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Firearms and Shooting Sports. MN. Department of Natural Resources : Sponsor firearm safety education with the purpose of training responsible, safe and knowledgeable hunters . Manage wildlife, enforce hunting laws. Sport Shooting Injury Stats. Firearm Safety.

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MN. Department of Natural Resources:

  • Sponsor firearm safety education with the purpose of training responsible, safe and knowledgeable hunters.

  • Manage wildlife, enforce hunting laws.



Firearm safety
Firearm Safety

Main outcome of Firearm Safety is to prevent firearm and hunting accidents and to ensure the future of hunting and shooting sports through the compliances with laws, regulations and ethics. (Accident data!)


Major funding for firearm safety
Major Funding for Firearm Safety

  • Pittman – Robertson Act of 1937. 11% tax on sporting goods to help protect habitat, wildlife, water and to help fund hunter ed. Programs (collect $3.5 million/day)

  • Others: Duck Unlimited, Pheasant Forever, Sportsman club, IHEA,

  • NRA =National Rifle Association, You.


American sportsmen donate time and money to ensure habitat is available for wildlife

American Sportsmen donate time and money to ensure habitat is available for wildlife.

TIP: “Turn in Poachers” Cash rewards for tips leading to an arrest of bad guys. (800) 652 - 9093.


Guns in america
Guns in America is available for wildlife.

Guns played a big role in United States of America:

Revolution

Civil war


  • Mountain men is available for wildlife.

  • Taming the “Wild West”


Even today
Even Today! is available for wildlife.

  • Recreational uses today are very popular - Sport shooting and hunting.

  • Defense: Conceal and CarryLaw



History of guns
History of Guns is available for wildlife.

First powder: Chinese (fireworks)Black powder: Burn rate very high (aka highly explosive)Smokeless powder - burn rates vary


Muzzle loaders

Muzzle loaders is available for wildlife.

4 Locks: The mechanism that discharges a firearm)

http://www2.huntercourse.com/minnesota/study?chapter=2&page=1

1. Matchlock….…

2. Wheelock………..……………….

3. Flintlock…...

4. Percussion cap………..………….


Breech loaders
Breech loaders is available for wildlife.

  • Cartridge guns came about after the invention of the percussion cap.


Rifles
RIFLES! is available for wildlife.

  • Rifles shoot single projectiles called: “balls” (muzzleloaders) or “bullets”

  • Rifles measured in calibers the bore diameter is in one thousands of an inch or measured in millimeters.

  • Examples: 30 - 30, 30 - 06, 308, 243, 6mm, 9mm


Rifling
Rifling is available for wildlife.

  • The bullet is spiraled through the barrel due to “rifling” (lands and grooves cut into the inside of the barrel.)


Rifle bullets have very high velocity good for long range accuracy know your target and beyond
Rifle bullets have very high velocity, good for long range accuracy.(Know your target and beyond!!!)


Shotgun anatomy
Shotgun Anatomy accuracy


Shotgun anatomy1
Shotgun Anatomy accuracy

Lock

Stock

Barrel


Shotgun anatomy2
Shotgun Anatomy accuracy

Comb

Butt


Shotgun anatomy3
Shotgun Anatomy accuracy

Trigger

Trigger Guard


Shotgun anatomy4
Shotgun Anatomy accuracy

Breech

Action

Forearm

Chamber


http://www2.huntercourse.com/minnesota/study?chapter=2&page=19


Shotguns
SHOTGUNS one of the most popular of all shotgun actions.

  • Gauge: is determined by the number of lead balls equal to the diameter of the bore to weigh one pound. The smaller the gauge the larger the number.

  • Gauges of shotguns:

  • 410 gauge (only exception)

    this one measured in caliber

  • 28 gauge

  • 20 gauge

  • 16 gauge

  • 12 gauge

  • 10 gauge

  • 8 gauge


AMMO: one of the most popular of all shotgun actions.


Shot pellets vary according to size and composition. one of the most popular of all shotgun actions.Lead shot is heavier than steel shot. Lead shot has an alloy added “antimony” to increase hardness. Harder shot pellets (magnum shot) deform less and stay on course for good patterns.


Patterns df the spread of the shot after it leaves the barrel

Patterns one of the most popular of all shotgun actions.df: The spread of the shot after it leaves the barrel


Chokes the constriction at the end of the barrel of a shotgun affects the pattern spread
Chokes: one of the most popular of all shotgun actions.the constriction at the end of the barrel of a shotgun.affects the pattern spread


  • Shotgun quality can effect one of the most popular of all shotgun actions.patterns

  • Pellet size and hardness can affect patterns

  • Powder charge affects velocity thus impacting patterns


- one of the most popular of all shotgun actions.Single pellet energy at any given range is virtually the same regardless of the gauge or choke of the gun-Long barrel length of guns provides a longer sighting plane. Best for longer range shots.


Gun fit
GUN FIT one of the most popular of all shotgun actions.

  • Gun dimensions can affect how a gun fits the shooter. Good gun fit is important to accuracy.

