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Linguistics Praxis Terms & Topics. Dr. Melissa Comer Associate Professor Tennessee Tech University. Linguistics. . . Simplified. Think About It. What sounds in English are typically problematic for ELL speakers?

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Linguistics Praxis Terms & Topics

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Linguistics praxis terms topics

Linguistics Praxis Terms & Topics

Dr. Melissa Comer

Associate Professor

Tennessee Tech University

Linguistics simplified

Linguistics. . . Simplified

Think about it

Think About It. . .

  • What sounds in English are typically problematic for ELL speakers?

  • An ESOL student says, “I have 2 pen.” Which English morpheme has the student not yet acquired?

  • What are the 8 parts of speech?

  • There are 4 basic tenses. What are they?

  • What is the difference between active and passive voice?

  • Name the 4 types of sentences.

Figurative language examples

Figurative Language Examples

Prefix suffix


An excellent resource for affixes can be found at:

What are

What are. . .

  • Characteristics of a sheltered ESL class

    • Class has ESL students only

    • Teachers use physical activities, visual aids, & the environment to teach

  • Characteristics of dual-immersion (2-way immersion)

    • Program that brings together native minority speakers with native target speakers

    • Both groups of students, ideally, develop fluency in both languages

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Terms to know

Terms to know. . .

Esl textbook organizational patterns

ESL Textbook Organizational Patterns

  • Hierarchy

    • also known as structure: shows the relationship of various units

    • Hierarchy Examples

Esl textbook organizational patterns1

ESL Textbook Organizational Patterns

  • Grammatical

    • Arranged according to a set of structural rules

      • Sentences

      • Phrases

      • Words

      • Morphology

      • Provides an approach for constructing grammar

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Esl textbook organizational patterns2

ESL Textbook Organizational Patterns

  • Notional-functional

    • Is arranged around the notion that people use language to communicate in a particular context

    • Function is a specific purpose for a speaker in a given context

      • Example: the ‘notion’ of shopping requires numerous language functions (price, warranty, product description, etc.)

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Esl textbook organizational patterns3

ESL Textbook Organizational Patterns

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Think about it1

Think about it. . .

  • What is the difference between comparative adjectives and superlative adjectives?

  • What is negative transfer? (think L1application to L2)

  • What is the difference between blends and digraphs?

  • What is a weak reference? (think pronoun/antecedent relationship)

  • What is the difference between a relative pronoun and a demonstrative pronoun?

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