Homework 5
Download
1 / 78

Homework #5 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 65 Views
  • Uploaded on

Homework #5. Read – Chapter 22 Sections 1 & 2. REVIEW MID-TERM EXAM. Concept #2 – Great Depression & New Deal . Lesson Essential Question #1 – How did the Great Depression reflect the interdependence of the American Economy? Vocabulary – On margin Relief Public Work programs Bonus.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Homework #5' - briana


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Homework 5
Homework #5

  • Read –

    • Chapter 22 Sections 1 & 2



Concept 2 great depression new deal
Concept #2 – Great Depression & New Deal

  • Lesson Essential Question #1 – How did the Great Depression reflect the interdependence of the American Economy?

  • Vocabulary –

    On margin

    Relief

    Public Work programs

    Bonus


Causes to the great depression
Causes to the Great Depression

  • What were the causes to the Great Depression?

  • Work with a partner to come up with a list of 5 causes to the Great Depression.

  • Be prepared to share with class.



Quiz

  • How much money to Charles Ponzi steal from his investors?

  • On what day did the stock market experience the greatest crash in history?

    3-5. Name three reasons for why prosperity of the 1920s ended.

    6. Who emerged as leader in Germany because of the Great Depression?


Quiz.

  • What were the tin-can shanties and tar-paper shacks called?

  • Who was President when the Great Depression began?

  • What soared to an all-time high when the stock market crashed?

  • The Bonus Army was made up of veterans of what war?



Stock market falls
Stock Market Falls

Oct. 24th, 1929

Selling increased = prices fell = margin calls: everyone who bought on margin loses their money

Big Bankers tried to stabilize the market but failed


Black tuesday oct 29 th 1929
Black Tuesday Oct. 29th, 1929

Stock Market Crashes!!

People rush the banks to get their money out. Banks can’t handle that and start closing

Banks fall = deposits gone

Americans lose their savings



The great depression
The Great Depression savings were gone?

What?

A worldwide economic downturn that causes hardships for many Americans

When?

1929-1940’s


The great depression1
The Great Depression savings were gone?

  • A gradual downward spiral- the whole economy did not collapse overnight

    What caused the Depression?


Causes of great depression
Causes of Great Depression savings were gone?

1. Stock Market Crash of 1929

2. Bank Failures

a over 9,000

3. Reduction in Purchasing

a. uneven wealth

b. too much production

4. American Economic Policy with Europe

a. hawley smoot tariff

B. debt payments

5. Drought Conditions

a. default on farm loans/mortgages


Who was affected by the falling economy
Who was affected by the falling economy? savings were gone?

By the mid 1930’s the Great Depression became a problem for entire American society

Those invested in the stock market

Industrial workers and farmers

Small business owners and employees

Banks close- almost everyone is affected


Social effects of the great depression
Social Effects of the Great Depression savings were gone?

Unemployment: 25%

Homeless: those who couldn’t pay rent became drifters, moved in with relatives, or built make-shift homes “Hoovervilles”

Hoover flag

Hoover stew

Hoover blanket



Social effects
Social Effects numbers of hungry Americans

  • Finding work

  • Family problems

  • Homeless


President hoover s plan
President Hoover’s Plan numbers of hungry Americans

Hoover believed that confidence in the economy would fix the country’s problems

Voluntary controls of business to help re-stimulate the economy

Trickle-Down Theory

Did it work???


Hawley smoot tariff
Hawley-Smoot Tariff numbers of hungry Americans

Highest import tax in history

Goal: to protect U.S. industries from imports. Buy MADE IN USA

Didn’t work: Brought a slowdown in international trade


Reconstruction finance corp rfc
Reconstruction Finance Corp. (RFC) numbers of hungry Americans

Gave government money to banks so they could extend loans

Prosperity at the top helps the economy as a whole

Banks continued to fail



Bonus army
Bonus Army federal government was very unpopular with Americans

1932: 20,000 jobless WWI vets come to D.C. to demand their pension bonus that was promised to them

Army was called in to force the vets out of Washington


Class work
Class Work federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Exploring Local History Worksheet

  • Read “I remember….” & Christmas during the Great Depression

    • Read as a class

    • With a partner, create your own short story about what you remember from your life during the Great Depression


Homework 6
Homework #6 federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Read

    • Chapter 22 Sections 3, 4 & 5


Exit ticket
Exit Ticket federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Herbert Hoover’s plan to fix the Great Depression was to allow the economy to fix itself. Was this the correct decision? If you were President what may have you have done?


Concept 2 great depression new deal1
Concept #2 – Great Depression & New Deal federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Lesson Essential Question #2 –

    • How did government policies during the Great Depression affect the stability of the economy?

    • How did the Great Depression affect economic growth and stability in the United States?

  • Vocabulary –

    • Fireside chat


Comparing two plans
Comparing Two Plans federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • President Hoover and President Roosevelt had two very different approaches to dealing with crisis of the Great Depression.

  • Create 2 lists comparing/contrasting their two plans.

  • Be prepared to share with class.


