ADDAMEER Fact Sheet Palestinians detained by Israel. THE PALESTINIAN PRISONERS DETAINED BY ISRAEL. Sin ce the beginning of the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories in 1967, over 800,000 Palestinians have been detained by Israel. This forms approximately.
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THE PALESTINIAN PRISONERS DETAINED BY ISRAEL
Sincethebeginning of the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories in 1967, over 800,000 Palestinians have been detained by Israel.
This forms approximately
20% of the total Palestinian population in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT)
The number of Palestinians detained forms approximately 40% of the total male Palestinian population in the OPT.
As of August 20124,660Palestinian political prisoners are being held in Israeli prisons.On 18 October 2011, 477 prisoners were released as part of an exchange which also saw the release that same day of Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit, who was held by captured in Gaza in 2006. Out of this number, 205 were transferred to the Gaza Strip or abroad. Another 550 Palestinian prisoners were released as part of the deal in December 2011.
250of the political prisonersare administrative detainees
210 of the political prisoners are aged 18 and under
6of the political prisoners arePalestinian female political prisoners
The arrest and detention of Palestinians living within the OPT is governed by a wide-ranging set of military regulations that govern every aspect of Palestinian civilian life.
There are approximately 1,650 military regulations
governing the West Bank. Up until Israel’s withdrawal from Gaza, there were over 1,500 governing the Strip.
The Israeli military commander of the region issues military orders, and the issuance of new orders often remains unknown and become apparent when
they are implemented.
Arrest can happen anywhere and everywhere
During house searches it is common for Israeli soldiers to :
are not informed of the reason for their arrest, nor are they told where they will be taken.
Under Israeli military regulations:
The Palestinian detainee is:
There are a total of:
Israeli prisons and military detention camps are primarily located within the 1948
borders of Israel.
Prior to the new amendment in August 2012, a Palestinian detainee could be interrogated for a total period of 188 days, during which he/she can also be denied lawyer visits for a period of 90 days. The current law states that a Palestinian detainee can now be interrogated for 90 days, and denied lawyer visits for 60 days.
During the interrogation period, a detainee is often subjected to some form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment ranging in extremity, whether physical or psychological. Indeed, the isolation and solitary confinement of prisoners is regularly used as a form of psychological torture. The use of practices that constitute torture during interrogation has been outlawed within the Israeli judicial system; however, it is permitted in individual cases in which the Israeli Security Agency (ISA) deems a detainee a threat to state security or a ‘ticking bomb’. In some instance detainees have died while in custody as a result of torture.
Palestinians are tried within Israeli military courts located within Israeli military bases in the OPT.
These military tribunals are presided over by judges appointed by the military. Most of the judges do not have long term judicial training.
These tribunals rarely fall within the required international standards of fair trial.
Israeli Military courts
Military courts serve indictments based on a broad range of offenses divided into five separate categories:
There are several stark discrepancies between Israelilaw pertaining to Palestinian and Israeli “security” detention respectively .
Administrative detention, arrest without charge or trial
Administrative detention is based on secret information brought forward during military tribunals, to which neither the detainee nor his/her lawyer have access to.
Administrative detention is indefinitely renewable under military regulations. A detainee may be given an administrative detention order for a period of between 1 – 6 months, after which the order may be renewed again.
Prison conditions in Israeli prisons are harsh.
There are currently 6 female Palestinian political prisoners
Approximately 700 Palestinian children (under 18) from the West Bank are prosecuted every year through Israeli military courts. Since 2000, more than 8,000 Palestinian children have been detained.
There are currently 210 child prisoners, including 34 under the age of 16