  • Proper trigger squeeze technique to assure stable gun on stationary targets


  • Good gun maintenance includes frequent cleaning. one of the most popular of all shotgun actions.

  • Lead deposits and powder residue need to be removed.

  • It is a bad practice for safety reasons to pull the trigger on an empty chamber, damage to the firing pin may also result.



Three Basic Rules for Firearm Safety: avoid rusting of the gun.

1. Treat all guns as if they were loaded.

2. Control your muzzle

3. Be sure of you target and beyond.

* Know all 10 commandments.


Carrying a firearm
Carrying a Firearm avoid rusting of the gun.

Elbow/Side Carry

Trail Carry

Sling Carry

Two Handed or “Ready” Carry

Shoulder

Carry

Cradle Carry


Shooting positions prone sitting kneeling standing
Shooting Positions avoid rusting of the gun.ProneSittingKneelingStanding


‘Pointing’ avoid rusting of the gun.vs ‘Aiming’ a gunIn shot gunning you point the barrel at your target. Leaving both eyes open with proper dominant eye gives you better depth of field and ability to see target otherwise hidden by the barrel.


Wingshooting
WINGSHOOTING avoid rusting of the gun.

  • “Wing shooting” requires more attention to safety.

  • “Wing Shooting” requires that you lead your target :

  • Reasons: Lock time, human reaction time, shot travel time

Types of leading:

Swing through - start behind/ pull ahead

Sustained lead - stay ahead

Snap shooting –stationary barrel


Safe zones of fire
Safe Zones of Fire avoid rusting of the gun.


Trapshooting fundamentals

Trapshooting Fundamentals avoid rusting of the gun.


A brief history
A Brief History avoid rusting of the gun.

  • Began as a way to refine proficiency with a shotgun.

  • Targets changed over time:

    • Live birds

    • Glass balls with feathers

    • Potters clay

    • Pitch + Limestone


Fundamentals
Fundamentals avoid rusting of the gun.

-16 Yard Singles

-16 Yard Doubles

-5 Shot Stations

-Handicap

-22o Rotation From Center

-Target Leaves House

at 45-55 mph

-Shot Fall Area = 300 yards


Commands
Commands avoid rusting of the gun.

Squad Ready?


Commands1
Commands avoid rusting of the gun.

READY!


Commands2
Commands avoid rusting of the gun.

Puller Ready?


Commands3
Commands avoid rusting of the gun.

Ready!


Commands4
Commands avoid rusting of the gun.

Let’s see a bird!


Commands5
Commands avoid rusting of the gun.

PULL!


Commands6
Commands avoid rusting of the gun.

Hit!

(Marked with an ‘X’ on score sheet)


Commands7
Commands avoid rusting of the gun.

Loss!

(Marked with an ‘O’ on score sheet)


Commands8
Commands avoid rusting of the gun.

No Target!

(Either a no target is released or target is broken when leaving the trap house)


Commands9
Commands avoid rusting of the gun.

Change!

(After station is complete.)


Commands10
Commands avoid rusting of the gun.

OUT!

(Entire round is over)


Leading
Leading avoid rusting of the gun.

Gun Barrel: 1” wide = 1ft. at 36 yards


Other events
Other Events: avoid rusting of the gun.


Your challenge
YOUR CHALLENGE: avoid rusting of the gun.

1) First 25 in Outdoor Adventures Class

2) First Girl > 21


Gun Etiquette avoid rusting of the gun.

  • Alcohol and/or drugs should never be consumed or used when handling firearms.

  • The first thing you do when you pick up any gun, is to check and see if it’s loaded.

  • Before you pick up or accept a gun from someone, make sure you know how it works.

    • If you don’t know or can’t remember, don’t be embarrassed to ask someone to show you.

  • When handing a gun to someone, open the action to make sure it is not loaded.

    • Then with action open, hand the unloaded gun to the person with the muzzle pointing away from them.


Gun etiquette cont
Gun Etiquette (Cont.) avoid rusting of the gun.

  • Handle the guns of others with care and respect. When dealing with other

    people’s guns:

    • Don’t let the slide or action slam forward

    • Don’t let the bolt slam forward in Semi-Automatic Rifles and Shotguns. (unless loading the chamber to shoot)

    • Don’t quickly and forcefully close the bolt on bolt action Rifles, Lever action Rifles and pump action Shotguns and Rifles.

    • Close break action Shotguns, Rifles, and Pistols with care.


Range safety
Range Safety avoid rusting of the gun.

  • Uncase and case your gun at the shooting bench, never behind the safety line.

  • Always keep the barrel pointed down range.

  • Always keep the gun on safe until you intend to shoot.

  • Always wear eye and ear protection when shooting.


Range Etiquette avoid rusting of the gun.

  • Always pick up your spent cases and/or shells when you’re done shooting.

  • Always take down your targets when you're done shooting.

  • Always straighten up your area before you leave.

  • Never eat or drink while shooting.


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