 100 million, depending on the source. Taxonomists estimate that only 1.5 to 1.8 million species have been identified, but there are no central archives.
Sea creatures found after 2005 Tsunami hit.
Writing the Scientific Names of Animals
Worksheet and Key
physical similaritiesgenetic similaritiesbiochemicalsimilaritiesbehavioral similarities
Today taxonomist classify organisms based on:
7 Classification Groups
Kingdom - Phylum - Class -Order -Family -Genus –Species -
continent country state
To help you remember the seven classification groups in order, remember this sentence:
A phylum will have many classes…
One Kingdom will have 1000’s of species in it.
What is the definition of a biological species?
A group of natural populations that are interbreeding or that could interbreed, and that are reproductively isolated from other such groups.
Hybrids – result of interbreeding by individuals of different species – usuallyinfertile.
* Usually artificially brought about.
Bengal cat = domesticated cat + Asian Leopard cat
male donkey =
Liger = lion + tiger
Wolfdog = German shepherd + Wolf