Carving up africa
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Carving up Africa. The race for the colonies. The Nations of the world competed fiercely for colonies The fiercest competition took place on the continent of Africa In 1875 European powers controlled only 10 percent of Africa This was mostly around sea ports. continued.

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Carving up Africa

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Carving up africa

Carving up Africa


The race for the colonies

The race for the colonies

  • The Nations of the world competed fiercely for colonies

  • The fiercest competition took place on the continent of Africa

  • In 1875 European powers controlled only 10 percent of Africa

  • This was mostly around sea ports


Continued

continued

  • The race for colonies in Africa started in 1879 when Henry Stanley claimed most of the Congo River Valley

  • This action alarmed the other European powers

  • France was the first to respond to the Belgian claim

  • They soon claimed the north bank of the Congo River


Continued1

Continued…

  • Soon after that other European nations were claiming parts of Africa

  • Africa seemed especially valuable to those nations that did not previously had an empire

  • As the European powers claimed more and more of Africa tensions started to rise

  • These tensions nearly lead to war


Continued2

Continued…

  • To avoid war the Imperial Powers met in Berlin to lay out the rules for the division of Africa

  • They agreed that to claim land the nation must station troops in strategic locations to control the area

  • By 1913 over 90% of Africa was controlled by European powers


National interest

National interest

  • The establishment of the ground rules and the dependence the European powers had on the colonies raw materials and markets led to the colonies being protected

  • It also led to seizure of valuable lands from other powers

  • The use of force became acceptable to guarantee economic prosperity


Continued3

continued

  • This was especially true of the Suez Canal

  • The Suez Canal was built between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea by a French company

  • This canal drastically shortened the journey to the east

  • As India was Britain's largest market for goods it was especially important to them


Continued4

continued

  • Protecting the canal became a major part of British foreign policy

  • When fighting erupted in Egypt in 1882 the British sent in their troops

  • They shortly took control of all of Egypt making it a protectorate

  • The British then turned their attention on Sudan


The suez canal

The Suez Canal

  • Europeans had relatively little interest in Egypt until 1859, when the French began building the Suez Canal.

  • •Ali had opposed construction of a canal to link the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.

  • •He feared that such a canal would increase European interest in Egypt because it would cut thousands of miles off the trip from Europe to Asia.

  • His successors approved the project.


African resistance

African Resistance

  • Europeans used persuasion, force, and bribery to convince African rulers to sign agreements giving them economic and political rights.

  • Europeans often ignored the agreements and simply took what they wanted.

  • African rulers resisted, well-armed troops were sent in to crush them. Still, Many African rulers vigorously opposed European expansion.


Videos

Videos

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OJe1W_HIWmA

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OJe1W_HIWmA


Assignment

Assignment

  • Read pg.591-595

  • Answer focus questions pg. 591

  • Answer Section Review questions 1-5 on pg. 595


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