Comparing two plans1
Comparing Two Plans federal government was very unpopular with Americans

Herbert Hoover Franklin Roosevelt


Quiz federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • What disease was FDR stricken with?

  • When did FDR become President?

  • What was the name of the FDR’s plan for the Great Depression?

    4-6. Name three of the programs that FDR passed during his first 100 days.


Quiz federal government was very unpopular with Americans

7. What was the name given to the people who advised FDR?

  • What disaster did the farmers deal with in the 1930s?

  • What group set up codes for fair practices – prices, production levels…?

  • Name one of the programs established to give citizens more jobs.


Franklin d roosevelt
Franklin D Roosevelt federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Born to wealthy NY Family

  • Law school, Asst Sec of Navy

  • Married 5th cousin Eleanor Roosevelt

  • 1921 – Polio

  • 1928 – Governor of New York

  • 1932 – Democractic nominee for President


Election of 1932
Election of 1932 federal government was very unpopular with Americans

Franklin D. Roosevelt, Democrat, wins by a huge margin over Hoover

Promised New Deal

Help jobless, farmers & elderly

Represented hope for some Americans


First hundred days
First Hundred Days federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Between March and June 1933 FDR and Congress put into effect programs to create jobs and get the economy going

    • FDR – “take a method and try it. If it fails, admit it and try another. But above all try something.”

      • Why do you think FDR said this? Why was it so encouraging for America?


Help the banks
Help the Banks federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • 2nd day in office – “Bank Holiday”

  • FDR orders all banks to close and passes the Emergency Banking Act

  • Create insurance for bank deposits

    Finally, deposits > withdrawals!


Fireside chats
Fireside Chats federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • FDR – speak to American people over radio

    • 30 speeches while in office


3 goals for new deal
3 Goals for New Deal federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Relief for the unemployed

  • Plans for recovery

  • Reforms to prevent another depression


1 reduce unemployment and give relief
1. Reduce Unemployment and give Relief federal government was very unpopular with Americans

Use government money for public works programs

These programs gave jobs to the unemployed and built up the nation’s infrastructure at the same time


Relief
Relief federal government was very unpopular with Americans

Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA): Provided federal gov. money to those in desperate need


Relief1
Relief federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

    • Hired unemployed single men 18-25

    • Worked outdoors

  • Works Progress Administration (WPA)

    • Jobless to build hospitals, schools, parks, playgrounds and airports

    • Critics


2 helping businesses
2. Helping Businesses federal government was very unpopular with Americans

National Industrial Recovery Act (1933): set codes and regulations for businesses to stop falling prices

National Recovery Administration (NRA): blue eagle stamp

Public Works Administration (PWA): hired workers

Agricultural Adjustment Act –

Paid farmers not to grow certain crops

Paid famers to plow under surplus

Rural Electrification Administration (REA) – extended electric lines to rural areas


3 prevent another depression
3. Prevent Another Depression federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (FDIC)

    • Insured savings accounts

  • Securities and Exchange Commission (1934): regulates the stock market


Class work1
Class Work federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • FDR Political Cartoon Analysis

  • Letters from Listeners


Homework 7
Homework #7 federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Read –

    • Chapter 23 Sections 1 & 2


Exit ticket1
Exit Ticket federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Will FDR’s plan, the New Deal, work? What flaws/benefits do you see in his plan?


Concept 2 great depression and new deal
Concept #2 – Great Depression and New Deal federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Lesson Essential Question #3 – What criticism were there of FDR and the New Deal?

  • Vocabulary –

    Collective bargaining

    Sit-down strike

    Deficit spending


What were the successes and failures of the new deal
What were the successes and failures of the New Deal? federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Work with a partner to come up with a list of at least 5 successes and/or failures of the New Deal

  • Be prepared to share with class.


Successes failures of new deal
Successes/Failures of New Deal federal government was very unpopular with Americans

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.


Quiz federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • What act was passed by Congress in 1935 to spur labor?

  • What new kind of strike did workers begin to use?

  • What was Huey Long’s nickname?

  • Where did Father Coughlin speak to the American people?


Quiz federal government was very unpopular with Americans

5-7 What three groups was the Social Security Act setup to help?

  • Who won the 1936 election?

  • What occurred on “Black Monday”?

  • What happened in 1937?


How successful was the new deal
How Successful was the New Deal? federal government was very unpopular with Americans

Success: Many Americans benefited from the relief and employment programs

Failures: limited success in helping all Americans, did not fix the root economic issues

  • Women were discriminated against by many of the New Deal programs: they received lower wages and less access to the relief and jobs

  • African Americans faced segregation in the South and discrimination in the North that prevented them from being able to take advantage of the new programs


Criticisms of the new deal
Criticisms of the New Deal federal government was very unpopular with Americans

From the RIGHT

-FDR is a communist! Stop taxing the rich!

From the LEFT

-FDR hasn’t limited poverty! We need to re-distribute income!


