The West Between the Wars 1919 - 1939. Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Browne Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. Europe in 1919. Main Themes. The Versailles Treaty (1919) Article 231 “The War Guilt Clause” Germany forced to pay reparations De-militarized zone in the Rhineland
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Between the Wars
1919 - 1939
Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Browne Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
The ratio of battleships allowed by nation:
U. S. Britain Japan France Italy 5 5 3 1.67 1.67
Prevented a new arms race between the US, Britain & Japan!
Austin Chamberlain (Britain)
France wanted to keep Germany weak and Russiancommunism at a distance
1. Creation of the Little Entente
~ an alliance with Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia & Romania to replace the former alliance with Russia
2. Build the Maginot Line
Where to build the Maginot Line?
The line was constructed along the German border
The invasion occurred from the north through Belgium (again )
3. Political Decisions of the French Government
Disagreement amongst conservatives & liberals over how to best achieve these goals…… focus abroad ? focus domestically?
27+ different cabinets were elected between 1919-1933!
Trades Disputes Act (1927):
1st Prime Minister from the Labour Party
Gandhi and his followers begin a campaign of passive non-resistance based on the Hindu concept of ahimsa
* Salt March 1930
* Independence in 1947
* Gandhi assassinated on January 30th, 1948
Friedrich ebert: 1st president of the weimar republic
Lost—but not forgotten country.
The German mark & hyperinflation
The beer hall putsch : 1923
The beer hall putschidealized
Mein kampf [my struggle]
Germany can seen as RESPECTABLE again
The Dawes Plan reduced German reparations, coordinated payments with their ability to pay, and gave Germany loans to rebuild.
It was successful until 1929, when the US stock market crashed and the Great Depression began.
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
London in 1930
Paris in 1930
The rise of Hitler & the Nazi Party can be attributed to:
1. The Versailles Treaty
2. The inflation crisis of the 1920’s
3. The trial of Hitler
4. The Great Depression
The Nazis continue to hold mass rallies gaining support from business, military, and publicity in newspapers throughout Germany
1920s & 1930s
Picasso’s studio with a plaster head 1925
Georges braque’s still life lejuer 1929
Apparition of a face and fruit dish on a beach