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Linguistics Praxis Terms & Topics. Dr. Melissa Comer Associate Professor Tennessee Tech University. Linguistics. . . Simplified. Think About It. What sounds in English are typically problematic for ELL speakers?

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linguistics praxis terms topics

Linguistics Praxis Terms & Topics

Dr. Melissa Comer

Associate Professor

Tennessee Tech University

think about it
Think About It. . .
  • What sounds in English are typically problematic for ELL speakers?
  • An ESOL student says, “I have 2 pen.” Which English morpheme has the student not yet acquired?
  • What are the 8 parts of speech?
  • There are 4 basic tenses. What are they?
  • What is the difference between active and passive voice?
  • Name the 4 types of sentences.
prefix suffix
Prefix/Suffix

An excellent resource for affixes can be found at:

http://www.betterendings.org/homeschool/Words/Root%20Words.htm

what are
What are. . .
  • Characteristics of a sheltered ESL class
    • Class has ESL students only
    • Teachers use physical activities, visual aids, & the environment to teach
  • Characteristics of dual-immersion (2-way immersion)
    • Program that brings together native minority speakers with native target speakers
    • Both groups of students, ideally, develop fluency in both languages

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esl textbook organizational patterns
ESL Textbook Organizational Patterns
  • Hierarchy
    • also known as structure: shows the relationship of various units
    • Hierarchy Examples
esl textbook organizational patterns1
ESL Textbook Organizational Patterns
  • Grammatical
    • Arranged according to a set of structural rules
      • Sentences
      • Phrases
      • Words
      • Morphology
      • Provides an approach for constructing grammar

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esl textbook organizational patterns2
ESL Textbook Organizational Patterns
  • Notional-functional
    • Is arranged around the notion that people use language to communicate in a particular context
    • Function is a specific purpose for a speaker in a given context
      • Example: the ‘notion’ of shopping requires numerous language functions (price, warranty, product description, etc.)

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think about it1
Think about it. . .
  • What is the difference between comparative adjectives and superlative adjectives?
  • What is negative transfer? (think L1application to L2)
  • What is the difference between blends and digraphs?
  • What is a weak reference? (think pronoun/antecedent relationship)
  • What is the difference between a relative pronoun and a demonstrative pronoun?
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