Criticisms of new deal
Criticisms of New Deal federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Huey Long – Senator of LA

    • “Kingfish” – championed poor

    • “Share our wealth”

  • Francis Townsend – CA Doctor

    • “Government turned back on older citizens”

  • Father Coughlin – radio priest

  • Liberty League


Fdr and supreme court
FDR and Supreme Court federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • 1935 – Supreme Court entered debate over New Deal Laws

    • FDR defended plan

  • 1935 – NIRA unconstitutional

  • 1936 – AAA Cancelled

  • Jan 1937 – FDR tried to raise number of justices from 9 to 15


Labor reforms
Labor Reforms federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Wagner Act

    • Collective bargaining

    • 1930s – 3 million to 9 million

      • Congress of Industrial Organization (CIO)

  • Sit-down strike

  • Minimum wage

    • Fair Labor Standars Act

      • 40 cents an hour, max 44 hours a week

      • No children under 16 yrs old


Social security
Social Security federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • 1935 – Social Security Act

    • Pension system for older people

    • Unemployment insurance

    • States given money to support dependent children and people with disabilities

  • Critics


New deal good or bad
New Deal – Good or Bad? federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Critics

    • Power of government increased

    • Deficit spending

    • Unions to powerful

    • Recovery did not occur until 1941

      • With what?

  • Supporters

    • Government must meet needs of all citizens

    • Programs necessary

    • Government must regulate industries


Class work2
Class Work federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Court Packing Cartoon Analysis

  • Early 100 Day Cartoon Analysis


Homework 8
Homework #8 federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Read –

    • Chapter 23 Section 3


Exit ticket2
Exit Ticket federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Do you agree or disagree with the critics of FDR and the New Deal? Why or why not?


Concept 2 great depression and new deal1
Concept #2 – Great Depression and New Deal federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Lesson Essential Question #4 – How did the Great Depression and New Deal impact the different groups in America and popular culture?

  • Vocabulary –

    Dust bowl

    Migrant workers

    Ethnic Group


How do these works reflect the 1930s
How do these works reflect the 1930s? federal government was very unpopular with Americans

  • Migrant Mother Falling Water

    Dorothea Lange Franklin L Wright


Quiz federal government was very unpopular with Americans

1-2. What political party had African Americans shown their loyalty to until the Great Depression? Why?

  • Why did FDR back away from equal rights for all citizens, especially blacks?

  • What happened to 400,000 Mexican-Americans, some who were American Citizens?

  • How did the lives of Native Americans improve?


Quiz federal government was very unpopular with Americans

6-7. Name two pieces of literature that were popular during the 1930s.

8-9. What two superheroes were born in the 1930s?

10. What movie came out in 1939 where a poor farm girl from Kansas was taken away over the rainbow by a tornado?


The dust bowl
The Dust Bowl federal government was very unpopular with Americans

During the 1930’s dust storms and drought plagued the Great Plains

Destroyed the farmland of already suffering American farmers


What led to the dust bowl
What led to the Dust Bowl? federal government was very unpopular with Americans

Severe drought and poor weather + years of over-plowing = destruction of land


conditions in the mid-west led to a migration of farming families westward to California

“Okies” & “Arkies”


Women during great depression
Women during Great Depression families westward to California

  • Employment Problems

    • Lack of jobs

    • Lower wages

  • Active First Lady – Eleanor Roosevelt

    • “eyes and ears of President”

    • Career


African americans during gd
African Americans during GD families westward to California

  • Racial Prejudice

    • 1930s – first to lose jobs

    • Help from First Lady

  • FDR’s Black Cabinet

    • Robert Weaver, Mary M Bethune

  • Demand for Equal Rights


Mexican americans
Mexican Americans families westward to California

  • How were they utilized during WWI?

  • Depression – 400,000 rounded up and sent back to Mexico

    • Stayed – education own children – WHY?

Asian Americans

  • Refused service at businesses

  • Resented for taking scarce jobs

  • Number of immigrants reduced


Native americans and the nd
Native Americans and the ND families westward to California

  • When did Native Americans become citizens?

  • 1930s – Indian New Deal

    • Control of own affairs

    • 1934 – Indian Reorganization Act

    • Government ended policy of destroying religions


Popular culture
Popular Culture families westward to California

  • Radio – “furniture that talks”

    • Radio programs: “soap operas”

    • Halloween 1938 – Orson Welles read The War of the Worlds

  • Silver Screen

    • Disney – Snow White and Seven Dwarfs

    • 1939 – Judy Garland: The Wizard of OZ

    • Gone with the Wind

  • Literature

    • John Steinbeck – The Grapes of Wrath

    • Richard Wright – Uncle Tom’s Children


Class work3
Class work families westward to California

  • Dust Bowl Activities – Must complete 2

  • Letter to Mrs. Roosevelt

  • What did Government do about the Dust Bowl?

  • What Happened Here?

  • What did they do?


Homework 9
Homework # families westward to California9

  • Study for Quest on Great Depression and New Deal


Exit ticket3
Exit Ticket families westward to California

  • How will the Great Depression have a lasting impact on America? What will bring us out of this terrible time?


Quest

QUEST families westward to California

Great Depression and New Deal


ad